The growing population around the world has become a major cause of concern. An increase in population has led to many problems whose solutions are difficult to find. There are many broad reasons for this which can be easily analyzed but there are some, which are difficult to study. Each region has some specific characteristics which make its population vulnerable to factors affecting its population. This issue has become global and governments around the world are taking steps to tackle the problem of a growing population. This article will discuss some reasons for high population density and the factors affecting the distribution and growth of the population around the world.
Table of Contents
1. What are the 6 Factors that Affect Population Size?
The 6 factors that affect population size are:
- Birth rate: This refers to the number of births per 1000 people.
- Death rate: It is about the number of deaths per 1000 people.
- Infant mortality rate: This is about the average number of babies dying before they reach one year old.
- Migration: Migration includes both immigration and emigration and is about the movement of people or migrants. People moving away from the country cause a decrease in population (emigration). On the contrary, people moving into a country lead to an increase in population (immigration).
- Life expectancy: Life expectancy is the number of years an average person is expected to live.
- Fertility rate: It refers to the number of children women are having.
2. What are the 4 Reasons for Population Distribution?
The 4 reasons for population distribution are mentioned below.
- Quality of life: Some cities which are situated in areas with high altitudes face many problems like scarcity of groundwater and transportation among many others. This forces its population to settle in new areas in search of a better quality of life.
- Climate: People seek new places because it is difficult to survive in very hot or very cold climates.
- Job Availability: Job availability is another important factor that leads to population distribution. People try to live in areas where they get an easy source of livelihood.
- Ethnicity: Ethnicity and culture are also important factors in places with high cultural imports to attract the population.
3. What are the 7 Factors that Influence Population Distribution?
Now that you know the reasons for high population density, let us move forward. The 7 factors that influence population distribution are:
- Climate: This is one of the most significant natural factors that affect population density. It includes the flora and fauna of a particular region.
- Topography: People prefer to live in developed and arable areas rather than undeveloped ones.
- Water resources: People need water to survive and thus, they look for places with no water shortage.
- Energy and mineral resources: The availability of minerals leads to more industrial development and attracts settlements.
- Political boundaries: Political factors such as conflict, war, and government policies negatively affect population distribution.
- Economic Activity: This factor significantly determines employment opportunities and thus, attracts or repels people.
- Population Increase: This can be understood as the net result of fertility and mortality in a region.
4. What are the Major Reasons for Population Growth?
Now let’s look at some major reasons for population growth here.
- Better medical facilities: Better medical facilities allowed people to live long while the birth of children also became safer. This led to a lesser death rate among populations, leading to population growth.
- Decline of death rate: Population growth occurs when there is a difference between the overall birth rate and death rate in populations. If the number of children born each year is more than the number of adults that die, then population growth occurs.
- Poverty: Poverty leads to overpopulation because of the absence of education and also due to high death rates. They would give birth to large families to make up for high infant mortality rates.
- Immigration: Many people across the world move to developed countries because of better opportunities in the health, education, and service sector. Over time, they settle in these places permanently. This way, immigration leads to overcrowding and population growth.
- Child labor: Impoverished families would give birth to many children because they see them as a source of income. These children begin work too young and lose educational opportunities.
5. What are the 5 Factors that Affect Population Growth?
Major factors that affect the population growth of a country are discussed earlier in the article.
6. What are the Two Reasons of Increase in Population?
Here are the two reasons for an increase in population:
- Better medical facilities: The advancements in the medical field have led to safer births. Also, the older populations are living for a long because they are being provided with good medical care. This has led to an increase in population.
- Decline in death rate: Life expectancy has increased considerably over time. There is a decline in the death rate because the facilities have become better which is making people live for long.
7. What are the Factors for High Population?
Factors of high population are:
- Easy access to medical facilities
- Decreased death rate
- Increased birth rates
- Increased fertility rate
8. What are Reasons for High Population Density?
Population density is the number of people living per square unit is area. Some reasons for high population density are discussed below.
- Birth rate
- Natural energy and mineral resources
9. What are the Reasons for High Population Density in India?
The reasons for high population density in India are discussed here.
- Water availability: Availability of water is one of the greatest factors of high population density. People prefer to live in areas where water is readily available.
- Landforms and soil: Landforms and soil play an important role in having high population density. The Northern and coastal plains of India have high population density because crops can easily be grown here because of fertile soils. Construction of roads and establishment of industries can easily be done here.
- Climate: Most parts of India have a moderate climate which supports large populations. Life becomes difficult in extreme weather conditions.
- Birth rate: The birth rate in India is still higher than the death rate as the country has been successful in declining the latter.
- Total fertility rate: Although the Indian fertility rate has been declining over the years, it is still higher than in other countries.
10. Where is Population Density the Highest and why?
Monaco, the European-city state, is the most densely populated country. Monaco is one of the safest places in the world. The climate here is excellent which makes living easier. The education and health care in Monaco are of supreme quality. These factors make it a good choice for living, leading to high population density.