Wars have been devastating events in the history of mankind. Countries have been wiped out of their population to a large extent and the ones remaining were paying the price of being the citizens of those countries. The worst war in human history was World War II which lasted for 6 years (1938-1945) continuously killing innocent people while the shortest war was the Anglo-Zanzibar War of 1896 which lasted for 38 minutes. But where did many loyalists go after the war? How did colonists identify with their neighbors? What was used by federalists to help ratify the constitution? Let’s explore these questions and learn more about them.
1. Who were the Colonists?
A member of the group that is backed by the government who settles in a new region or group is called a colonist or a colonizer. The land occupied by a colonist belongs already to other people or a group of people. In some places, a colonist is considered a settler who helps in starting a new settlement in a new place. (See What are the Southern Colonies Government?)
2. What is meant by Colonization?
The term colonization was derived from the Latin word colere, which means to cultivate or to till. Colonization is the process of settling among and gaining influence over a region’s indigenous population. (See Why do We Need a Government?)
3. How did Colonists identify with their Neighbors?Photo by Beth Macdonald on Unsplash
During the period of colonization, colonists considered their neighbors as their competitors. It was due to the fact that there were some colonies who gained far more power than others irrespective of the fact that it was not influenced by the Crown. Therefore, the relations of the neighboring colonists were not always harmonious. Moreover, how did colonists identify with their neighbors from the same colony? Well, people living in the same colony often consider making friends or being neighbors with people from Britain. (See What are Two Types of Oligarchies?)
4. Who were the Loyalists?
American colonists who remained loyal to the British royalty and Crown during the American Revolutionary War and opposed the revolution were termed, loyalists. Other names used to refer to them were King’s men, royalists, and Tories. According to historians, in 1775, there were about 2 hundred thousand (2,000,000) whites in the British colonies, out of which 300,000 to 400,000 whites were loyalists. (See How Did the Americans Win the Revolutionary War?)
5. Where did many Loyalists go after the War?
When the cause of their opposition was defeated, about 15% of loyalists counting to 65,000 to 70,000 of them flee to the different parts of the British Empire like British North America (modern-day Canada), or to Britain.
- Southern Loyalists: Mostly they moved to Florida which was loyal to the Crown and some moved to the British Caribbean possession
- Northern Loyalists: They began calling themselves by the name United Empire Loyalists and largely migrated to Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Ontario.
6. What Happened to the Loyalists Who Stayed Back?
As you know how did colonists identify with their neighbors, what, according to you, happened to loyalists after the war? After facing the defeat many loyalists stayed back. After the war, they were able to retain their properties and became American citizens. However, there were numerous loyalists who returned to the United States after the war when the discriminatory laws were abandoned. (See Why making Political Allies is a Key Strategy for Lobbyists?)
7. Who were the Federalists?
Members of a former political party in the United States who were in favor of a strong centralized government were known as federalists. They were also known as an advocate of federalism, and they even took part in writing the constitution of America.
8. What is meant by Ratifying the Constitution?Photo by Anthony Garand on Unsplash
The term ratifying the constitution here stands for getting the constitution sanctioned by the authorities. In 1787, when federalists wrote the constitution, they submitted the convention to get the constitution ratified. (See Why does the Texas Constitution create a Fragmented Executive Branch?)
9. What was used by Federalists to Help Ratify the Constitution?
To face the arguments put up by the Anti-Federalists, there was an urgent need for some support from the states. Seeing the situation, there was only the need of 9 states to ratify the constitution, but it was not easy as the most powerful state, New York, was against the new constitution. Other important states considered in this context were Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Massachusetts. Was the way how did colonists identify with their neighbors also a point of argument against the present constitution? Must read 9 Features of Indirect Democracy.
10. What were the Federalist Papers?Photo by Scott Graham on Unsplash
It was a collection of 85 essays that were written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton. The essays outlined all the deficiencies of the in-force Articles of Confederation (that was prevailing then) and laid down the points in favor of the new Constitution. However, these essays were also published in the newspapers of New York but could not raise many votes in its favor. Still, it was helpful in making people aware and knowledgeable about the new constitution as a whole. Check out What were the Strengths of the Articles of Confederation?
11. Why were Anti-Federalists against the New Constitution?
They feared that the new Constitution was going to benefit only the wealthy and will weaken the powerful states. It was also assumed that the new government will take away the fundamental liberties of the individuals. (See Who gives the Authority to Colonize in a Charter Colony?)
12. What was the Bill of Rights?Photo by Markus Winkler on Unsplash
The writers and framers of the new constitution tried to remove the prevailing fears from the minds of the people. To do so, James Madison further introduced a set of 10 amendments and got them ratified. After which those amendments were known as the Bill of Rights, whose sole aim was to protect human freedoms. The following things were mentioned in these amendments, that were going to make better the way how did colonists identify with their neighbors.
- Freedom of speech, assembly, press, religion, and petition,
- Soldiers were not obligated to quarter,
- Freedom and protection from unreasonable seizures and searches,
- Rights of an accused person to a speedy and public trial,
- Freedom from cruel & unusual punishments and from excessive bail,
- Right of trial by jury in civil cases,
- Other rights of the people,
- Powers reserved to the state,
- Right to due process of law, double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, and
- Right to bear and keep arms for maintaining a well-regulated militia.
13. Which were the First and Last States to Ratify the Constitution?
Since the anti-federalists became weak and their arguments were not reasonable and strong enough to bring down the new constitution, things began to change. All the special states gathered at the convention to ratify the constitution and the first state to accept and approve the constitution was Delaware on 07-December-1787. After 6 months, New Hampshire also ratified the constitution and became the ninth and last necessary state.
So, today you got to know about how did colonists identify with their neighbors. You also got the answer to where did many loyalists go after the war. Did you notice what was used by federalists to help ratify the constitution? (See How did Alliances lead to World War 1?)