1 What is the meaning of monomer?
A monomer is a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer. Some of the examples of monomers include glucose, amino acids, vinyl chloride, and ethylene.
2 How is Glucose a monomer?
In glucose, glycosidic bonds bind sugar monomers to form polymers, such as starch, cellulose, and glycogen.
3 What is a polymer?
A polymer is a substance consisting of a long chain of amino acids forming a protein macromolecule. They are massive molecules that are made up of several repeating subunits or chains of molecules. The material properties are solely dependent upon the type of molecule on how they are bonded.
4 What are the monomers of nucleic acid called?
The monomers of nucleic acid are called nucleotides. All types of monomers are organic molecules, which means that they consist of carbon-to-carbon bonds.
5 What are the monomers of Carbohydrate lipids proteins?
The monomers of lipid are known as fatty acids, carbohydrate monomers are called monosaccharides or sugars, and protein monomers are called amino acids.
6 What is the role/function of carbohydrate lipids, proteins and nucleic acids?
As stated above, there are 4 major classes of biological macromolecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids); that bond together to form a complex structure such as polymers. Each cell plays a vital role in performing different types of functions. When these molecules are combined, they make a vast proportion of the cell's dry mass.
7 Are nucleic acids necessary?
Nucleic acids are considered to be an essential part of molecules found in all cells and viruses. As far as nucleic acid's functions are concerned, it immensely depends on the expression of genetic information and the storage. Moreover, the information the cell needs to make proteins is encoded by Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
8 Importance of Carbohydrates lipids proteins?
Carbohydrates and lipids are used for energy (glucose). Lipids contain more energy than carbohydrates. However, lipids are minorly readily digested as compared to carbohydrates. On the other hand, proteins also act as a supplement for energy, but its primary function is to build hormones and make the muscles robust.