Cactus prickly succulents have always complimented your garden area and continue to be a marvel to mankind as well as wild creatures to this day. It is a weird and thorny plant but can be a beautiful plant if your know about its types. It grows in places devoid of vegetation. You will learn today about the various desert cactus types as you continue reading the article.
1. What is Sonoran Cactus?
- This cactus is one of the desert cactus types found in the Sonoran Desert and is mainly called the Saguaro Cactus. The Sonoran Desert can be found in southeastern California, southern Arizona, and northern Mexico. It has high, dense, fluted, column stems, 18 to 24 inches in diameter. It includes several enormous branches which are bending upwards in the most characteristic morphology of all Southwestern cacti. (See How Does Cactus Grow in Desert?)
- The trunk and stems have robust two-inch spines grouped on their ribs and the surface is smooth and waxy. The outermost pulp of a saguaro may stretch like an accordion while water is absorbed in it. This grows the circumference of a stem and, in turn, increases its mass.
- Considering its weight and size, the saguaro’s root system is remarkably shallow. It is nourished by just a tap root which is merely a three-foot-long pad and has also numerous robust roots. More little roots extend radially to a length equivalent to the saguaro’s height. These roots wrap around rocks thus offering protection from the wind during loo. Must read the 8 sandstorm facts.
2. Have you Heard of the Desert Rose Cactus?
In the United States, the desert rose has been a prominent ornamental garden plant.
- Adeniums are tropical succulent plants that fall under this category. The development of a caudex or enlarged trunk distinguishes them from the rest of the class.
- The desert rose trunk expands to preserve rainwater during droughts. The health of the plant in this case is indicated by a thick trunk. A thin stem could signal that the plant needs more water.
- The natural similarity of the desert rose plant to a bonsai plant, with a low stature when mature and a tidy canopy sitting atop the graded stem, is indeed an interesting aspect of the desert rose plant. (Also read Where Did Chili Originate?)
3. What is the Sahara Cactus?
Since cactus plants are native to North America, they are unlikely to be found in the Sahara Desert. But different cactus species have indeed been brought to other parts of the world over time to harvest the growth of different desert cactus types. Must read the article on hottest desert in the World.
Most deserts in the United States are located near mountains, where they can receive a little quantity of moisture. As cacti have such little roots, this helps to keep them alive. Cacti grow in summer and circumstances comparable to those seen in the American desert. The Sahara is drier than that of the Deserts in America, and the cactus plants’ water loss is much greater due to the lack of rain. (See Why Do Potatoes Sprout?)
4. What are the Features of the Ocotillo Cactus?
The features of this species of Cactus are as follows.
- The ocotillo, being one of the most common desert cactus types is a plant that is native to the Sonoran Desert and the Chihuahuan Desert. It is also found in the Colorado Desert within the Southwestern United States (southern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas), as well as northern Mexico (as far south as Hidalgo and Guerrero). (See Do Sunflowers Grow Back Every Year?)
- Ocotillo is much more strongly linked to tea and blueberry than to cactuses, despite being semi-succulent and an arid plant.
- The plant looks to become an arrangement of huge prickly dead sticks for almost the entire year, but closer inspection shows that perhaps the stems are partially green. The plant quickly gets luxuriant in small (2 to 4 cm), oval leaves that can last for weeks and even months without rain.
- Individual ocotillo stalks are occasionally used as fences for poles in their native location, and they regularly take root to create a live fence. Ocotillo branches have indeed been utilized for canes and walking sticks because of their lightweight and unique pattern.
- Their fresh flowers have a tart flavor and are also used in salads. Tisanes are made from flowers that have been picked, dried, and used.
- Chopping or snipping newly cut bark into small pieces of 1/2 inch can be used to make a fresh bark tincture. It is reported to be beneficial for symptoms associated with fluid congestion and also to be taken further into the mesenteric lymph system via the lacteals of the short intestinal wall. Must read about the 34 medicinal plants worth your garden space.
Now you know about the different desert cactus types like Sonoran cactus, Desert rose cactus, Sahara cactus, and the Ocotillo cactus. This information would give a brief insight to you if you are a passionate plant lover. You must know that a cactus plant, despite its slow growth, is pretty much self-efficient because it retains fluids in its roots, leaves, and stems, and so controls all its food consumption. (See What Does Mulch Do?)