The oldest mountain belt in the world is the Barberton Greenstone Belt (Makhonjwa Mountains). These mountains are filled with volcanic rocks, ancient fossils, and gold. Also, the Great Himalayan Massif in Asia is considered to be the youngest mountain belt on Earth. Well, since we began the topic of mountains, let me ask you what country has the most mountain belts and where are most active mountain belts found? If you are not aware, let’s find the answers below.
1. What are Mountain Belts?
A group of mountain ranges that possess the same structure, form, and alignment, when linked together are known as the mountain belt or a mountain system. The mountain ranges in a mountain belt have arisen from the same cause, orogeny. The Alps, the Highlands of Scotland, and the Himalayas are all examples of mountain belts. (See What is the Difference Between Hills and Mountains?)
2. How are Mountain Belts formed?
Orogeny is the event that occurs at a convergent plate margin, probably when the motion of the plate compresses the margin. It is the primary mechanism of mountain formation on the continents. Mostly, the convergence between the two lithospheric plates continues for a longer period. The mountain belts are partly made from metamorphic rocks. Also, check out How Convection Current causes the Lithospheric Plate to move?
3. Which Countries are the Most Mountainous?
In terms of mountain masses, here is the list of the 10 countries, and the answer to what country has the most mountain belts is also included here.
- Armenia – The average area covered by the mountains is 85.9%
- Bhutan – 98.8% of the land area is covered by the mountains
- Kyrgyzstan – 90.7 % of the land area is covered under mountains
- Lebanon – About 81.1 % area is covered by mountains
- Lesotho – 90.5% of the land of the region is under mountains
- Montenegro – 89.3% area of the region is mountainous
- Nepal – 80.7% of the land is under mountains
- North Macedonia – About 85.5% of the land area is under mountains
- Switzerland – About 83.6% land area is mountainous
- Tajikistan – Being the 2nd position holder, the land of this region is 91.9% under mountains
4. What Country has the Most Mountain Belts?
Considering both, mass and height, Bhutan is the most mountainous country in the world. The parts of northern Bhutan are dominated by the Greater Himalayas. The highest point in this range is the Gangkhar Puensum, which is 24, 840 feet above sea level, and it has not yet climbed. The average height of the mountain in Bhutan is up to 10, 760 feet, and they cover about 98.8% of the total area of Bhutan. (See How do Mountains affect Dry Areas like Nevada?)
5. Which Countries have the Highest Mountain Belts?
Depending upon the average height of the mountain belts above the mean sea level, here is the list of the 10 countries with the highest mountains in the world.
- Afghanistan – Average height above the mean sea level is 6,180 feet
- Andorra – Average height of the mountains above the mean sea level is 6,550 feet
- Armenia – The average height of mountains in the region is 5,879 feet
- Bhutan – 10,760 feet is the average height of the mountains
- Chile – 6,140 feet is the average height of the mountains in the region
- China – The country has mountains with 6,035 feet
- Kyrgyzstan – Average height above sea level is 9, 805 feet
- Lesotho – Average height of the mountains above mean sea level is 7,090 feet
- Nepal – Holding the 2nd position with an average height of mountains of 10,715 feet
- Tajikistan – The country has mountains with 10,455 feet height above the sea level
6. Where is the Largest Mountain Chain Belt on Earth?
There is more to read after knowing what country has the most mountain belts. Can you tell us where is the largest mountain chain belt on Earth? The largest mountain belt is not confined to just one place on the Earth. It is widely stretched across seven nations in South Africa. The Andes Mountain belt is the longest mountain chain on the Earth that encircles the nations of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The area covered under this mountain range is 7, 000 kilometers (4, 350 miles). Also, it is a part of the Circum-Pacific chain of volcanoes also known as the Ring of Fire. (Also see 16 Snowing in the Mountains Facts)
7. Where is the Highest Peak of The Andes?
Mount Aconcagua is the highest peak of the Andes Mountain range with an elevation of about 22, 841 feet (6, 962 miles) above the mean sea level. It is in Argentina and is considered the 2nd largest mountain in the world. Must read Top 10 Major Mountain Ranges of the World.
8. What is the Highest Mountain Range in the World?
Besides learning what country has the most mountain belts, you must know that the Great Himalayas is the highest mountain range in the world. It was created as a result of the collision between the Indian and Eurasian (Europe-Asian) tectonic plates. (See 3 Agents of Metamorphism)
9. Which Country has the Highest Mountain in The World?
The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest in the Himalayas which is 8,848m in height. It is located in Nepal. Therefore, Nepal has the highest mountain in the world. Mount Everest is known to be the highest point on Earth. It is pretty interesting information after getting to know what country has the most mountain belts. Must read Why do people climb Mount Everest?
10. Which Country has the Lowest Mountain Range?
Every country more or less has an elevation, that is, it does have a mountain. However, it is not necessary that those mountains are very high or cover a large portion of the country. As Bhutan has the highest mountains, similarly, Maldives is the country with the lowest mountain range. It is just 1.8m or 6 ft above the main sea level. Its highest natural point is less than 8 feet above the main sea level. (Also see What is the Largest Man-made Lake in USA?)
11. What are Active Mountains?
There are mountains that are volcanic in nature. These volcanoes have erupted in the past or in the present and are either likely to erupt anytime soon or will erupt in the future. However, their life can vary and there is no fixed time of their eruption. These mountains form mostly along the active tectonic coastlines and above the subduction zones. (See What Landform is created when Two Continental Plates Collide?)
12. Where are Most Active Mountain Belts found?
The circum- pacific belt also known as the Ring of Fire is a path along the Pacific Ocean where frequent volcanic eruptions and earthquakes are seen. The Ring of Fire is the path where the majority of earth’s earthquakes and volcanic eruptions happen. 75% of the earth’s volcano is found here.
According to the experts and the Geo narrative tests, one of the most active volcanoes in the world is the Stromboli volcano. It is on the small Eolian Island, northern Sicily in Italy. But this Active Mountain or volcano is not alone. Italy is the house of the 2nd largest and most active volcano in the world, Mount. Etna. It is also on the same island. Mauna Loa is known to be the largest active volcano on planet earth. It is situated in Hawaii. (See Why do Shield Volcanoes have Weak Eruptions?)
The answer to what country has the most mountain belts is Bhutan. In this article, many questions are answered like where is the largest mountain chain belt on Earth, and where are most active mountain belts found? Hope you found this article helpful and insightful and also enjoyed reading it.