There are different methods by which animals reproduce. Every animal has a life cycle through which they begin and reach adulthood. Today you will get to know about what is the life cycle of a newt. These amphibians have a specific time when they enter and leave the water. Therefore, you will also get to know about what month do newts return to the pond and what month do newts leave the pond. Keeping their rapidly decreasing numbers in mind, take a look at what newts are protected.
1. What are Newts?
They are amphibians belonging to the Salamndriedae family and Pleurodelinae subfamily in the kingdom Animalia. They have the appearances of a salamander and a lizard but their faces are similar to a frog. They live both aquatic as well as terrestrial life. (See Are Sand Dollars Rare?)
2. What do they Look like?Image by Andy M. from Pixabay
These amphibians are small, have smooth skin, distinct tails, gills, and a developed lung system for breathing. Their four limbs are equal in size and their skin secretes toxins. Some newts secrete deadly toxins and are found in black, blue, brown, green, orange, red, and yellow shades. They may or may not have patterns and spots. Must read about the 10 types of Dart Frogs.
3. Where do they Live?
Few newt species are completely aquatic and dwell in water permanently. The semiaquatic species lives both on land and underwater. You can find them easily in your garden underwood log, stones, and near damp-dark places. But every species reproduces underwater. Also, check out where do Red Pandas live in USA?
4. What is the Life Cycle of a Newt?
Just like every amphibian, the life cycle of a newt begins as an egg, then a tadpole, an eft, and an adult newt. Their life cycle begins when the egg hatches and they are free to swim around in the water. (See Slug Vs Snail)
5. What month do Newts return to the Pond?Photo by Tyler Donaghy on Unsplash
Their return to the pond begins in May when the mating season begins. They stay underwater up till July which is the end of their mating season. During this period, they do courtship and mating. (See Why Do Bees Sting People?)
6. How do they Reproduce?
Mating takes place in lakes, ponds, or slow-flowing streams, and then the female externally intakes germ cells released by the male newt. After, this female lays one fertilized egg at a time encased in a gel-like sheet. She collects them in clusters and hides them well under leaves, and behind rocks, attaching them to the plants or rocks. A single is just 1 to 2 mm in diameter. Eggs are laid between March and June and this time tells a whole about what is the life cycle of a newt. Also, check out what are the advantages and disadvantages of Sexual Reproduction?
7. When did 2nd stage begin?
Newts are born as aquatic larvae with fish-like tails and gills which enable them to breathe underwater. This phase is known as the Tadpole phase, which can last for a few months depending upon the species. According to Island Creek Elementary School, some newt species remain a large part of their lives in the tadpole phase and reach the mature stage without entering the terrestrial larval stage. (See Do Insects Sleep?)
8. What is the Terrestrial Larval Stage?
While discussing what is the life cycle of a newt, note that to begin their lives on land several newt species develop necessary changes in their body. Their external gills fall off or shrink and their limbs are formed. At this stage of life, newts are known as an eft. They spend a large number of their lives on land until they go through metamorphosis. (See Do Anteaters Eat Ants?)
9. What Month do Newts leave the Pond?
Newts leave the pond after completing their tadpole stage. It happens during the months of summer till early autumn (fall). (See Why do Hermit Crabs need Shells?)
10. What is Metamorphosis?
The process of transformation of an animal from its immature stage to an adult stage after undergoing necessary bodily changes in two or more different stages is known as metamorphosis. For example, newts begin as eggs underwater and complete their metamorphosis after 1 to 2 years from birth. The time taken to complete this process depends on the species of newt. (See Why Do Snakes Shed Their Skin?)
11. What is the Adult Stage?Image by Michaela Wenzler from Pixabay
After months of struggle on land, newts finally achieve metamorphosis and become adults. Different species may have different appearances, like, some species have limbs and tails, both of which mean they can survive in both habitats. Others have tails which makes them an aquatic species only. (See How to Describe Crocodile?)
12. What is the Life Span of Newts?
Their life span varies from species to species, just like their sizes and colors. But overall, they can live up to 10 years on average and for 20 years max. (See 10 Interesting Facts About Sea Lions)
13. What Newts are Protected?
As you are aware of what is the life cycle of a newt, take a look at the endangered species. Great crested newts, also known as northern crested newt or warty newt, is a species of newt which is endangered. The Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981 and the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations, 2017, are the acts protecting the crested newts in Europe. And they get full legal protection in the United Kingdom also. (See 20 Largest Zoo in the World)
Black-spotted newts are also on the verge of extinction and are offered protection under the Endangered Species Act.
14. How do these Acts protect them?
If an animal is protected under the legal protection of the nation, you are prohibited from doing the following things. If someone is found guilty of the following act, the person will have to bear an unlimited fine along with a prison sentence of 6 months or more (depending on the law of their country).
- Their resting and breeding places should not be destroyed.
- Obstruction of their resting places is against the law.
- Capturing, disturbing, injuring, or killing such animals is prohibited.
- Such animals (dead or alive) cannot be controlled, possessed, sold, or transported.
- Taking their eggs or young ones is also prohibited. Must read when is it safe to remove a Wasp Nest?
15. What is included in the Nonpunishable List?Image by westdene from Pixabay
Besides what is the life cycle of a newt, take a look at the points that the government pointed out as non-punishable by law.
- If you are rescuing a newt from a life-threatening situation to save its life.
- If you are working on the pond during the winter season when newts have left the region and they cannot be harmed. Also, check out the list of names for groups of animals.
16. What should you do to Avoid Harm to the Newts?
Avoid the following activities to avoid any damage or danger to the great crested newts.
- Excavating the ground.
- Filling or destroying water bodies, like ponds, pools, etc.
- Maintaining or restoring grasslands, ponds, gardens, etc.
- Plowing near their breeding ponds or water body.
- Removing dense vegetation and its resting grounds.
- Removing their hiding or shelter materials, like dead wood piles, rocks, stones, etc.
- Restoring the forest or vegetation areas to lowland heaths (a tract of the wasteland). (See How to Make Balloon Animals Step by Step Guide?)
Now you know what is the life cycle of a newt, what month do newts return to the pond, and also, what month do newts leave the pond. Share this information about what newts are protected and which activities should be avoided. (Also read What are Few Examples of Producers Consumers and Decomposers?)