What are the Names of Coldest Places on Earth?

Where are some of the Coldest Places on Earth? Is Siberian Climate Hot or Cold? Do you know about Siberian Climate Change?
Coldest Places on Earth

Some of the coldest places on earth can demolish humans but still, adventurers have discovered ways to live there. We are talking about the freezing Siberian climate which breaks thermometers, immediately freezes your skin when exposed, and can convert drops in your breath to crystals as you exhale. Such cold regions of the world have also served as research centers for influential studies. In this article, you will learn more about these hostile zones of nature and what is causing Siberian climate change.

1. Where are some of the Cold Regions of the World?

This is the list of some of the coldest places on earth.

A. Dome Fuji, Antarctica

  • The Landsat 8 satellite, whose instruments track changes on the East Antarctic ice sheet recorded a temperature of -92.3°C at Dome Fuji in 2010. It breaks the record of the Vostok station set in 1983.
  • Despite temperatures not exceeding -30°C, humanity has found ways to live and work in the area. The neighboring Dome Fuji Station was opened in 1995 to drill ice core samples to study the region’s 720,000-year paleoclimatic history. (Also read Why some people prefer winter over summer?)

B. Vostok, Antarctica

  • Despite being among the coldest places on earth it is highly exposed to the Sun. It receives over 22 sunshine hours in December.
  • In contrast, there is almost no sunlight during the polar night resulting in Vostok Research Station having the lowest annual mean temperature in comparison to all other weather stations.
  • The Soviet Union founded the station in 1957 and now it is used for research. Scientists have drilled Lake Vostok and buried it beneath the ice using ice cores and other tools. They uncovered microbes and multicellular organisms previously isolated from the rest of the planet. (See what will happen if there is no Sunlight)

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C. Dome Argus, Antarctica Plateau

  • Dome Argus is near the coldest record holder Dome Fuji. However, researchers believe that a surrounding ridge might be the coldest natural place on Earth.
  • In 2018, Infrared mapping technology was employed by a team from the University of Colorado at Boulder to search for places in eastern Antarctica with temperatures potentially below -90°C. These are found in shallow topographic depressions near the ice sheet’s highest point, at elevations of 3,800 to 4,050 meters. (Also read Does it Snow in Australia?)

D. Yakutsk, Siberia, Russia

  • Yakutsk is located entirely over permafrost. The region gets brief hot summers with the highest recorded temperature, 38.4°C in 2011.
  • It has harsh winters with temperatures going down to -64.4°C in 1891. It freezes the nearby Lena River which serves as a road during the colder months. (Also read Why Japan is Called Land of Rising Sun?)

E. Verkhoyansk, Siberia

  • Verkhoyansk is a Siberian town within the Arctic Circle. Established in 1638, it served as a political exile until 1917. It was a riverfront port and a fur-collecting station. It was the core of a reindeer-raising region.
  • It is third on the list of coldest places on earth and also the third smallest town in Russia. On top of having some of the coldest winters, its temperature widely changes throughout the seasons. In January it can be −44.7 °C (−48.5 °F) rising to 16.5 °C (61.7 °F) come July. (See 8 Sand Storms Facts)

F. Oymyakon, Siberia

  • In Siberia, Oymyakon holds the record for being the coldest permanently habitable place in the world. Despite its permanent permafrost, it is inhabited by more than 210,000 people. It is located 217 miles (350 kilometers) underneath the Arctic Circle.
  • Oymyakon’s school closes only after temperatures drop down to −61 degrees F (−52 degrees C) and inhabitants are advised to keep their cars running all day to ensure they remain in working condition.
  • Oymyakon together with Yakutsk and Verkhoyansk is part of an area formerly known as Stalin’s Death Ring because it was the prime location for political exiles in the Soviet regime. (Also read what is Cold Front)

2. Is the Siberian Climate Hot or Cold?

The climate of Siberia varies greatly but usually, it goes through brief summers and long harsh winters. Summer lasts for approximately one month on the north coast, north of the Arctic Circle. Almost all habitants own a house in the southern region, along the Trans-Siberian Railway route. (Also read What happens to the body in cold weather?)

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3. What do you Know about Siberian Climate Change?

  • The natural climate of Siberia has been degrading for over 10,000 years with increased CO2 and methane gas emissions contributing to it recently. These gasses are generated because of fires and other catastrophes increasing the pace of Global warming. (See What Is Humidity?)
  • A significant portion of land has become unusable for cultivation and development. Permafrost is melting in certain parts of Russia, putting roads and structures at risk of breaking down and potentially increasing greenhouse gas emissions. The Siberian heatwave 2020 is one such example of climate change.

Living in places with extreme climatic conditions can be difficult to get used to. It is the reason why people prefer places with moderate climatic conditions. With this list of coldest places on earth, you have gained some cool information about the way people survive and challenge nature. On the flip side, you also learned how humans are damaging nature and causing Siberian climate change. (Also read Why Do Rainbows Form?)

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