The solar system is full of various heavenly bodies. Not one of the two heavenly bodies is the same as the other. Every planet, star, meteor, etc. have its properties. While we are on the topic, I will tell you about the weight of an object on the moon. Along with it, you will also get to know about the weight on moon calculator and the weight of an object on the surface of moon.
It is most popularly known as the natural satellite of the Earth. It is about one-quarter of the earth’s size. The Moon is a planetary object that has formed a differentiated rocky body, which is why it is considered a satellite planet. Moon orbits around the earth. The moon is a non-luminous body, and it shines because it reflects the light of the sun. Also, check out how many times bigger is Earth than the Moon?
2. Physical Characteristics of Moon
The size, mass, density, temperature, and distance from the Earth are all the factors defining the characteristics of the moon.
- Size includes the diameter which is about 2162 m (3479 km).
- The mass of the moon is about 1/80 of the total mass of the Earth, which means it is 7.34767309 × 1022 kilograms.
- The density of the moon is about 3340 kg /m³.
- The temperature on the surface of the moon is 107° Celsius (Fahrenheit) during the day. A temperature this high is enough to boil all the water on the earth. While at night the temperature drastically falls to -153° Celsius (Fahrenheit).
- Distance from the earth is approximately 239, 000 m (384,400 Km). (See What are Physical Features in Geography?)
3. Motion of Moon
Before moving towards the weight of an object on the moon, understand its motion. The moon revolves around the Earth in an elliptical orbit. It completes one revolution in 27.3 days. We can only see one side of the moon from the earth. The reason behind witnessing different phases of the moon is the angle of the Sun on the Moon. Thus, you can see different portions or phases of the moon. Also, check out what is Revolution and Rotation?
4. Gravity of Moon
Moon is smaller and therefore it has 1/6th the gravity of the earth. Also, check out where is the Center of the Earth Located?
5. Reason for Causing Tides
The gravitational force of the moon affects the Earth in such a way that the oceans are pulled towards the moon. This pulling and pushing of oceans by the moon and earth cause tides. The Sun is also responsible for causing tides because you can witness the highest tides when the Sun and the Moon are aligned. This alignment happens on a full moon and a new moon. (See How Convection Current causes the Lithospheric Plate to move?)
6. Definition of Mass and Weight
The quantity of matter in a body or the body’s inertia is known as mass. The weight of an object is the force acting on it due to gravitational force. In simple words, the force of attraction of the earth on an object is known as the weight of the object. Weight is denoted by W and mass is denoted by m. (See How much is a Meteorite Worth per pound?)
7. Weight of an Object on the Moon
The moon has less gravitational force than the earth, therefore the force exerted by the moon to attract things is also lower than earth. This is the reason the weight of any object, person, or thing will be less on the moon. For example, a cabinet weighs about 110 pounds (50 kilograms) on earth, but its weight on the moon will only be 18.33 pounds (40.41 kilograms). (See In The Airline World, How Is 23 Kg Equal To 50 Pounds?)
8. Weight of an Object on the Surface of Moon
The gravitational force by which the moon is attracting the object to its surface is the weight of an object on its surface. Since the moon is exerting fewer pressures the weight of the object will be floating on the surface. This is the reason why astronauts float on the surface of the moon. (See Weight of Earth and Moon)
9. Weight on Moon Calculator
To find the weight of the object on the moon you can use the universal law of gravitation or Newton’s law of universal gravitation. The formula states Wm = (G × M × m × m) / (R²m).
Let’s say the weight of an object is 10 N on earth. To calculate it another way, we have,
- Weight of an object on the moon (Wm) = (1/6) × (its weight on the earth).
- Wm = We/6
- Wm= 10N/6
- Wm= 1.67 N will be the weight of the object on the moon. (See How many grams are in 1 pound?)
Or, you can use the online weight on moon calculator as shown below. You have to give the input of Earth’s weight (EW) to get the Moon’s weight (MW).
10. Calculating Density of Moon
To calculate the density of moon, use the basic formula of density:
Density = mass/volume, (d=m/v)
The volume of the sphere = 4/3 times pi of its radius cubed, V = ( 4πr³)/3. Must read what are the types of functions?
So, today you got to know about the weight of an object on the moon and the weight on moon calculator. Now share the weight of an object on the surface of moon with your friends and family and ask what their weight would be on the moon. (Also read What is the Third Planet closest to the Sun?)