Demand for human settlements has been steadily rising. Small towns and cities are always developing due to the positive effect of urbanization. This form of development always resembles a change from one system of labor organization to another. Over many years, the population of the world has increased significantly due to economic development. This is the effect of numerous people relocating to urban areas. This also goes by the name of urbanization. Even though there is a rise in population, the positive effect of urbanization has prompted us to consider how did cities grow upward. Let’s discuss the urbanization effect in detail and understand how it can be a threat.
1. What is the Positive Effect of Urbanization?
Here is a list of the positive effect of urbanization: –
- There is an improved standard of living due to huge employment opportunities and education.
- The increase in the purchasing power of an individual helped them to buy and cater to their needs.
- Good quality education and medical facility
- Better transportation facility
2. How did Cities grow Upward: The Rise with the TrendPhoto by mostafa meraji on Unsplash
Industrial Revolution started in England in the middle of the eighteenth century and spreads to the United States and other different parts of Europe.
The Industrial Revolution spread across the urban areas which grew with the trend. The best answer to how did cities grow upward is the rise of the industrial revolution. In the next century, when the United States and England advanced from farms to cities, the other parts of the world industrialized and became urban.
3. Does it improve Diversity in Urban Area when Cities grow Outward?
The cities have a rapid outward expansion which is often challenged by wrecked land markets, lack of services in the growing area, and irregular informal expansion. When cities grow outward it brings opportunities for financial growth and helps better employment opportunities. So yes, it does improve diversity in urban areas. Some countries have urban population growth between 2018 and 2050, they are expected and would rise continually. (See What’s the Difference between Urban Suburban and Rural Regions?)
4. How has Industrialization been a Positive Effect of urbanization?
The industrial revolution bought new production techniques. If employment increases then there will be more opportunities for people to join new sectors.
The use of more advanced machinery in rural areas reduced workers’ movement in the search for new jobs in the manufacturing industry. People also move in for more wages which enables men and women to leave jobs in the rural area and move to the industrial city. (See What is the Importance of Transportation in your Life?)
5. Can Urbanization be a Threat Sometimes?Photo by Patrick Hendry on Unsplash
Yes. It can be.
- The accelerated urban growth would lead to poverty with local governments which is unable to provide services for all people.
- Excessive use of industrialization would lead to air pollution.
- Urbanization would lead to flooding due to the chopping of trees unnecessarily for human use.
- Animal populations can be a disaster with the loss of food and habitat.
6. How does the Fight against Urban Sprawl Lead Cities to grow Outward?
Urban sprawl occurs when cities expand outward rather than upward in an effort to accommodate growth and an increase in housing, the request for inadequate preparation, and customer desire. Because urban sprawl has the highest financial and environmental costs, there is less farmland available. The distance between residences and the city centers grows as cities spread outside. (Also read What are the Characteristics of Population?)
7. How do you Differentiate Urban and Rural Area Growth?Photo by Leslie Cross on Unsplash
Any urban area includes cities, towns, or a suburb. They have grown or developed in terms of infrastructure, including roads, railroads, hospitals, and houses. The majority of the land in urban areas is used for construction projects. They have a large population. Equal employment and educational opportunities are issues in urban regions.
Rural areas are mostly villages. They are less developed in terms of infrastructure. If any land in the rural area is developed, they are kept vacant. Rural areas have difficulties that arise with social status, gender and religion.
Urbanization is the process by which nations become more industrialized and urbanized. With the urbanization of the developed countries, as the 22nd century goes on, the population will increase steadily. As we get ready for the cities of the future, difficulties related to continuous growth will grow. For a very long time, urbanization will have many effects on the world. However, urbanization has numerous good effects. They increase in line with the expansion of the cities. All of this was about urbanization and its advantages and disadvantages. (Also read 6 Most Liberal Cities in the United States)