What are the Various Branches of Christianity?

What is Christianity? Who founded Christianity? What country has the most Christians? What’s the difference between Protestant and Catholic christians?
what are the various branches of Christianity
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Everybody has a religion. It doesn’t matter which religion you belong to, however, you might have wondered how many religions there are and even which is the most practiced religion in the world. The answer to this question comes down to Christianity. We are here to discuss all these questions along with a few more like branches of Christianity, types of Christianity, Christian denominations, and Protestant vs Catholic Churches. So, buckle up and let’s get started with all the branches of Christianity.

1. What is Christianity? Who founded Christianity?

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Christianity is a religion that is practiced the most in the entire world. There are 2.382 billion people who follow and believe in Christianity. Christianity is all about the preaching, beliefs, life, and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Since it is one of the earliest found religions, it is practiced widely around the world. Christianity as a religion is very vast and it’s important that we understand everything there is to know like the types of Christianity, Protestant vs Catholic Churches, and Christian Denominations. 

However, Christianity is not just subjective to one place. A few of the largest groups of Christianity are the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Catholic Churches, and the Protestant Churches. Although, there are also many branches of Christianity that we will be getting acquainted with as we move forward. The history of Christian churches is very vast as it consists of the essence and identity of Christianity and the early views of medieval and even modern times.

Moving on to the foundation of Christianity, we can say that it was found by Jesus of Nazareth, or Christ or The anointed one of God. Christianity came into existence in the 1st century CE. However, there is still a lot of debate on the topic. There are a few people who believe Paul to be its founder. The truth behind this is that while Jesus found this religion, Paul was the one who interpreted Christianity. He was the one who made Jesus‘s mission successful by interpreting the religion and following the sayings and beliefs. (See Was Jesus Really a Carpenter?)

2. What Country has the most Christians?

There are many countries like Europe, Russia, North America, South America, parts of Africa, and the Philippines as well where Christianity is practiced majorly in terms of religion. However, if we talk about the country where most Christians reside, it comes down to the United States. In The United States, there are about 230 million people who practice Christianity. The expected population of the Christian community in The United States could be projected to be around 260 million people by the year 2060. (See Why faith is becoming more and more popular?)

3. How many Old and New Testament Books are there?

There are about 66 short books within the Bible. These books are categorized into the New Testament books and the Old Testament books. While talking about the New Testament books, we can say that there are up to 27 of these books originally written in Greek which was later translated into other languages. Also, there are also 39 books more books that are categorized under the Old Testament books. (See 15 Most Worshipped Gods in the World)

4. What are the types of Christianity in the World? What are the Branches of Christianity?

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Talking about the types and branches of Christianity, we would begin with the types of Christianity first. There are 3 types. 

  • The Catholic Church: Roman Catholicism is another name for the Catholic Church. This type of Christianity consists of over 1.3 billion followers across the world, making it the largest type of Christianity. The term Catholic means universal. This term was first used in the year 110 CE by St. Ignatius.
  • The Orthodox Church: Another name for the Orthodox Church is the Eastern Orthodox Church. It stands second in the adherence of Christians as compared to the Catholic Church. There are approximately 220 million members spread all over the world. By following the apostolic lineage back to Jesus, the Orthodox Church claims to be the only holy, authentic, and universal church.
  • Protestantism: Protestantism is the third and by far most diverse subgroup of Christianity. This term comes from Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses, which launched the Protestant Reformation in 1517. As an Augustinian monk, Luther’s primary goal was not to leave the Catholic Church but rather to highlight perceived moral failings inside it, like the widespread indulgence trade that supported the Vatican’s extravagant lifestyle and large construction projects.

Coming down to the branches of Christianity we can say that the branches and types of Christianity are the same. There are three major branches of Christianity known as the Catholic Church or Roman Catholicism, the Orthodox Church or the Eastern Orthodox Church, and Protestantism. However, when people talk about the branches or types they tend to get confused. So whenever we are discussing either of the two terms, we would have to relate to the same thing. However, these are not the only types of branches, there are many more. Although, the ones we discussed above are the major types of Christianity. (See Who is the Strongest God of Destruction?)

5. Why does Christianity have so many denominations?

There are many different Christian denominations having more than 2 billion Christians. The list includes Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Baptist, Apostolic, Methodist, as well as more. Most denominations in Christianity can be seen in the United States since it has the largest number of Christians living there. At times this happens, that even when everybody believes in one particular thing, chances are that their perceptions and beliefs are different. When the beliefs of different people changed according to their perceptions and due to politics, denominations started getting created.

There were early splits in the denomination from 27 A.D. to 325 A.D. and the denominations explode in the year 1517 when they rapidly multiplied. Since denominations are based on perceptions and beliefs, it is possible that more denominations will arise over the years. (See What are the Teachings of Jainism and Buddhism?)

6. List of Christian Denominations and Their Beliefs

Since the branches of Christianity and the list of Christian denominations are very long, we will discuss some of the major denominations and their beliefs. We know from earlier that the major Christian denominations are Roman Catholicism, The Orthodox Church, and Protestantism, let’s begin with that.

Denominations Adherents Beliefs
The Roman Catholicism 1,187,000,000 Nicene creed
The Orthodox Church 230,000,000 Holy traditions
Protestantism 792,000,000 Priesthood of all believers

As seen before, among all the branches of Christianity, the one belonging to the Roman Catholic Church has the most adherence in the world. However, in the US, there are more Protestants than Roman Catholics. Although, you can see both the Roman Catholic Church and Protestantism following their own beliefs without causing any disharmony. Also, check out what is Eight-Day Jewish festival?

8. What’s the Difference between Protestant and Catholic Christians?

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Just like every other religion has its denominations, Christianity also does. Protesting and Catholic Christians are the two denominations among the many in Christianity. One of the facts about the authority of the Catholic Christians is that it is taken over by the Pope. However, in Protestant vs Catholic comparisons, the protestant does not have any authority or power and they regulated their own beliefs. (See How many different religions are there in the world?)

9. Christianity vs Catholicism Differences & Similarities

Just like the world comprises the countries but the countries do not comprise the world similarly, all Catholics are Christians but not all Christians are Catholics. Catholicism is one of the denominations practiced majorly among the branches of Christianity. Catholics believe in the authority of the Pope, whereas, a Christian can believe in the authority and can be part of any of the several denominations. Even though 60% of the Christians are Catholics, 100% of the Christianity denominations are Christians. (Also read Who Painted the Last Supper in the Sistine Chapel?)

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