Are you fond of necklaces and pendants? Do you believe in astrologers who are known to predict your future before you get to know it and the gemstones recommended by them? Talking of gemstones, the ruby is one of the most precious gemstones. But ever thought, what are rubies made of? Continue reading to know about rubies.
1. Why are Rubies Red?
Ever thought about why are rubies red, or what substance gives them this attractive color?
Actually, rubies consist of two prime components, mineral corundum, and aluminum oxide, due to the extreme heat and pressure inside the Earth’s surface. Corundum is made of oxygen and aluminum atoms. These conditions result in a colorless material that also enables the stone to inhibit the other colors available such as chromium, thus giving it a deep red attractive color. So the answer to what are rubies made of gives them such an elegant look and color that are very rare in itself. (See What is a Mood Ring?)
2. Where do Rubies form?
Apart from what are rubies made of, you should know that ruby is formed inside the Earth’s surface, but there are several denying agents like silica and iron present in the crust of the Earth that do not let the ruby to be formed easily. Moreover, the main component, corundum, is also rarely found. This is one of the prime reasons for rubies being so seldom formed. Must read the article what are the 6 layers of the Earth?
However, most rubies are found in Myanmar, Thailand, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and the Himalayas Mountains border. The ruby deposits have even been detected in Madagascar, Macedonia, and Montana. (Also read Where does Sea Glass come from?)
3. What are the features of Natural Rubies?
Natural rubies differ from processed ones as many natural factors contribute to the irregular shape and texture of the natural rubies. The following inclusions that can be detected in natural rubies also give you a complete idea of what are rubies made of. (See What is a Chuckwagon?)
- Rubies have some fine fiber-like linings found in clusters which may cause the ruby to whiten and lessen the red color of the gem.
- The crystal-like structure including small grains and sometimes pinpoints embedded inside the raw natural rubies, affects the ruby’s red color.
- Sometimes, you get to see a needle-like glassy structure in the rubies. These highly affect the light performance of the gem.
- There may often be cracks or fissures visible in the ruby due to the high pressure of the Earth’s surface. They give a feather-like appearance on the gem’s surface.
- Other inclusions include cavities, scratches, abrasions, and fingerprints on the surface area. (See Why is Europe called the Peninsula of Peninsulas?)
4. What are Burmese Rubies?
There are various types of ruby found and distinguished according to their origin. You can find Burmese rubies in Burma (Myanmar), which is famous for the rich red color of the gem. Moreover, the Burmese ruby is hard enough to fit best in jewelry making.
- They are mined particularly in Afghanistan, India, Mozambique, and Tajikistan.
- Burmese ruby is also known as the Pigeon’s Blood Ruby.
- The rich red color is possible due to the lack of iron content in the Earth’s crust of these places.
- These rubies can have the highest worth of $100,000 for each carat. However, their general pricing ranges from $300 to $3000 per carat. (Also read Where is Obsidian Found?)
4. What are Thai Rubies?
Thai rubies, as the name suggests, are mined in Thailand.
- They are generally of high quality and are well-made expensive rubies used for jewelry making.
- It all started in the 15th century, and now the mining stations are typically located in Trat, Chanthaburi, and Kanchanaburi provinces.
- Thai rubies have a brownish-red hue and possess a fluorescent quality when seen under UV light. Thai ruby had been depleted way back during the 1980s.
However, working on rubies has significantly made Thai a place of expert ruby crafters, making it the main ruby crafting hub. (Also read Does Every Oyster Have a Pearl?)
5. What are Rubies used for?
Rubies are expensive and have price tags more than those diamonds. You already read what are rubies made of, but do you know, what are rubies used for? Below are some uses of rubies. Also, check out, who invented the sticky note?
- Ancient Use: Rubies have been used for ages and have been mentioned in several mythologies, thus making them important. Rubies are believed to have astrological effects in focusing energy and protecting the ruby beholder from all the negative energies and thoughts.
- Physical Benefits: Rubies help clear thinking by helping the subconscious mind coordinate with the conscious mind helping with both physical and psychological. They have medicinal effects in cleaning the blood, various kinds of infection, fertility improvement, and promoting wealth, thus decreasing the amount of starvation.
- Laser: Rubies can be efficiently used in Raser Technologies as they can concentrate light at high intensities, thus imparting the red color to the laser lights. Ruby lasers also help in tattoo removal.
- Jewelry: The rich red color of the rubies makes them attractive enough to be worn as earrings and necklaces. Some even wear them as pendants. Being the July Birthstone, ruby is often preferred by the people born in July. (See Why do People love gold?)
Rubies are mostly used for expensive products. This is because of the method of manufacture and the time needed for a single carat to be formed. According to what are rubies made of, the price tags and origin of rubies vary. Rubies are thus much costlier than gold and diamonds. (See How Cranes Work?)