What are Main Habitats of Plants? 

What are the Various Plant Habitats? What exactly is Habitat in Biology? Why do Plants grow Best in their Natural Habitat?
what are main habitats of plants
Photo by Jan Canty on Unsplash

Plants are necessary for any environment because they can obtain energy directly from sunlight and provide us oxygen in return. They use photosynthesis to grow and reproduce by utilizing energy from the sun. They also require soil nutrients. The size of your eco dome determines the amount of space available to your plants. Plants are living organisms because they develop, and absorb nutrition. Like humans, there are types of habitats for plants, and today we will answer what are main habitats of plants and how plants grow best in their natural habitat. So, continue reading the article to know about it.

1. What is Habitat and its Type?

Habitat and its type is an environment in which an organism lives. A habitat encompasses all living and nonliving environmental components or circumstances. Almost every location on Earth, from the hottest desert to the coldest ice pack, supports some form of life.

The two major types of habitats are:

  • Terrestrial habitats or land habitats
  • Aquatic habitats or water habitats

2. What are the 5 Major Habitats?

Grasslands: what are main habitats of plants 4
Photo by Thomas Bennie on Unsplash

The 5 major habitats and its type are:

  • Aquatic: Freshwater and marine biomes are both included in aquatic biomes. Freshwater biomes are bodies of water surrounded by plants. Marine biomes make up around 75% of the surface of the Earth.
  • Grasslands: Grasslands are open areas with a warm, dry environment that are dominated by grass. The two types of grasslands are temperate grasslands and tropical grasslands, which are also referred to as savannas. Savannas can feature a few scattered trees and are situated closer to the equator. In addition to sections of Australia, India, and South America, they cover more than half of Africa, North America, and Russia, which are located further away from the equator.
  • Forests: Forests, which cover around one-third of the Earth, are dominated by trees. Forests are home to a large proportion of the world’s terrestrial species, including insects, birds, and mammals. The three major forest biomes (also known as the taiga) are temperate forests, tropical forests, and boreal forests. As these forest kinds occur at different latitudes, they have different climatic conditions. Tropical forests are found around the equator and are warm and humid. Temperate woods occur at higher latitudes and have all four seasons. Boreal woods are found at even higher latitudes and have the coldest and driest environment, with most precipitation falling as snow.
  • Desert: Deserts are dry locations with an annual rainfall of less than 50 cm (20 inches). They cover roughly 20% of the Earth’s surface. Deserts can be cold or hot, although the majority of them are found in subtropical climates. Deserts do not have as much biodiversity as other biomes due to their harsh circumstances. Reptiles and tiny animals make up the majority of desert biodiversity. Deserts are classified into four types based on their geographical location or climatic conditions: hot and dry, semiarid, coastal, and cold.
  • Tundra: A tundra has the coldest measured temperatures of any of the five major biomes, with average yearly temperatures ranging from -34 to 12 degrees Celsius (-29 to 54 degrees Fahrenheit). They also have minimal precipitation, with an average of 15 to 25 centimeters (six to ten inches) each year, as well as weak soil nutrients and short summers. Tundra is classified into two types: arctic and alpine. The tundra has little biodiversity, and the vegetation is basic, consisting of shrubs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. This is due in part to permafrost, a frozen layer beneath the soil’s surface.

3. What are Examples of Habitats?

Examples of habitats are:

  • Meadow
  • Woodland
  • Ocean
  • Seashore
  • Micro habitats
  • Extreme habitats
  • Volcanoes

4. What is the Habitat of a Plant?

Green plants
Photo by Chris Abney on Unsplash

Different plants require different levels of air and soil moisture, sunshine, temperature range, and soil type. These environmental or abiotic (non-living) elements influence the plants to thrive and survive in a given location. Plants, in turn, offer the habitat’s living structure, whether it’s a hardwood forest, oak savanna, tall-grass prairie, or sedge meadow. The dominant plants in a habitat influence the ecosystem.

Woodland trees, for example, provide shade and may increase soil moisture, allowing other plants to grow there. The entire plant community sustains the diversity of other creatures within that community, such as mammals, fungi, and microorganisms. In the upcoming segment, you will read what are main habitats of plants are. (See What plants live in the oceans?)

5. What are Main Habitats of Plants?

Terrestrial or land-based habitats and aquatic or water-based habitats are the two basic categories. Some instances of terrestrial environments are rainforests, plains, meadows, arctic, and hills. (See Which Biome receives 200 to 400 cm of Rain?)

6. What are the Different Types of Habitats for Plants?

What are main habitats of plants? Habitats can be divided into two broad categories based on where plants grow:

  • Aquatic: Aquatic plants or hydrophytes are plants that live in water.
  • Terrestrial: Terrestrial plants are plants that grow on land.

7. What are the 3 Types of Plant Habitats?

what are main habitats of plants 2
Photo by Mattia Bericchia on Unsplash

The 3 types of habitats for plants are:

  • Aquatic habitats
  • Grassland habitats
  • Desert habitats

8. Why do Plants grow Best in their Natural Habitat?

As you know what are main habitats of plants are, let’s see why plants grow best in their natural habitat. It is because their basic needs are met organically. Plants just like animals require air, water, and food to survive. They require water, specific nutrients, and environmental conditions to grow. Photosynthesis is a process that is solely carried out by plants and is responsible for the generation of food in the form of glucose. And respiration refers to the technique by which this stored glucose is released while carrying out metabolic functions. Also, check out why plants in the tundra retain their dead leaves?

9. What are the Habitats of Flowering Plants?

Besides wondering what are main habitats of plants are, note that the flowering plants have invaded nearly every ecosystem on the planet, from sun-baked deserts and windswept alpine tops to fertile grasslands, freshwater marshes, deep forests, and lush mountain meadows. Although many blooming plants thrive in aquatic settings and have evolved to the saline conditions of salt marshes and dry lake beds, only a few species live submerged in the oceans. 

True marine angiosperms are found throughout the world’s oceans, while the majority of species are located in tropical areas. They include roughly 50 species in 12 genera and are commonly referred to as seagrasses. Must read about Hydroponics: plants that grow in water only.

10. What is the Habitat for Plants and Animals?

plant habitat picture: what are main habitats of plants 1
Photo by Pat Whelen on Unsplash

What are main habitats of plants and animals? The habitats for plants and animals include woodlands, grasslands, forests, and deserts. Tropical rainforests support the highest diversity of living organisms on the planet. Despite covering less than 2% of the Earth’s surface, rainforests are home to more than 50% of all plants and animals found on earth. (See Which Factors Exert the Greatest Influence over Terrestrial Biome?)

11. What is Habitat in Biology?

A habitat is a geographical area in which an organism (plants, animals, or humans) lives. Habitat provides all of the environmental conditions necessary for an organism to exist.

12. Why is Habitat important?

Habitat is important because many organisms, including animals, birds, and plants, rely on it for air, food, water, shelter, and other survival necessities. (See How has the removal of wetlands impacted rivers and streams?)

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