Many of us have seen camels, some of them have one hump and some have two humps. So, are these the same creatures? If not, then what is a one hump camel called, and is there any difference between camel and dromedary? Camels are very fascinating beings, but we have many questions related to them. Read more to find out about dromedary camel facts.
1. What is a One Hump Camel called?
A one hump camel is called the dromedary. It is a massive ungulate of the genus Camelus, with one hump on its back. It’s the tallest of the 3 species of camel. Adult males stand 1.8 to 2 m (5.9 to 6.6 ft) at the shoulder, whereas females are 1.7 to 1.9 m (5.6 to 6.2 ft) tall. Males usually weigh between 406 kgs (880 and 1,320 lb), and females weigh between 300 and 540 kgs (660 and 1,190 lb). (See What is the Largest Wolf?)
2. What are Dromedary’s distinctive features?
Besides, what is a one hump camel called, the species’ distinctive features are:
- Long, sickle-shaped neck,
- Slender chest,
- One hump, and
- Long hairs on throat, shoulders, and hump.
One more feature is that their coat is mostly a shade of brown and the hump is 20 cm (7.9 in) tall. (See 10 Interesting Facts About Sea Lions)
3. What is Dromedary’s Lifestyle like?
- Dromedaries are active mainly throughout the daytime.
- Their herds are in a group of twenty, which is led by a dominant male.
- They go after foliage and desert vegetation. Must read about the hottest desert in the World.
- They can adapt to many diversifications, like the power to tolerate losing over half of its total water content permits it to thrive in a desert surrounding.
- The pairing process happens annually and peaks within the rainy season.
- Females bear one calf after a gestation period of fifteen months. Also, check out what animal has the Longest Pregnancy?
4. What is the Difference between Camel and Dromedary?
Apart from what is a one hump camel called, there are many points that have to be read. Many people get confused between a camel and a dromedary since they’ve more similarities than differences, but it is not to say that they are the same. The difference between camel and dromedary are:
- A dromedary has one hump whereas a camel has two humps on his back. This is due to the deposition of fatty tissues.
- Their place of origin is the second point of difference. Camel originates from different parts of Central Asia, while a dromedary is native to a place like Arabian Peninsula.
- Due to their origin, camels can withstand high temperatures that can go beyond 122-degree Fahrenheit, whereas a dromedary can withstand temperatures that can go as low as below -40 degrees.
- Camels also have a lighter coat to be able to withstand the extreme heat. Dromedary has a thicker coat which helps them to withstand the extreme cold conditions.
- A dromedary has longer legs and is taller than a camel, reaching about two meters whereas a camel can reach a maximum height of one and a half meters. (See 9 Differences between Mule and Donkey)
- However, in terms of weight, a camel is heavier than a dromedary, largely due to the two big humps.
- Dromedaries are also known to be commonly more aggressive as camels are usually peaceful in nature. Also, check out the 20 largest Zoo in the World.
5. What are some Random Dromedary Camel facts?
There are some interesting facts about dromedary that might amaze you.
- They can drink up to 30 gallons of water within ten minutes.
- They have a tolerance of about 30% of their body mass for dehydration.
- They are not born with a hump and it grows as a deposition of fatty tissue and not water as a common misconception.
- They were once considered wild animals but now they are domestic and are used in continents like Asia and Africa with a desert setting as a mode of transportation. (See How strong is a Tiger compared to a Human?)