Where are Subarus Made?

Subaru Cooperation, formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries, is a Japanese automobile manufacturing company. Its multiple manufacturing units are further discussed in this article.
JAN23 Where are Subarus Made

Cars influence an essential part of our lifestyle, Everyone has a different taste in cars, and keeping this in mind, car manufacturers have been producing cars for different needs, tastes, preferences, and luxuries. There are several companies that have expanded their production to other nations. Among the list of worldwide car manufacturers, we have Subaru. Do you know where are Subarus made and who makes Subaru engines? In this article, we will be discussing Subaru cars, where are Subarus made in USA, where are subaru crosstreks made, and many more interring stuff.

1. What is Subaru?

It is an automobile manufacturing division of the Japanese conglomerate Subaru Corporation which was formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries. The company is ranked as one of the largest automakers in the world. Their boxer engine layout is what makes them famous in the market. Their vehicles have been highly capable and intelligently designed ever since they entered the market in 1954. (See What is a ricer car?)

2. What are Subaru Cars known for?

JAN23 Where are Subarus Made 1

Subaru manufactures cars and SUVs that are particularly consumer based. The staple of Subaru is its all-wheel drive, but they are also known for its rear-wheel drive sports car models too. The company and its products are highly praised for their:

a) All round safety philosophy

Their main focus is safety because they believe they are entrusted with the life of their customers. It has 4 aspects to it.

  • Driving safety: It focuses on the controllability of the vehicle as it avoids objects on the road and after the avoidance control as well.
  • Passive safety: A safety measure is provided if all three safety measures fail.
  • Preventive safety: It prevents accidents and minimizes damages by using features like pre-collision braking of eyesight.
  • Primary safety: It includes maximum and excellent visibility and a package that avoids fatigue.

b) Core technologies

Its AWD technology ensures a safe and smooth turn. Another factor is the accuracy of vehicle response speed which is influenced by steering, suspension, tires, and body.

c) Attractive Designs

Provide easy and unhindered control in all environments. The vehicles have spacious luggage compartments, the seating space is comfortable, and they use AWD technology.

3. Who makes Subaru Engines?

Most engines are prepared in Japan by Fuji Heavy Industries. Subaru is known for its Boxer engines which are flat, smooth, and smart. The engines are laid horizontally for balancing power and efficiency. They are called Boxer because of the horizontal movement of the pistons that look like the punches of a boxer. A boxer engine and its layout have the following benefits:

  • Center of Gravity is lowered: The center of gravity is low of the engine which leads to low gravity for the entire vehicle. It is an additional feature because the system is more responsive during cornering and evasive maneuvers.
  • Vibrates less: Any unwanted vibrations are canceled out by the opposite pistons of the natural counter punch. Inline and v-type engines require additional features to cancel these vibrations whereas the placement of a boxer engine does all the work.
  • Safe to use: The company ensures that there are no compromises with the safety measures for the customers. Due to the lower gravity of a boxer engine, it fell below the passenger compartment in a frontal accident. In other engines, they are pushed into the passenger compartment, increasing the damage further.
  • Economical: A boxer engine provides better fuel economy because its flat layout allows the transmission to flow through the direct flow of engine output. Other inefficiencies and engine components are reduced, resulting in better fuel economy.

4. Do All Subaru Cars have Boxer Engines?

Yes, all Subaru cars are excelled with boxer engines. But the size of the boxer engine varies depending on the type of vehicle it is used for. Here is the list of engines in different Subaru car models:

Model Engine size Torque Horsepower
BRZ 2.0 liter 4-cylinder DOHC engine 151 lb.-ft 200
Forester, Outback, & Legacy 2.5 liter 4-cylinder DOHC engine 258 lb.-ft 173
Outback, Legacy, and All Tribecas 3.6 liter 6-cylinder DOHC engine 247 lb.-ft 256
STI 2.5 liter 4-cylinder DOHC engine 290 lb.-ft 305
Turbo Forester 2.0 liter 4-cylinder DOHC engine 258 lb.-ft 250
WRX 2.0 liter 4-cylinder DOHC engine 258 lb.-ft 268
XV Crosstrek & Impreza 2.0 liter 4-cylinder DOHC engine 145 lb.-ft 148

5. Where is Subaru Made?

The manufacturing center of Subaru is in Ota City, Japan, north of Tokyo. Vehicles that are assembled in a plant in Indiana, United States, are sold in the market in the US. But the parts for the car are imported from Subaru and its suppliers in Ota, Japan. 80% of Subaru cars are made in Japan.

Other than Japan, some other countries that sell Subaru cars have factories that produce parts of Subaru. These are the same factories that make parts for other Japanese automakers, like Nissan, Toyota, and Honda. Subaru is manufactured in Oceania, parts of Asia, North America, Europe, and the Middle East. Therefore, the availability of Subaru models depends on which model is assembled and manufactured in the country. To know more, check out the article Who Owns Subaru?

6. Where are Subarus made in USA?

Subaru cars are assembled in Subaru Indiana Automotive (SIA), Indiana, US by importing parts from Japan. Long after they launched their first vehicle, Subaru turned towards the market in the United States in 1968. Since 2011, sales of Subaru cars have doubled in the US with the Forester SUV being the most popular. The United States is one of the largest automobile consumers in the world and has Subaru factories that manufacture the following models:

  • The Subaru Forester
  • The Subaru Impreza
  • The Subaru Impreza WRX
  • The Subaru Legacy
  • The Subaru Outback
  • The Subaru Tribeca

They are maximizing manufacturing plants which result in reduced shipping costs and customers get the cheapest possible deals on cars.

7. Where are Subarus Made in Europe?

There are multiple Subaru factories in Europe to meet the increasing demand for Subaru cars across the continent. Residents of Europe could enjoy great deals due to the self-manufacturing of the following Subaru cars:

  • The Subaru Forester
  • The Subaru Impreza
  • The Subaru Justy
  • The Subaru Legacy
  • The Subaru Lexus
  • The Subaru Outback
  • The Subaru Tribeca

8. Where are Subaru Crosstreks Made?

This sedan model is made at the Yajima manufacturing plant in Ota, Japan. It is a subcompact crossover SUV and till 2022 you know it by the name Subaru XV. Its production started in 2012 and is known as the successor of the model Outback Sport in the United States and Canada. Globally, it is the successor of Impreza XV. It has the following features:

  • Impressive ride comforts
  • Economic in terms of fuel consumption
  • 2.0-liter four-cylinder
  • 29 MPG

9. How can you tell Where are Subarus Made?

There are a few characters in the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) from which you can easily identify the manufacturer of any car and where are Subarus made. Similarly, you can tell where your Subaru was manufactured. Here manufacturing means all the work related to the setting up and assembling of a car. The following characters will clear out your doubts.

  • Manufactured in Japan – JF1
  • Manufactured in the USA – 4S3

So, today you learn about where are Subarus made along with the trick to know their manufacturing country. The answer to it is in the industries of Japan where they manufacture the boxer engines for their Subaru cars. (See Who Invented the Jake Brake?)

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