Light acts as one of the major sources of energy. Rainbows are actually a refraction of one white light, a phenomenon which is also seen in prisms. A white light gets refracted and is distributed and bends in 7 different colours. Since they have more energy, shorter wavelengths refract light more than longer wavelengths. Now you may also wonder about what colour bends the most, what material bends light the most or what colour is refracted the most. Let us explore together.
1. Which Colour bends the most in Rainbow?
When sunlight enters a raindrop, it is refracted, causing the many visible light wavelengths (colours) to divide. Shorter wavelengths of light, i.e. violet bents more than longer wavelengths of light (red). (See What is the Meaning of Rainbows Colors?)
2. What Colour is Refracted the most?
Now that we know what colour bends the most in the rainbow, let us look at the one which is refracted the most. The amount of light refracted increases with the frequency of the wavelengths and this results in violet refracting the most and red refracting the least.
3. What Colour has the Longest Wavelength?
Red light, which has the longest wavelength, is located at the end of the spectrum at around 700 nanometers. The wavelength of blue or violet light is the shortest at 300 nanometers. Check out What is the Difference between Indigo and Violet?
4. What Material bends Light the most?
As you are aware of what colour bends the most and what colour is refracted the most, let us look at the material which bends the light the most. Metamaterials or materials with a high refractive index like diamonds are used to bend light the most. However, these materials have to consist of materials that need to be smaller than electromagnetic radiation.
5. What is the Colour which bends the least?
Longer wavelength light rays disperse less energy than shorter wavelength light rays do. Red bends the least since it has the longest wavelength. (See What Color does Red and Purple Make?)
6. What Colour is Refracted the least?
After learning about hat colour bends the most and what colour is refracted the most, let us look at the one that is refracted the least. Violet light is slower than red light with longer wavelengths because it has a shorter wavelength, bringing to our conclusion that red light bends the least, and violet light is bent the most.
7. Which Colour of Light travels the most slowly?
Light travels at various rates for different colours, so instead of being mixed up, they disperse from that one white light and are spaced apart. The colour violet moves the slowest, so it is at the bottom, and the colour red moves the fastest, so it is at the top.
8. Why is Red the least bent?
Each light beam has a unique wavelength and is slowed down by the glass in a different way. Violet light is slower than red light which contains longer wavelengths since violet pertains to a shorter one. As a result, the red light is bent the least, and the latter, the most. (See Why the Sky Colour is Blue?)