What’s the Difference between Urban Suburban and Rural Regions?

What are the differences and similarities between urban and rural communities? What is urban vs. suburban vs. rural population density? Living in city vs. suburbs: Which is better?
what's the difference between urban, suburban and rural regions
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A place is categorized into urban, suburban, and rural based on population. Whether you live in any of these regions, you feel comfortable or want to move to another community. But wherever that may be, you might wonder what is the difference between urban suburban and rural regions? If you do so, then this article on what’s the difference between urban, suburban and rural regions will help you. Also, you will learn what are the similarities between urban and rural communities.

1. What’s the Difference between Urban Suburban and Rural Regions?

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The following points will answer your question: what is the difference between urban suburban and rural regions.

  • Urban: According to the Indian Census, an area is referred to as urban, excluding a cantonment board, corporation, notified town area committee, and a municipality, if the minimum population of that place is 5000. It should have 75% of the working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits. To be categorized as The Census Towns, the population density must be 400 people per sq. km. These include Tier 1 or X and Tier 2 or Y cities.
  • Suburban: Suburban towns are located 10 to 50 km from the metropolitan core and the rural part of the vicinity. These places include Tier 3 or Z cities. To know more about it, check out where are the Suburbs?
  • Rural: Rural areas are huge swaths of land that house a lesser population than urban or suburban areas. The households here are self-sufficient and are usually engaged in agricultural labor. According to estimates by the United Nations, all over the world, the rural population is more than compared to urban. 

2. What is the Difference between Rural and Urban Areas?

Rural Urban
Rural areas usually refer to villages. Urban areas usually refer to cities and towns.
Rural areas usually don’t have much development in terms of infrastructure. Urban areas have more development in terms of access to healthcare, infrastructure, and connectivity like airports, ports, railways, housing, roads, etc.
Rural areas usually have a lot of vacant lands without much development. Land in urban areas is used for development activities. Most available land is used to construct housing societies, malls, etc.
Rural areas are sparsely populated. Urban areas are densely populated.
There are a lot of social barriers and less scope for career development. People are career-oriented and urban areas have many job prospects in fields like industry, corporate jobs, etc.

3. What are the Similarities between Urban and Rural Communities?

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Besides  answering what is the difference between urban suburban and rural regions, you also should be aware of the following similarities between urban and rural areas:

  • Since urban and rural areas are quite a modern phenomenon, both urban and rural areas have a common history that binds them. For example, a village in Maharashtra and an urban city in Maharashtra have a common history of Peshwa rule. The common history gives people of rural and urban areas a common consciousness and culture.
  • Both rural and urban areas have a rich-poor divide. Also, both regions have jobless people.
  • People in both regions have some sort of source of income.
  • Both places have an educational system, but the studying rate might differ. (See What is the Importance of Transportation in your Life?)

4. What are the Characteristics of Suburban Community?

If you want to have a complete idea of what is the difference between urban suburban and rural regions, you must know about the suburban areas first. Suburban areas are defined by what they are not rather than what they are. Suburban areas are not a part of the urban core, nor are they entirely rural. As they are referred to, suburbs are part of a metropolis’s outskirts.

Characteristics of suburban areas are:

  • Suburban areas have more job opportunities than rural areas but less than an urban metropolis. Must read 9 facts about organizing a flash mob.
  • Suburbs are inhabited by the most affluent individuals. These areas have expensive and luxurious housing societies with high living standards.
  • Suburbs are characterized by a low development rate, lack of activity, and separate workplaces, shops, and houses.
  • Such a spread-out nature of suburban areas has caused a lack of activity among residents, a lack of economic growth, an increase in obesity among residents, and a lethargic response from the healthcare department in case of emergencies. (See What are Unique Characteristics?)

5. Urban vs. Suburban vs. Rural Population Density

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As we are on the topic of what is the difference between urban suburban and rural regions, you should know about the population density in these regions.

  • Urban: To be categorized as urban, the area must be 400 sq. km and house a population of 5000 people. As of 2021, 35.4% of the Indian population lives in urban areas. This figure is calculated using the estimates from World Bank population estimates and United Nations World Urbanization projects.
  • Rural: The rural population stood at 898,024,053 as of 2020. It saw an increase of 0.29% from 2019. National Statistical Office calculates this as the difference between the total and urban populations.
  • Suburban: Suburban areas include only 1% of the total area but provide a whopping 18% of India’s working population. This shows the trends in which India’s suburbanization is rising. (See How is Culture Transmitted from One Generation to Another?)

6. Living in City vs. Suburbs: Which is Better?

As you are already aware of what is the difference between urban suburban and rural regions, you must take guess which is better and goes with your lifestyle.

City Suburbs
Extremely dense population, happening area. The population of the core metropolis almost makes up 75% of the metropolitan population. Lesser population and spread-out houses. Relatively calm area.
The cost of living is higher. Cost of living and property rates are lower with spacious accommodation.
They have better job prospects and commutation services. They have lesser job prospects. People usually have to commute to the city for work.
It has robust cultural hubs. People are not that enthused by events and tend to keep to themselves.

Wherever you may live, it is always good to know what is the difference between urban suburban and rural regions. So, what is your area, and do you enjoy the culture over there? Did you know what are the similarities between urban and rural communities? Now, share this piece of information with your friends and relative so that you can discuss your place in detail. (Also read What are the Characteristics of Population?)

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