What are the 3 Types of History?

What is History? How many types of History exist? Who divided History into three parts? What is the difference between primary and secondary sources?
what are the 3 types of history
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There are many different types of history. Some people might think that all history is the same, but that’s not true. There are specific 3 types of history, each telling a unique story. Each type of history has its purpose, and each is important in its own way. Today, we’re going to look at some of the different types of history out there and the primary sources of history. We’ll learn about their purpose and what makes them unique. So, let’s get started!

1. What is History?

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Viewed most simply, history is the study of the past. It can encompass personal narratives to grand events that shaped entire civilizations. But at its core, history is about understanding how and why things have changed. This can be done by looking at written records, artifacts, architecture, oral traditions, and anything else that can provide clues about the past. But historians also use these primary sources to interpret the past differently. This makes 3 types of history such a dynamic and endlessly fascinating field of study. (See What are Some Examples of Artifacts?)

2. How many Types of History exist?

There are six types of history:

  • Political history: Political history is the study of the development of political institutions and systems and the analysis of political thought and behavior. It covers a wide range of topics, from the origins of government and democracy to the impact of war on politics. Political historians often focus on specific countries or regions, but some also examine broader global trends. In addition to analyzing events and figures, they may also explore how people have expressed their political beliefs through art, music, or literature.
  • Diplomatic History: Diplomatic history studies the relationships between nation-states, especially through the medium of diplomacy. It covers treaties, negotiations, international law, espionage, and foreign policy. Diplomatic historians often use primary sources such as government documents and letters to piece together how individual states interacted with one another over time.
  • Cultural History: Cultural history studies everyday life and how it has been shaped by the larger forces of society, economics, and politics. While traditional history focuses on wars and political events, cultural history looks at the lived experience of ordinary people. It asks questions like: how did people live their everyday lives? What were their beliefs and customs? What did they eat and wear? How did they spend their leisure time? 
  • Social History: Social history focuses on the lived experiences of ordinary people in the past. It sheds light on people’s everyday choices and decisions and how those choices affect their lives. Social history can be used to understand various topics, including family life, work, leisure pursuits, religion, and health. It can also help us to understand how historical events impacted ordinary people. For example, we might use social history to study the effects of the Industrial Revolution on working-class women in England or the impact of World War II on French peasants. To know more about it, check out what were some negative effects of the Industrial Revolution?
  • Economic History: Economic history studies how economies have evolved over time. It looks at factors such as population growth, technological progress, trade and commerce changes, empires’ rise and fall, and more. Economic historians ask some key questions, how did different societies organize their economies? What caused economic growth or decline? Why do some countries experience periods of prosperity while others don’t? And what can we learn from past economic experiences to help shape our future?
  • Intellectual History: Intellectual history studies ideas and their development over time. It covers various topics, from philosophy to political theory to the arts. It often intersects with other fields of study, such as history, sociology, anthropology, and religious studies. Some might argue that intellectual history is the most important kind of history, as it deals with the things that make us human; our thoughts, beliefs, and values. It can help us understand how we’ve become who we are today and show us where we might be heading in the future.

3. Who divided history into Three Parts?

James Mill, a Scottish philosopher-historian is credited with dividing history into three parts: ancient, medieval, and modern. This division is still used by many historians today. (See What were King Philip II of Spain Accomplishments?)

4. What are The 3 Types of History? What are the three main branches of History?

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Here are the 3 types of history:

A. Medieval History

This particular type of history covers the period from the 5th to the 15th, focusing on Europe. Many important events shaped the world as we know it today during this time. From the fall of the Western Roman Empire to the rise of powerful empires like the Ottoman Turks and Spanish Habsburgs, there was plenty of drama during this period.

If you’re interested in learning more about medieval history, there are plenty of resources. You can start by checking out some books or articles on the subject. Alternatively, you can visit some websites that specialize in medieval history. (See What does 4 score and 7 years ago mean?)

B. Modern History

Modern history is the period from the end of the Middle Ages to the present day. This era covers a large number of events and changes that have taken place in world affairs. Some of modern history’s most important and well-known events include World War I, World War II, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Space Race. Additionally, there have been many significant changes in technology and society. For example, automobiles went from being a luxury item to becoming a common form of transportation, communication shifted from letters to texting and social media, and medical treatments went from using leeches to performing heart surgery. Must read how did Alliances lead to World War 1?

C. Art History

Among the 3 types of history, art history studies international culture through the lens of artistic production. It encompasses a wide range of different periods, cultures, and media. Art can be a window into another time or place, telling us stories about the people who created it. It can move us emotionally, challenge our beliefs, and make us think about the world in new ways. Also, check out who painted the last supper in the Sistine Chapel?

5. What are 5 different Primary sources of History?

There are a variety of primary sources of history that historians use to study and understand 3 types of history. Here are 5 of the most common types of primary sources:

  • Written documents can include anything from court records and minutes to diaries, letters, and even maps.
  • Physical artifacts can encompass anything from buildings and works of art to clothing, coins, and tools.
  • Oral traditions include stories, songs, and folklore passed down through generations.
  • Historians often conduct interviews with people who have first-hand knowledge about an event or period.
  • Archived materials can include things like newspapers, census data, weather reports, and more. Must read how is Culture transmitted from one generation to another?

6. What is the difference between Primary and Secondary Sources?

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One difference between primary and secondary sources of history is that primary sources are more original and closer to the event, while secondary sources do not have direct involvement. For example, if you’re studying the American Revolution, a primary source would be a letter written by John Adams during the revolution. In contrast, a secondary source would be a history book written 50 years later.

Another difference between primary and secondary sources is that primary sources can be used to provide evidence for an argument, while secondary sources cannot. For example, if you’re writing a paper about the American Revolution, you could use quotes from John Adams’ letter to support your argument. But you couldn’t use a history book written 50 years later to support your argument. (See How would you Explain the Rise of Napoleon?)

We’ve looked at the three types of history where each has its unique perspective and can offer insights into our world today. Do you think it’s important to learn about all primary sources of history? What type of history among the 3 types of history do you focus on most?

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