Geography is the study of locations and the interactions between individuals and their surroundings. Diversity is described as the range of traits like interests, ethics, etc. that all individuals possess, that help in distinguishing them as unique beings. You have read about geography and diversity. Now, let’s discuss what are the main diversity in India or how to describe the geographic diversity of India. We will also analyze the main geographical features of India in this post. So, stay connected and read the entire post.
1. What are the Main Factors of Diversity?
Diversity is essential because it can be challenging to move from misunderstanding and miscommunication to synergy and high performance in a business context when we communicate with people who are fundamentally different from us. The main factors of diversity are:
- Culture and tradition
- Political beliefs
2. What is Geographical Diversity?
Before learning about the geographic diversity of India, let us first understand its definition. Geographical diversity is the collection of physically distinct human and cultural elements that coexist in the same, comparatively limited geographic area and is found in the same zone, region, or nation. The climatic variations in different parts of the same country can also come under this umbrella term.
3. What are the Main Diversity in India?
The main diversity in India is given below:
- Racial Diversity
- Diversity in Climate
- Social Diversity
- Diversities in Language
- Religious Diversities
- Geographical Unity
- Political Unity
- Religious Unity
- Geographical Diversity
4. What Type of Geography is India?
The geographic diversity of India is classified as:
- India’s geography is incredibly varied, with terrain that includes deserts, plains, hills, and plateaus in addition to snow-capped mountain ranges. The Indian subcontinent, the largest portion of the Indo-Australian Plate and situated on the Indian Plate, is primarily owned by India. The majority of India is situated on a southern Asian peninsula that juts out into the Indian Ocean, and it has a nearly 7,000 km (4,300 miles) long coastline. The Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal both border India’s southwest and southeast, respectively.
- Most of northern, central, and eastern India is covered by the productive Indo-Gangetic plain, whereas most of southern India is covered by the Deccan Plateau. The Thar Desert, which consists of a mixture of stony and sandy deserts, is located to the west of the nation and the tall Himalayan range forms India’s east and northeastern boundary. At 8,598 meters, Kangchenjunga is the highest point in undisputed Indian territory (28,208 feet).
- Pakistan, the People’s Republic of China, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan, and Afghanistan form the borders of India. South India outlines the island nations of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. 28 states, six union territories under federal administration, and the national capital territory make up India’s political structure. Instead of following geographic changes, political divides typically follow linguistic and ethnic boundaries.
5. Why India is called the Land of Geographical Diversity?
After learning about the geographic diversity of India, let us see why this country is called the land of geographical diversity. India has a wide variety of foods, and different spoken languages observe a wide range of festivals, and follow multiple religions and traditions which is why India is called the land of geographical diversity. India is home to a distinctive ecosystem that is abundant in a wide range of flora and wildlife.
The geographic diversity includes parched deserts, snowy mountains, fertile plains, and evergreen woods. India e towering Himalayas are in sharp contrast to the low, level plains that lie at their feet. Similarly, the humid, marshy Sunderban delta contrasts the Deccan region’s mountains. (See What are Human Features in Geography?)
6. What are the Geographical Diversity of India?
India spans an area of about 3,287,263 sq km and dominates a huge geographical diversity of dry deserts, evergreen forests, the Himalayas, long coastlines, etc. India may be classified into four areas based on its geography:
- First, there is the Himalayan region, often known as the Northern Mountain Wall, which stretches from Assam in the East to Kashmir in the West. Kashmir, Kangra, Tehri, Kumaun, Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan are all part of this region.
- The second section is the vast Northern Plains, which get water from the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra rivers and their tributaries. This makes the area the most prolific and fertile.
- The plateau of Central India and the Deccan made up the third region. On either side of the Deccan, which converges at the Nilgiris, the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats are spread out. The Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal are separated by the Coromandel Coast.
- The Malabar Coast, also known as Kerala, is the southernmost section of the fourth area, which is located between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats. Up till Goa, it is referred to as the Konkan; after that, it is known as the Kanara or Karnataka.
7. How to Describe the Geographic Diversity of India?
The geographic diversity of India is often described as extremely diverse. A peninsula, which is bordered by the sea on three sides, is what much of India looks like. North of Asia is where the Himalayas, the tallest mountain range in the world, rises. Most of the Northern, Eastern, and Central parts of India shelter the Ganges river. Both the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea border the southeast and southwest, respectively. (See What a Physical Map shows?)
8. What are the Main Geographical Features of India?
The main geographical features of India are:
- The Himalayan Mountains.
- The Northern Plains.
- Indian Desert.
- Peninsular Plateau.
- Coastal Plains.
9. How is Geographical Diversity of India important?
India is strategically situated in the middle of the trans-Indian Ocean trade routes that link the western European nations with the eastern Asian nations. India’s western shore allowed for direct communication with West Asia, Africa, and Europe, while its eastern coast allowed for direct contact with Southeast and East Asia. The other advantage of the country’s diversity is its fertile land in some of the regions which dominate the others in the world. Check out How many Villages in Punjab are there?
10. How many Geographical Diversity are there in India?
India is a large country with a 3.28 million square kilometer landmass and a wide variety of physical characteristics, including:
- Evergreen forests
- Lofty mountains
- Perennial and non-perennial river systems
- Long coasts and
- Fertile plains
Hence from the detailed geographic diversity of India, we can say that India is a diverse country. Geographers investigate the physical characteristics as well as the various human societies that live on the Earth’s surface. Additionally, they look at the interactions between the human culture of a country and the environment and how places and regions can affect people. (Also read What is Natural Feature?)