Earth is our mother planet which is unlike any other planet in the universe. It is the third planet from the Sun and the only planet to bear life form. It is the fifth-largest planet in our solar system. The other larger ones are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and smaller planets are Mercury, Mars, and Venus. Continue reading further to discover who named our planet Earth!
1. What is Earth?
Earth, our home planet, is the fifth largest planet in the solar system in terms of size & mass. With a radius of 3,959 miles, it is also the only planet that has liquid water on its surface. The name Earth was derived from both English and German words which means ground. It is the only place in the known universe that has been confirmed to harbor life. (See What Is Earth’s Core Made Of?)
2. What is its History?
The name Earth is said to date back at least 1000 years ago. One of the earliest records of the use of the name Earth can be traced back to a translation from the Bible into English. The name derives from the Indo-European basis of the Germanic noun eor(th)e Dutch: aarde, Danish, Swedish: jord, English: earth. Like most words and names, the Earth has its unique name in many different languages around the world.
Earth was the first term to be used to refer to the globe in the early fifteenth century. And the word globe came from the Latin word Globus. Above all the first globe was called Erdapfel in 1492. Read below to find out who named our planet Earth as well as its biblical meaning.
3. How did Planets get their Names?
All the planets in the solar system were named after Greek and Roman Gods & Goddesses. But, there’s one exception i.e., Earth. Earth is the only planet that is not named after any Roman God or Goddess. However, it is still associated with them. The Greek goddess Terra Mater (Gaea) was known as the goddess of earth. In Roman Terra and Greek Gaia, the earth is also believed to have been personified by the goddess in Germanic mythology, including ancient Norwegian and Anglo-Saxon legends. (See The Interesting History of Alphabet)
4. Who Named our Planet Earth?
The Earth and its name existed even before other planets were discovered. Unlike the other planets in the solar system, the Earth does not share a name with an ancient Roman deity, making it difficult to state who first coined the name Earth. The word Earth is derived from the Old English words eor(th)e, ertha, and eorpe, which correspond to the soil, dirt, land, place of residence, man, and material world. Yet, who named our planet earth is still a mystery. (See Debunking Witches Flying on Brooms)
5. What is the Original Name of Earth?
The name for Earth was not its only name in Old English and German. It was also named as terra in Portuguese, dunya in Turkish, and aarde in Dutch. The origins of the name earth go back to the Anglo-Saxon word for complement or existence. The first usage of this came from the Hebrew word eretz which means earth or ground. This existed over 1400 years ago. The term Earth was first used as the name of sphere of the Earth in the early 15th century. (See Trick or Treat Origin)
5. What is its Biblical Meaning?
In the English-translated version of the Bible, the document uses the name Earth, with God describing the dry land of the earth. Adamah is a Biblical-Hebrew word that refers to ground or earth, this appears in Genesis creation narrative. The etymological link between the word adamah and the word adam is used to reinforce the teleological link between humankind and the ground. It emphasizes how man was created to cultivate the world and the way he originated from the dust of the ground. (See How many books are there in the Bible?)