America was made of 13 colonies which could be classified into three, one of them being the Southern Colonies. Founded by the British in the 16th century this comprised modern-day Virginia, Maryland, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. They came into existence with the sole motive of making more money through farms and plantations. Do you know what are the southern colonies government and if the Southern Colonies have self government? Also, facts about the Southern Colonies and the social structure of the Southern Colonies will be discussed among other questions in this article.
1. What are 3 Facts About the Southern Colonies?
Agriculture was the main focus and the reason for its establishment, some more facts about the Southern Colonies are:
- The laborers for the farms and plantations were indentured servants or slaves who were brought from Africa.
- Virginia was the first colony where people came to settle whereas Georgia was the last one to be founded.
- The economy of the Southern Colonies was dependent on export and agriculture.
2. Who Ruled the Southern Colonies?
The British Empire created and ruled the Southern Colonies. They had to obey the English Monarchy. The first colony that was settled, Virginia, was under King James I of England who ruled it. (See How Big is England Compared to US?)
3. What are the Southern Colonies Government?
The Southern Colonies followed the Royal or Proprietary form of government, where they are ruled directly by the English Monarchy. They were democratic and elected their own government, which included a governor, council, a court, and an assembly that catered to society. (See Why is government necessary?)
4. Did the Southern Colonies have Self Government?
The answer to whether did Southern Colonies have self-government or not is yes. The colonies were largely self-governing but they did have the British government exert power upon them. To an extent they had power but they still had to follow the orders of the English Monarchy. (See Why making Political Allies is a Key Strategy for Lobbyists?)
5. What was the Southern Colonies Society Like?
Keeping in mind what are the southern colonies government and the fact that they were mainly made for agriculture, the lands consisted of coastal plains and piedmont areas. Families were usually busy with farming and the children used to play hopscotch, marbles, or leapfrog. English was the official language but Spanish, German, and French were also spoken. (See 3 types of Native American shelters)
6. What was the Social Structure of the Southern Colonies?
Apart from knowing what are the southern colonies government, you must read the social structure of the Southern Colonies which had three classes:
- Firstly there were the planter elites who were the rich people who administered the politics and economy of the area.
- The second was the yeoman farmers who were well-off farmers who worked with their families as a unit.
- Lastly were the poor free men who were slaves brought in from Africa for work.
7. How was the Economy of the Southern Colonies?
The economy of the Southern Colonies government can be classified as an agricultural economy. The economy was dependent on exports and agriculture. Cotton, vegetables, grain, fruit, tobacco, furs, and livestock were included in this. The plantations grew cash crops such as indigo and cotton among others. (See What is a Fundamental Economic Problem?)
8. What were the 3 Types of Colonial Governments?
The three types of colonial governments classified are:
- Royal Colonies: These were colonies wherein the British crown appointed a governor and a council. The representative assembly was elected by the people.
- Proprietary Colonies: The proprietary governments are where certain colonies were given to groups or individuals by the English Monarchy to be administered.
- Self-governing Colonies: A government wherein the elected rulers have the freedom to make most decisions without referral to the colonial power.
9. What Colonies were Self Governing?
A government wherein the elected rulers have the freedom to make most decisions without referring to the British crown. Most of these self-governing colonies have a responsible government. The first colony to be self-governing was Nova Scotia. Another example is the Plymouth Colony. (See What is the difference between a Senator and a Governor, and which is higher in rank?)
10. What is the Proprietary Government?
The proprietary governments are when certain colonies were given to groups or individuals by the English Monarchy to be administered. They were granted full rights of the colony and were a form of self-government. An example of this could be Maryland under the Southern Colonies government. (See What were the Strengths of the Articles of Confederation?)
11. What was the Government Like in the Middle Colonies?
The Middle Colonies had a democratic form of government where they elected their own legislatures. The type of government was known as Proprietary and the colonies were governing the land which was granted by the King. (See Why does the Texas Constitution create a Fragmented Executive Branch?)
12. What Kind of Government did South Carolina Colony have?
The colony was initially formed as a Proprietary settlement and governed by proprietors. But as the resources of South Carolina became valuable to England, they were taken from a Proprietary Colony to a Royal Colony. (See Why is the American Flag Red, White, and Blue?)
13. What Type of Government did the North Carolina Colony have?
The province of North Carolina was what is known as a Constitutional Monarchy. It was also the first among others to instruct the delegates to vote for their independence from British rule.
America did follow the wrong system of slavery for a long time which they abolished gradually. The Southern Colony’s government was an important part of American history. The facts about the Southern Colonies also help understand the social structure and society. (See Consumer Protection Laws and Regulations USA)