Two years have already passed since we last tried making COVID drugs at home. Remember the days when homes felt more congested than the roads, and most of our elderly loved ones had to be isolated due to an unknown disease spreading rapidly like wildfire? Crazy year, eh? If you’re someone who hasn’t yet tried making hydroxychloroquine at home, this article is for you! So, here we will talk about how to make hydroxyquinoline at home and the facts related to quinine vs hydroxyquinoline. Let’s jump right into it and learn how to make homemade hydroxyquinoline with grapefruit.
1. What is Hydroxyquinoline?
Before we can begin with how to make hydroxyquinoline at home, let’s get a brief overview of this compound. Hydroxyquinoline is an extracted chemical compound from quinoline (C9H7NO) and is made up of nine carbon atoms, seven hydrogen atoms, one oxygen atom, and nitrogen atoms. Its physical appearance resembles white crystalline needles.
It is lipophilic, which means it has an affinity for binding with fats and lipids. This makes it impossible to dissolve in water, but it can be dissolved in ethanol, acetone, chloroform, and other such organic solvents. This is why it is used as a chelating agent to create stable, water-soluble complexes by reacting with metal ions. Hydroxyquinoline has extraordinarily high melting and boiling points. It melts at around 76℃ into its liquid state while boiling at 276℃ into its vapor state. Its affinity for oxygen makes it a very explosive compound. (See Mass Percent of Chlorine in Hydrochloric Acid is?)
2. What Ingredients are in Hydroxychloroquine?Photo by Chokniti Khongchum from Pexels
A synthetic drug derived from the chemical structure of quinine is hydroxychloroquine. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is the active ingredient in most medicines and drugs. The other chemical components include lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, polypovidone, hypromellose, and macrogol. You must be wondering how to make hydroxyquinoline at home. Continue reading to learn about it. (Also read Does Magnesium Citrate Help You Sleep?)
3. What are Hydroxyquinoline Uses?
You already know that quinoline is the parent component of the chemical molecule known as hydroxyquinoline. It is used in sulfate form.
- Topical antiseptics, disinfectants, antiperspirants, deodorants, and different fungicides are all made with hydroxyquinoline sulfate.
- It can be used on its own or in combination with other medications to treat malaria infections. This medication treats the condition by eliminating the microorganisms that cause it.
- For rocket fuel oxidizers, hydroxyquinoline was employed as a reagent to stabilize the highly explosive hydrogen peroxide.
- In addition to these uses, it may be used as a solvent, emulsifier, flavoring agent, and colorant in paints and dyes.
4. Is it Safe to Take Hydroxyquinoline Tablets?
The answer is yes and no. The use of hydroxyquinoline tablets for treating parasitic infections is widespread. These tablets should be taken only with a proper doctor’s prescription. Taking hydroxyquinoline tablets is generally safe, but it is recommended never to overdose due to the side effects it can cause, such as headaches, nausea, and vomiting.
To avoid gastrointestinal distress, hydroxyquinoline tablets can be taken with meals. Even if you begin to feel better, you should not skip doses. Instead, follow the specified course to the end. If you stop it too soon, you run the danger of getting an additional infection. Move on to the next section to learn how to make hydroxyquinoline at home. (See Is the L484 a Vicodin?)
5. How to Make Hydroxyquinoline with Grapefruit and Lemon?Photo by Michelle Leman from Pexels
Coming to the most demanded question: How to make hydroxyquinoline at home using grapefruit? You cannot make it at home because it is not a natural substance. It is believed that citrus peels boiled in water can be used to make hydroxychloroquine at home, which is a complete fake. Grapefruit and lemon cannot be used to make hydroxyquinoline; the compound can only be manufactured.
Additionally, it may be chemically synthesized by combining glycerol with 2-aminophenol and sulfuric acid, but it cannot be obtained from grapefruit or lemon. So, those TikTok videos on how to make homemade hydroxyquinoline with grapefruit and lemon are fake!
However, the procedure of making something healthy with grapefruit and lemon at home isn’t a waste, and some people find it similar to hydroxyquinoline. If you toss grapefruit and lemon peels in water and follow the recipe below, you will make something healthy and boost immunity.
Step 1: In a big saucepan, put the peels and add 2 inches of water on top of them.
Step 2: Simmer for three minutes after bringing to a boil.
Step 3: Drain it three more times. Drain using fresh water the last time.
Step 4: Put water in a medium-sized saucepan.
Step 5: Add the lemon peels and a teaspoon of salt to the saucepan.
Step 6: After bringing it to a boil, let it simmer for 10 minutes. You can add sugar to the water to caramelize the peels.
And you have an immune booster made and sweetened at home! Hence there is no definite answer to how to make hydroxyquinoline at home using grapefruit or lemon.
6. What are Homemade Hydroxyquinoline Benefits?
After knowing how to make hydroxyquinoline at home (which is not the exact process, as it has to be manufactured in the laboratory), let’s look at the benefits. Citrus peels that have been homemade and sweetened have much more fiber than citrus pulp and contain the compound limonene. Additionally, the following benefits should be mentioned:
- The fiber from citrus peels slows down how rapidly sugar is taken into the system after a meal, which helps control blood sugar.
- Additionally, peels have vitamin C, polyphenols, and essential oils, all of which defend against free radicals.
- The benefits of antioxidants from citrus peels include preventing heart diseases and premature aging.
- Antioxidants work wonders in people having joint pain as it relieves them from inflammation.
- Lemon and grapefruit peels contain citric acid, which has antimicrobial characteristics that help stop plaque from forming on teeth.
- It can prevent cavities by remineralizing tooth enamel and killing bacteria that consume sugar, which is the primary cause of tooth decay.
- The peels have special antibacterial and antifungal properties, making them a great medical component in many chemical ointments.
- Flavonoids found in citrus fruit peels have been shown to strengthen the immune system when ingested frequently in tiny doses. Additionally, they contain polyphenols, which have been demonstrated to help improve your body’s natural defenses against viruses and eliminate dangerous bacteria in your stomach.
- Vitamin C also helps in maintaining body fat and aids in weight loss.
- Citrus peels have long been known to nourish the skin. Therefore, you can use them to make homemade face masks with these peels. It will keep your skin refreshed, moisturized, and soft.
7. What is 8-Hydroxyquinoline? What are its Uses?
In chemistry, 8-hydroxyquinoline is a chelating agent used to determine metal ions quantitatively. With a pKa value of around 9.9 in an aqueous solution, 8-hydroxyquinoline interacts with metal ions to lose its proton and produce 8-hydroxyquinolinato-chelate complexes. The compound is sometimes added to buffers containing phenol for organic extractions. Check out What is the pH of Concentrated Nitric Acid?
The metal chelating properties and its lipophilic nature make it an amazing drug-manufacturing chemical. The compounds of 8-hydroxyquinoline and its derivatives can therefore possess active properties such as anti-neuroendovascular, anticancer, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-diabetic properties.
8. Quinine Vs Hydroxyquinoline Facts
Quinine and hydroxyquinoline are similar in structure and belong to the organic compound group. Malaria and babesiosis can be treated with the drug quinine. Hydroxyquinolines are quinine derivatives. As a result, the main distinction between quinine and hydroxyquinoline is that quinine is a drug that may be used to treat malaria and babesiosis, but hydroxyquinoline has few therapeutic uses.
Additionally, quinine has comparatively low reactivity, whereas hydroxyquinoline has a relatively high reactivity. And the biggest difference between the two is that hydroxyquinoline is something that cannot be found naturally. It is a mildly synthesized compound made from naturally extracted quinine. (See Are Nootropics Safe?)
9. Use of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine in CoronavirusPhoto by Artem Podrez from Pexels
Chloroquine, initially developed in 1934 as an anti-malarial medication, is listed on the 2019 WHO Model List of Essential Medicines. The Second World War saw the development of hydroxyquinoline, which is more robust than CQ and has milder side effects. During the peak of the spread of coronavirus infection, there was a wild search for an effective drug to manufacture a vaccine and save people quickly. Various antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-malarial compounds were tested randomly. So, chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) fall into the class of anti-malarial drugs that showed no effective benefits on the 28-day mortality and speedy recovery in adults.
Yes, the rumors that having hydroxychloroquine tablets could help you stay immune to coronavirus were all fake. Studies show it never succeeded in the lab trials. Until now, the most effective compound has been dexamethasone in treating or preventing COVID-19.
How to make homemade hydroxyquinoline with grapefruit and lemons? First, the compound made is limonene, which is also very healthy and an immunity booster. But that’s not hydroxyquinoline; it can only be created in labs artificially through a chemical reaction. That is not something that occurs naturally! And in quinine vs hydroxyquinoline, both are similar organic compounds but differ in characteristics. So, from the article, we hope it is clear how to make hydroxyquinoline at home. (See Top 10 Smokeless Tobacco Brands)