India is a tropical nation. This country receives an ample amount of sunlight during the summer. The summer season in India makes it extremely difficult for people to even step out of their houses during this time. Indians often face health issues due to intense heat. The summer season in India lasts for several months. Tourists visiting here often want to find out how hot are summers in India. If you also want to find out more about India summer then read on.
1. What are the 4 Seasons in India?
India’s 4 seasons are the following:
- Summer (March/April to July/August),
- Monsoon season (July to mid-September).
- Autumn (end of September to November),
- Winter (December to January).
2. Where is Summer Season in India?Photo by Nitin Dhumal on Pexels
How hot are summers in India? Summer season in India is at its peak in the following areas:
- Sri Ganganagar: This city is located in Rajasthan, India. Ganganagar is known for its extreme weather conditions in summer and winter. During the summer, the temperature reaches a record high of 50 degrees Celsius and averages 41 degrees Celsius from May to July.
- Jhansi: It is well-known for its courageous martyr queen, Rani Laxmi Bai. The place is popularly called the Gateway to Bundelkhand. Jhansi is situated in Uttar Pradesh and lies at the northern end of the Tropic of Cancer, due to which the city experiences extreme heat in summer. Moreover, the city’s rivers and tributaries dry up during this time. Jhansi’s average temperature reaches up to 46 °C from April to July and has made a record of 48 °C in summer.
- Nagpur: Nagpur is popularly known as the second-largest city in Maharashtra. The highest temperature recorded in Nagpur city is 48 °C. From April to June, the average temperature remains at 40 °C. Nagpur city is famously known as Orange City and every year a large number of tourists flock to this place.
- Daltonganj: Another name for Daltonganj is Medininagar. This city is situated in Jharkhand and faces extreme heat and humidity during the summer. Daltonganj’s temperature reaches a record high of 48 °C. On average, the temperature stays around 40 degrees Celsius. Due to this extreme heat, many people also lost their lives.
- Bilaspur: This place is located in Chhatisgarh near the Tropic of Cancer. Due to its location, Bilaspur receives an ample amount of sunlight and around 10% more solar radiation compared to other cities which are not located in the Tropic of Cancer. The highest temperature recorded in Bilaspur is 49 °C and the average temperature remains at 45 °C approximately during April-June in summer.
3. How does Summer Season start in India?
What are the features of summer season in India? In India, the summer season starts in March or April and continues till June or July. The heat is at its peak in India from March to June, due to which it becomes difficult for people to step out of their houses and face the scorching sun. The hot winds blowing, especially in the northern part of India, claim many lives every year.
We often see many lakes, seasonal rivers, and tributaries that dry out during the summer, and people have to face water shortages. Due to extreme heat, electricity consumption escalates as people use air conditioners on a larger scale, and thus, we also have to face power cuts for longer durations. (Also read Which are the summer months in Canada?)
4. How Hot are Summers in India?Photo by Ketut Subiyanto on Pexels
India’s average temperature soars during the summer season. The country has to endure heat waves and scorching heat from the months of March through July. The states in India, especially Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Maharashtra, have to bear humidity and intense heat in summer. People must avoid going out in the daytime or else the heatwave can cause dehydration and even death in many cases. One must wear soft cotton clothes, carry an umbrella, and water bottles, and apply sunscreen lotions as protection against the sweltering heat and sun’s UV radiation. (See Why it is hotter in Summer?)
5. Which Month is very Hot in Summer in India?
May is the hottest month of summer in India. Summer is mainly dry and hot, and the daily temperature varies between 37.8 °C to 46.1 °C. Must read What Months are Summer in Australia?
6. Why is it called Indian Summer?
The word Indian here refers to Native Americans or Red Indians (the aboriginals of America). An Indian summer is a term that refers to the extreme heat wave that happens in North America during the autumn season. During this time, the temperature rises suddenly, and the weather becomes extremely dry and hazy. According to some believers, a French-American farmer, J. H. St. John de Crevecoeur, coined the word Indian Summer in his book titled An American Farmer. (See Where it is summer right now?)
7. What are the Features of Summer Season?
The five important features of summer season are the following:
- In summer, the temperature is very high.
- In many parts of the world, the summers are either very dry or humid.
- The days become the longest and most of the time, the nights become short.
- Summer season starts in March/April and continues till June/July.
- Summer season is the hottest of all seasons.
8. What can You say about Summer Season in India?Image by Larisa Koshkina from Pixabay
In India, the dusty and hot winds that blow in the northern part are called loo. These winds are unbearable and most people stay at home during this time, or you can suffer a heat stroke due to such extreme temperatures. Because India is a tropical country, summer is the main season here. Most of the time, India has a warm climate, especially from March to August.
As per the Hindu calendar, the summer season is called Aashaadha or Jyestha season. Indian states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhatisgarh, and Madhya Pradesh lie on the tropic of cancer; thus, these states receive direct sunlight and intense heat in summer. (See What are Disadvantages of Summer Season?)
9. What are the Features of Summer Season in India?
The features of summer season in India are the following:
- In India, the summer season starts in March/April and ends in May/June, and even extends till July/August. When the sun’s light moves towards Earth’s northern hemisphere, the global heat also shifts to the north.
- In the northern region of the nation, air pressure drops, and temperatures rise throughout the summer. By the end of May, low-pressure forms in the area, spanning from Patna and Chhotanagpur in the east and southeast to the Thar Desert in the northwest.
- The loo is a defining element of the hot weather season. These are daytime winds that blow through northern and northwest India and are fierce, windy, hot, and dry.
- In northern India, dust storms occur often in the month of May. Localized thunderstorms are also common during this time of year, along with strong winds, heavy rain, and hailstorms.