Who Painted the Last Supper in the Sistine Chapel?

What is a Chapel? What is the Sistine chapel, and Where is it located? What are different Artworks in the Chapel? Who are the 12 Prophetic figures?
who painted the last supper in the sistine chapel 1
Photo by Julia Volk

There are approx. 10000 diverse religions in the world. But a majority of the population of the world is devoted to Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam. Today you will get the facts related to the Sistine chapel, like who painted the last supper in the Sistine chapel, who painted creation of Adam, who designed the Sistine chapel, and which pope commissioned the Sistine chapel. Also, when was the Sistine chapel painted, who is God touching in the Sistine chapel, who is in the Sistine chapel painting, and where was the Sistine chapel painted. 

1. What is Christianity?

An Abrahamic monotheistic religion that is based on the life and teaching of Jesus Christ is known as Christianity. It is among the largest religions in the world and its followers are known as Christians. They believe that Jesus is the son of God who came to the Earth as the Messiah for people. (See 15 Most Worshipped Gods in the World)

2. What is a Chapel?

A chapel
Photo by Brandon Morgan on Unsplash

A small place of worship and prayer for Christians is known as a chapel. It is associated with a church while there are some churches with their altars, which are also known as chapels. (See What Does Merry Christmas Mean?)

3. What is the Sistine Chapel?

A chapel in the Apostolic Palace (the official residence of the pope) in Vatican City, Rome, is the Sistine Chapel. Earlier it was known as the Great Chapel (Cappella Magna) as its name was taken from Pope Sixtus IV. He built it between 1473 and 1482. To know who painted the last supper in the Sistine chapel, read till the end. Also, check out the 6 lesser known St Valentine facts.

4. Who designed the Sistine chapel?

Still, trying to find out who painted the last supper in the Sistine chapel? The Cappella Maggiore is known to exist since 1368, and it was the chapel that Pope Nicholas used. It is said that it was designed and decorated by Fra Angelico, an Italian painter also known as Vasari. After it was in the ruinous stage, Pope Sixtus IV began the reconstruction of the chapel. In 1473, Baccio Pontelli, an Italian architect, designed the Sistine chapel. The construction took place under the supervision of Giovannino de Dolci, an Italian architect between 1473 and 1481. (See Was Jesus Really a Carpenter?)

5. Which Pope commissioned the Sistine chapel?

In 1508, Pope Julius II commissioned the Italian painter Michelangelo to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. The work started in 1508 and lasted till 1512 during which the ceiling and walls were painted with fresco paintings by various famous renaissance painters. (See What is a Theme in Art?)

6. When was the Sistine chapel painted?

After the task assigned to Michelangelo by Pope Julius II in 1508, Michelangelo started the work to outshine the ceiling of the Sistine chapel. He also enhanced the fresco paintings made on the walls by various other renaissance painters. It took him 4 years, that is, from 1508 to 1512, to complete the painting of the Sistine Chapel. Also, check out what does 4 score and 7 years ago mean?

7. Where was the Sistine chapel painted?

Michelangelo painted the historical Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, a city-state surrounded by Rome. So, who painted the last supper in the sistine chapel? Go through the next segments to get the answer. (See What are the Teachings of Jainism and Buddhism?)

8. Who is in the Sistine Chapel Painting?

who painted the last supper in the sistine chapel 1
Photo by Calvin Craig on Unsplash

The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel contains narrative scenes. These scenes are divided into three groups.

  • 1st group depicts the scene where God is creating Heavens and Earth.
  • 2nd group shows the Creation of Adam, in which God created Adam and Eve, the first man and woman. Also, it shows their disobedience to God and then expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
  • 3rd group shows Noah’s family and the unfortunate position of mankind during the flood.

The 9 scenes from the Book of Genesis are as follows, in order from the altar to the main door.

  • The Separation of Light from Darkness
  • The Creation of the Sun, Moon, and Plants
  • The Separation of Land and Water
  • The Creation of Adam
  • The Creation of Eve
  • The Fall and Expulsion
  • The Sacrifice of Noah
  • The Great Flood
  • The Drunkenness of Noah. Also, check out what are some examples of Artifacts?

9. Who painted the Last Supper in the Sistine Chapel?

Cosimo Rosselli, an Italian painter of the Quattrocento (cultural and artistic events of Italy during 1400-1499) along with Biagio d’Antonio, an Italian Renaissance painter, collaborated to paint this from the years 1481 to 1482. The technique used in the painting is a fresco (mural painting executed on freshly laid lime plaster). The painting depicts the life stories of the Life Cycle of Jesus. (See What is Food Art?)

10. Who painted Creation of Adam?

This painting is a part of the Sistine Chapel ceiling. It is a fresco illustrating the Biblical creation narrative from the Book of Genesis. This shows the narration of when God gives life to Adam. Besides who painted the last supper in the Sistine chapel, the creation of Adam’s painting was painted by an Italian artist, Michelangelo, from circa 1508 to 1512. (See What were King Philip II of Spain Accomplishments?)

11. Who is God touching in the Sistine Chapel?

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Image by Michael Skale from Pixabay

The fresco painting, the Creation of Adam, was made by Michelangelo in which he wanted to depict the touch of life. He depicted the fingers of God and Adam almost touching each other. The index finger of the right hand of God is having the spark that is ready to strike the finger of the left hand of Adam. Genesis (1:26), is a reminder that man is created in the image and likeness of God. (See How would you Explain the Rise of Napoleon?)

12. What are the Medallions?

Michelangelo depicted some important scenes from history through these ten medallions. Looks like you find out who painted the last supper in the Sistine chapel. Now take a look at the list of various depictions.

  • Abraham is about to sacrifice his son Isaac
  • Elijah being carried up to Heaven
  • Joab sneaking up on Abner to murder him
  • Joram being hurled from a chariot onto his head
  • King David’s traitorous son Absalom was caught by his hair in a tree while trying to escape and beheaded by David’s troops.
  • Nathan the priest condemned King David for murder and adultery.
  • On one medallion the subject is either obliterated or incomplete.
  • The Destruction of the Statue of Baal
  • The worshipers of Baal were brutally slaughtered
  • Uriah was beaten to death. (See What is Eight-Day Jewish Festival?)

13. Who are the 12 Prophetic figures?

Michelangelo painted figures of 12 people on the ceiling who prophesied the Messiah. Among these 12 there are 7 male Prophets of Israel and 5 Sibyls (Prophetesses) of classical mythology. Here is the list of these figures and the scene that is depicted. 

  • Cumaean Sibyl (CVMAEA)
  • Daniel (DANIEL)
  • Delphic Sibyl (DELPHICA)
  • Erythraean Sibyl (ERITHRAEA)
  • Ezekiel (EZECHIEL)
  • Isaiah (ESAIAS)
  • Jeremiah (HIEREMIAS)
  • Joel (IOEL)
  • Jonah (IONAS); above the altar
  • Libyan Sibyl (LIBICA)
  • Persian Sibyl (PERSICHA)
  • Zechariah (ZACHERIAS). Must read what is pointillism art?

14. What do the Pendentives depict?

Paintings on the walls
Photo by Gabriella Clare Marino on Unsplash

There are 5 pendentives (triangular filling in the upper corners of a room) in each corner of the Chapel and 2 on either side. After getting to know about who painted the last supper in the Sistine chapel, take a look at these pendentives too. Michelangelo painted Biblical stories associated with the salvation of Israel by the male and female heroes of the Jews, namely Moses, David, Judith, and Esther. The scenes or the stories depicted are as follows

So, today you got to know about who painted the last supper in the Sistine chapel, who painted creation of Adam, and who designed the Sistine chapel. Also, you discovered which pope commissioned the Sistine chapel when was the Sistine chapel painted, who is God touching in the Sistine chapel, who is in the Sistine chapel painting, and where was the Sistine chapel painted. Also, read about the Purpose of a Art Gallery Restaurant.

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