You might have noticed natural phenomena like pollination and precipitation. There is an explanation for every natural phenomenon. A scientific method includes observation and exploration of these natural phenomena to analyze them better. So, it is essential to know about the correct order of steps in the scientific method. The first step in scientific method and the last step in scientific method are to be discussed according to the focus area. You can explore a great deal about the scientific method in research in this article.
1. What is Scientific Method in Research?
A method in which an objective analysis of certain assumptions or observations about any natural phenomena or scientific experiment is properly developed and questioned is termed the scientific method. In research, the importance is given to the correct order of steps in the scientific method. This method uses mathematical calculations and technical innovations to understand the nature of the phenomena. If the research is successful, it yields scientific theories and experiments that you can read and understand after they are published. (See What Kind of Information do you need?)
2. Who invented the Scientific Method?
The scientific method is considered a significant logical and rational experimentation. This method was prevalent in the ancient period from the time of Aristotle. Aristotle postulated a scientific and rational way of understanding day-to-day life. Later on, experimental science was promoted by Roger Bacon, an English monk. Using experimental methods in natural phenomena like rainbows, Bacon discovered the degree of elevation when a rainbow is formed.
In the sixteenth century, Sir Francis Bacon explored the field of empiricism to develop scientific knowledge of the world. He discredited the philosophy of the scientific method that was inspired by theology. Roger Bacon and Sir Francis Bacon are considered the fathers of the scientific method. Isaac Newton and Galileo Galilei used the scientific method to contribute to major theories in physics and science in general. (See Why is Quantitative Research Important?)
3. Why is the Scientific Method Important?
A method that involves scientific analysis can be important in many ways:
- The standardized effect of the method evokes a better understanding of the natural phenomena.
- It helps in understanding science in a better manner.
- The usual misconceptions regarding the supernatural effect or irrational understanding of natural phenomena are thwarted.
- It helps in improving the path of progress in the scientific world.
- In education and research, the scientific method aspires to encourage students to examine and cultivate analytical methods in understanding the world. (See Why Studying Is Important?)
4. How does the Scientific Method help Scientists? Why is the Scientific Method an important process in doing Experiments?
Scientific methods or the correct order of steps in the scientific method help scientists in several ways, as listed below:
- The scientific method explores the possibility of empirical and logical techniques in scientific theories.
- Scientists can analyze the limitations of their hypotheses. The significance of the scientific method lies in its ability to reduce the limitations of the research.
- The evidence gathered from the analysis is then modified and filtered to identify various aspects. The various aspects help the scientists to conclude and provide proper inference to their research.
- The research involves processes apart from the nature of natural phenomena like mathematical calculations and technical inputs. (See What are the Benefits of Studying Business Administration?)
These are the basic components that enhance the quality of scientific research. This method provides different areas and topics for scientists so that their input and output become significant. The correct order of steps in the scientific method depicts the overall system of the scientific method and its analysis. (See What are Physical Features in Geography?)
5. What are the 7 steps of the Scientific Method?
The 7 correct order of steps in the scientific method include:
- Identifying the question or the focus area,
- Researching the topic,
- Doing the research,
- Testing that includes experiments,
- Making observations,
- Concluding the research, and
- Submitting the inference. Also, check out what are the three parts of Cell Theory?)
Every step accounts for months and years to formulate the observations and inferences. The organization of all these steps is mandatory. You should explore the next section to know the correct order of steps in the scientific method. (Also read What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Sexual Reproduction?)
6. What is the correct order of Steps in the Scientific Method?
The following steps are enlisted in the correct order of steps in the scientific method:
- Identifying the question or the hypothesis: In this step, the primary aim is to understand the focus area of the research. During this period, the scientist engages his doubts and questions to build the major question.
- Researching on the focus area: To gather more information, the area of focus is mandatory to establish the significance of the topic or hypothesis. At the end of this step, the scientist is aware of the hypothetical arguments to be included in the research.
- Working on the hypothesis and researching: This step allows the scientist to use analytical, mathematical, and technical skills to develop arguments. These arguments are then rationally organized to form significant discoveries. (See What are the Characteristics of an Element?)
- Tests and experiments: Testing and implementing various experiments prove the arguments of the research. It also includes explanations of the proven experiments and the natural phenomena.
- Observations: The observations’ major ideas gathered from the analysis are collected. In this step, the hypothesis or the question in the research is acknowledged as right or wrong.
- Conclusions: Major developments in the research work include the significant arguments and the drawbacks of the research work.
- Submission of the research work: This includes the inference and accounts for the completion of the research work. The essence of the scientific method supports the final submission of the research work. (See Why is Philosophy important Today?)
7. What is the First Step in Scientific Method?
The first step in scientific method includes the identification of the focus area. This can be a significant question that would lead to the hypothesis.
- Rational statements and observations are part of this step.
- Major statements and questions are reflected to analyze the validity of the topic.
- You need to be aware of the limits of the focus area. This is perceived in the first step, where each question is analyzed objectively.
- The result of this objective analysis yields the base for research. Must read what is Empowered Consumerism?
For example, Ernest Rutherford had to develop his focus area by understanding the various atomic models that were experimented with before him. The questions about the organization of different elements inside an atom became the primary area of focus. You must read the next section on the last step in scientific method to learn more about Rutherford’s atomic model. Also, check out the list of Field of Study examples.
8. What is the Last Step in Scientific Method?
The completion of the research leads to the formulation of the results and their submission.
- The report of the scientific work is reviewed and published.
- The critics and pioneers integrate their opinions and highlight the merits and demerits of the theory.
- If the theory proposes the hypothesis to be wrong, then the research work is not published.
- On the other hand, if the theory accomplishes the assumptions and develops a new explanation around the focus area or hypothesis, the work is considered important. (See Why is it Important to do your Homework?)
Let me explain it with the help of an example. In the case of Rutherford, the alpha scattering experiment introduced the atomic structure, which became an important contribution to quantum mechanics. Rutherford’s atomic model also had its drawbacks. There was no proper explanation about electrons. However, the experiment is widely acknowledged, and his observations are also valuable in chemistry. This means the last step in the scientific method is not the least one but as significant as the first step. So, all the correct order of steps in the scientific method has its own importance and meaning in research work. (See What are Some Examples of Artifacts?)