1 What is a zipper, and what is it used for?
Zipper is a mechanical device with the sole purpose of connecting 2 edges of the fabric. It is used in an array of clothes, sporting goods, and camping gears. Zippers can also constrict or slacken the existing opening of a piece of cloth that can either allow or restrict objects' passage. It helps in case of a fly of a dress, or skirt, or trousers. Zippers can also connect and separate two edges of the same garment: the jacket front, your backpack, suitcase, etc.
2 The History of Zipper
The inventor of the sewing machine, named Elias Howe, was the first person who came out with an idea and received a patent for 'Automatic, continues clothing closure' in 1851. It was a magnificent idea; however, he did not invest in the venture because he already got widely recognized for the sewing machine's invention and was too busy promoting it.
3 The invention of the Zipper
Whitcomb L. Judson emerged with the zipper concept and saved the word from the tedious task of buttoning their boots every morning. He promoted and marketed his idea and initially called it a 'Clasp Locker.'
He labelled it as a fastener for shoes. Whitcomb established Universal Fastener Company and started producing the slider, which initially got rejected. Later, he improved his design, making it easier to fasten the slider, but even the new one never found commercial success because it continued to pop open.
4 Who invented Modern Zipper?
Gideon Sundback was the one who eventually is best-known for designing the modern zipper, in 1913. He was an engineer from Sweden and used to work at Universal Fastener Company in New Jersey. Gideon's initial design was comprised of 2 rows of interlocking teeth brought together by a slider. This model was named 'Hookless No. 1'. However, this model had certain drawbacks as it used to cause extensive wear and tear on the fabric, and it was also expensive to manufacture.
Sundback persisted in his efforts and tried to bring the cost of production down and made it so that it remains untouched on the fabric. He got succeeded and received a patent for his 'Separable Fastener', in 1917.
5 Who came up with the name 'Zipper'?
No, Gideon Sundback was not the one who gave this name. The B.F Goodrich company came up with the idea of calling it a 'Zipper.' They used the zipper on the manufacturing shoes and started calling the 'separable fastener' as a zipper.
6 Were zippers used on clothing since it got launched?
When the modern zipper was launched in 1917, zippers were primarily used on boots and tobacco pouches. After a considerable time of 2 decades, it rose to prominence in the fashion industry, and designers started using it on their clothes. The first usage of zippers was observed on men's trousers, replacing the buttons with the zippers.
7 Significance of an ideal zipper
The zipper quality should be good so that you need not face any trouble once you buy jackets, boots, jeans, a suitcase, totes, or backpack. Zippers is the thing that holds our most precious possession, especially men's denim. Zippers play a crucial role in an astronaut's outfit.
Many zippers are also used to protect our electronic equipment, including laptops, I pads, and other valuable craftsmanship.