Mental health is affected in ways you cannot imagine. Also, poor mental health affects your life as a whole. There are some common situations like depression, anxiety, etc., but very few people are aware of the personalization cognitive distortion and types of cognitive distortions that they face in day-to-day life. Today, I will tell you about cognitive distortions along with 10 cognitive distortions, list of thinking errors, thinking errors psychology, and common thinking errors. You will learn about all of them as you continue reading the article.
1. What is PCD?
A mental state when whatever you think about yourself is always in the negative aspect is known as personalization cognitive distortion or in short, it is called PCD. (See How to Stay in the Present?)
2. What are the Types of Cognitive Distortions?
According to research carried on over years, there are 10 cognitive distortions related to the thinking errors psychology.
- Discounting the positive,
- Emotional reasoning,
- Mental filtering,
- Mind reading,
- Polarized thinking, and
- Should statements. (See Different Types of BPD)
3. What is Catastrophizing?
Such people tend to fear the worst possible scenarios. They usually convert ordinary worries or issues into huge problems. A simple incident or situation makes them assume how this is going to affect their whole future. There are possibilities that a person may have experienced some childhood trauma. It is also possible that recent stress or experiences have generated this kind of thinking in them. (See The 10 Types of Personality Disorder)
4. What do you mean by Discounting the Positive One?
People with this kind of thinking do not neglect the positive outcome or possibility of a positive result. Instead, they tend to consider the good outcome as a part of luck. For them, if the result is good, then it is accidentally good. They never praise or consider their skill, choices, or determination as to the reason for their success. (See What is Priming Theory?)
5. How Emotional Reasoning works?
In personalization cognitive distortion, people with this thinking disorder rely solely on their emotions to make sense of things. For them, what they feel about a particular situation, thing, or person is an indicator of truth and nothing else. This pattern of thinking is mostly used by people with or without anxiety and depression. (See Uses of EMDR for Anxiety Reduction)
6. What is Mental filtering?
Among the list of thinking errors, this kind of thinking filters the positivity and retains the negativity. People with this thinking pattern focus only on the negative aspects. Such people have a feeling of hopelessness and even take extreme measures, like suicide. (See Internal Vs External Locus of Control)
7. How Mind reading is done?
People with this pattern tend to assume that they know what the other person is thinking. It is often confused with empathy, but both of these are different. According to the researchers, children have this type of thinking more than adults. (See Benefits of The Elevation Experience)
8. How Overgeneralization works?
People who overgeneralize tend to make assumptions about one event and then apply this assumption to every issue. For example, if you have a bad experience in a relationship, you conclude that every relationship will be the same. This thinking pattern is associated with people suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or other anxiety disorders. (See What is a Positive Mindset?)
9. What are the negative traits of Personalization Cognitive Distortion?
The traits of PCD are as given below.
- This pattern makes a person think that whatever happened earlier is the reason behind the present situation.
- Such a person blames himself for the circumstances even if he is not at all connected to them. He will even blame himself for things that are beyond his control.
- It also involves thinking negatively about someone else or always imagining a negative or a worse scenario.
- In personalization cognitive distortion, your tiny failure or mistake will make you feel that you are not good at anything, and another side of this thinking is that you might assume that you are intentionally ignored or excluded. For example, excluded from an outing or a function. (See Significance of CBT Anger Management Therapy)
10. How Polarized thinking works?
Such common thinking errors or incorrect patterns mean sticking to the extreme poles or ends, which means there is no balance or practical sense attached to it. According to people with this type of thinking, there is nothing in between because it is either good or bad, success or failure. People are convinced that they are destined to be successful or doomed to fail. For example, Nobita from the cartoon series Doraemon, often cries that he is doomed to be a failure, he is unlucky and nothing good can happen to him. (See How Do You Handle Difficult Situations?)
These kinds of people are far away from reality because they are sticking to the poles and not looking in the between. Therefore, this type of thinking is also known as black and white thinking or all-or-nothing thinking. Must read 8 types of good emotional support dogs.
11. What is the significance of Should statements?
People with this pattern of thinking are often trapped between should and ought. They are always struggling with whether they should do or they ought to do, they should say or they ought to say. These people are also taking their life negatively and end up with low self-esteem and high anxiety levels. Such a type of thinking is rooted in a person based on their family background, community norms, or cultural expectations. (See What to Do When You Feel Like a Failure?)
12. Are Cognitive distortions treatable?
Psychiatrist Aaron Beck was the first person to research personalization cognitive distortion. He researched through the stages while developing the treatment method known as cognitive behavioral therapy. (See Importance of Child Behavioral Psychologist)
13. What are the ways to stop Negative Thoughts?
The initial step is to identify these thoughts and then work to improvise them more towards positive thinking. You can try out the following steps.
- Read and understand yourself.
- Take a look at the distortions and identify yours.
- Try to change roles in your mind to identify the best possible thinking pattern.
- Focus and examine your thoughts and their direction.
- Try to avoid generalization.
- If you are thinking negatively about yourself regarding some situation, immediately count on the three things you did right in the same situation.
- Stop reaching conclusions without knowing the entire thing.
- Also, remove should from your sentences and mind. Instead, incorporate, I would like to, it would be great, etc. (See Benefits of Getting an Emotional Support Animal)
So, today you got to know about personalization cognitive distortion and types of cognitive distortions. It is time to spread awareness about these 10 cognitive distortions, list of thinking errors, thinking errors psychology, and common thinking errors among your friends and family. (See 20 Reasons People Break Up)