Farming is not as simple as it sounds. Climate change affects crop production. Crop manipulations help to produce more food and help the crops to sustain for a long time but could have additional effects like manipulating the surroundings. Crop manipulation may have quick and unexpected effects, such as new crops that might need a little more water than anticipated. If you are not aware of the consequences that environmental manipulation of crops causes and the dangers of environmental manipulation of crops, it may harm the environment. Here, you will learn everything from what is environmental manipulation of crops to the health risks of genetically modified crops.
1. What is Environmental Manipulation of Crops?
Crops are always dangerous when given more than what is necessary. If that happens the crops would give limited yield and the ecosystem might be harmed. Genetic modification of crops results in environmental modification. It is a technique in which genes of genetically dissimilar plants are crossed to generate genetic variations. This process is known as hybridization. It helps crops to develop natural traits. The single-stranded DNA is bonded to form double-stranded DNA and introduced into plant cells to alter the crops. Following then, cells begin to develop randomly in plant tissue. These will have an impact on plant seeds which will carry the new DNA. (See: How do Animals Cause Erosion)
2. What are the Dangers of Environmental Manipulation of Crops?
The dangers of environmental manipulation of crops are :
- There could be a difference in the farming practices.
- The use of herbicides results in the minimization of other vegetation on farmland.
- The overuse of herbicides leads to the depletion of the soil. If the crops are manipulated and the repeated use of crops with the same herbicide will affect the environment and farming.
- Overuse of insecticides also affects the environment and leads to contamination of groundwater. (See Why is Agriculture Important? )
3. List Some Health Risks of Genetically Modified Crops
Genetically modified crops involved various methods like hybridization, selection, and induced mutation to achieve the desired results. Following are the health risks of Genetically Modified crops:
- Genetic Instability: It happens in genetically engineered foods, while the insertion of a novel gene causes the possibility of non-toxic elements in the food becoming toxic.
- Allergy: The genetically modified crops lead to some allergic reactions in foods that people think are safe.
- Antibiotic Resistance: Disease-causing bacteria become resistant to antibodies thus causing infections and diseases in the human population.
- Weak Immunity: It could affect the immunity system of an Individual. There will be a significant detrimental effect on immune function if you consume genetically modified crops continuously.
- Cancer: It could also cause cancer not only in individuals but also in animals.
- Nutrition Alteration: There will be an alteration in the nutrition level, in genetically modified foods. (See How Do We Get Sick?)
4. What are the Examples of Genetically Modified Crops?
The food you consume may be made from Genetically modified crops. The following are some of the genetically modified crops produced and sold in the United States,
- Summer Squash
- Sugar Beet. (See What to Make with Truffles?)
5. Do They affect Our Environment?
Genetically modified crops do not damage the environment simply because they are genetically modified. Overuse of herbicides and pesticides causes damage to the environment and underground water contamination.
Genetically modified crops have environmental benefits as well. For example, the genetically modified insect-resistant crop requires fewer insecticides. We can also take other steps to help the environment by avoiding the use of plastic. (See: What are the Uses of Soil?)
6. Why do Farmers Manipulate Crops?
Farmers use this manipulation technique to prevent crop loss. Following are the four different reasons.
- Protect crops from damage by insects.
- Reduce in need for herbicides and pesticides.
- Helps crops grow by sustaining the climate and other crop diseases.
- To increase crop yield. (See What is Sustainability and Why is it Important?)
7. Which Country Uses the Method of Genetically Modified Crop?
Among all the countries the USA, Brazil, Argentina, India, and Canada are the largest users. The United States has the largest area among all in 2019 with 71.5 million hectares followed by Brazil with over 52.8 million hectares.
8. Where is this Technique banned?
At present at least twenty-six countries partially or completely banned GMOs, including France, Germany, Austria, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Algeria, Switzerland, and Russia. (See What Do Botanists Do?)
9. How is it Different from Other Plant Breeding?
A lot of techniques have been developed to increase the crop characteristics like growth and quality, and prevent crops from diseases, insects, and climate change. While non-GM plant breeding only works on the same species or within close genera. Other techniques are also used within plant breeding to develop a variety of cross parental boxes.
10. Does Mining Effect the Environment?
Yes, mining has harmful effects on the environment in several ways. Mining causes loss of biodiversity, water contamination, soil erosion, air pollution, and much more. It damages the landscapes and affects wildlife and the fishery. (See Why do Earthworms Come out in Rains)
Crop genetic manipulation can be used to develop a variety of crops with large yields in a short time and improve quality with long shelf life. Agronomic conditions are associated with agricultural concepts for farming and crop production. They also consider the local temperature, soil conditions, and water resources. This is most commonly used in the United States. Hope this article helps you to understand the environmental manipulation of crops, the dangers of environmental manipulation of crops, and the health risks of genetically modified crops. (See What Plants live in the Ocean?)