There are more disorders than the very population of us human beings as a whole, and then there are personality disorders. Studies and experiments in the medical field have never stopped working on them since scientists and doctors discovered there are personality disorders present in a large chunk of the population. So today, with this article, we’ll be discussing some notified types of personality disorder along with the reasons and treatments for personality disorder problems.
Reasons for Personality Disorders
Just as each person’s experience with a personality disorder is different, so are the reasons. There’s no obvious explanation for why some people experience the feelings and behaviors linked with personality disorders while others do not. The majority of scholars feel that a complicated combination of elements observed in the types of personality disorder, such as:
- Social and environmental conditions: Your personal development can be influenced by the environment and social situations in which you grow up and the level of care you get.
- Early life experiences: Our early life experiences might impact your personality later in life. If you had a tough upbringing, you might have evolved particular views about how others think or act and how relationships operate. It can lead to the development of coping methods that may have been required when you were a youngster but aren’t always effective in adulthood.
- Genetic factors: Personality is a complicated subject, and researchers are still learning more about what makes you who you are and how genes play a role in this. Some aspects of your personality are most definitely inherited. For example, babies have diverse temperaments regarding how busy they are, their attention span, and how they react to change.
After having the nitty-gritty about one of the delicate topics, let’s learn about various types of personality disorder depending on three categories: anxiety, suspicion, and emotion and impulse.
A. Anxiety Problems
The behaviors associated with these diseases are fueled by anxiety and dread. Here are the specifics:
1. Avoidant Personality Disorder (APD)
You all have things, places, or people that you dislike or make you uneasy. It is known as an avoidant personality disorder. However, if these things cause you so much worry that you can’t keep your relationships together, you might be diagnosed with avoidant personality disorder (sometimes also called anxious personality disorder). You might feel the following:
- You want to stay away from jobs or social activities that need you to interact with other people.
- You expect and be sensitive to criticism and disapproval.
- You are being continually concerned about being found out and rejected.
- Also, you are concerned about being ridiculed or disgraced by others.
- You avoid relationships, friendships, and intimacy because you are afraid of rejection.
- You feel lonely and alone, as well as inferior to others.
- You feel scared of embarrassment and you don’t try new activities.
2. Dependent Personality Disorder
It’s natural to require the care or comfort of others occasionally. A good balance necessitates the ability to rely on others while yet being self-sufficient at times. However, you may be diagnosed with a dependent personality disorder if your sentiments and ideas about requiring others become so overwhelming that they interfere with your everyday life and relationships. You might feel the following:
- You may feel dependent, weak, and unable to make decisions or function day-to-day without the help or support of others.
- You allow or require others to take responsibility for many aspects of your life.
- You also agree to things you believe are wrong or dislike to avoid being alone or losing someone’s support. (See Woes of the Bored and Lonely Mind)
- You may be terrified of being left to fend for yourself.
- You might be underestimating yourself in light of others’ capabilities.
- You may feel your self-confidence level will be steep.
3. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is distinct from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), a behavioral problem rather than a personality condition. OCPD, like OCD, is characterized by perfectionism, a desire for control, and a substantial inability to think about things flexibly. You could have the following thoughts:
- You feel and need to have everything in order and under control.
- You set excessively high expectations for yourself and others.
- You believe your method of doing things is the best way to do things.
- Also, you worry about making errors yourself or others.
- You feel very worried if things aren’t perfect.
B. Suspicion Problems
According to Mental Health America (MHA), these diseases are characterized by unique and eccentric conduct. Depending on this, types of personality disorder are listed below:
1. Paranoid Personality Disorder
Paranoia-related thoughts, feelings, and experiences may drive you to have some unusual behaviors. It is one of the common types of personality disorder.
- You may have trouble confiding in others, even friends and family.
- You may have difficulty trusting others, feeling they will use or exploit you.
- You may have trouble relaxing. (See Why do type A personalities get stressed?)
- You may interpret threats and danger (that others don’t perceive) into ordinary circumstances, harmless statements, or casual looks from others.
It might become a major issue in your life when you are diagnosed with a paranoid personality disorder.
2. Schizoid Personality Disorder
Many people who have schizoid personality disorder can operate rather effectively. You would not normally experience psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. However, you may experience the following as a result of the thoughts and feelings that come with this diagnosis:
- You have trouble building strong connections with others.
- You may like to live a life free of others’ influence.
- Also, you prefer to be alone with your own thoughts.
- You do not find enjoyment in many activities.
- You have no interest in sex or intimacy.
- Moreover, you have difficulties relating to or are emotionally cold towards others. (Also read Why do some people think french people are cold?)
3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Everyone has quirks or strange habits. However, a schizotypal personality disorder may be diagnosed if your thought and behavior patterns make relating to others extremely challenging. Psychosis is rarely experienced, unlike schizophrenia. You may experience thoughts as follows:
- You have distorted thoughts or perceptions.
- You find it difficult to form close relationships. (Also read What is an Unhealthy Relationship?)
- You think and express yourself in ways that others find odd, using unusual words or phrases, making relating to others difficult.
- You believe that you can read minds or have special powers such as a sixth sense.
- Also, you may feel anxious and tense around others who do not share these beliefs.
- Moreover, you also may feel very anxious and paranoid in social situations, finding it difficult to relate to others.
C. Emotional and Impulsivity Problems
Emotional, dramatic, or unpredictable conduct are hallmarks of many diseases, including some types of personality disorder. Among the many examples, the following are a few types of personality disorders:
1. Antisocial Personality Disorder
It’s normal for you to prioritize your desires, pleasures, or personal gain over the needs of others. Suppose you behave impulsively out of anger or a lack of regard for others every day and struggle to maintain stability in your life. In that case, you may be diagnosed with an antisocial type out of the other types of personality disorder. You might feel the following personality disorder problems:
- You take risky decisions for yourselves and others without caring about the results.
- Frivolous behavior can even be penalized.
- Abnormal behavior may tense the people nearby.
- You get bored easily and act on impulse. For example, you may find it difficult to hold down a job for long.
- You might be selfish while seeking your needs, even if it hurts others’ sentiments.
- You experience utter aggressive behavior to getting into fights.
- You might lack empathy towards others, like guilt or shame for mistreating them.
- You had a conduct disorder diagnosis before the age of 15. (See Nature of a Whiny Child)
2. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder (EUPD) is another term for borderline personality disorder (BPD). Relationships, self-image, and emotions may all be challenging for us. However, if these feelings are persistently unstable or severe and cause you considerable issues in everyday life, you may be diagnosed with BPD/EUPD. This one of the types of personality disorder might come with the following feelings:
- You fear that people will forsake you and will either do whatever to prevent this or will drive them away.
- You are having a lot of strong feelings that fluctuate a lot (for example, from feeling very happy and confident in the morning to feeling low and sad in the afternoon).
- You don’t have a clear sense of who you are or what you want.
- Your thoughts change a lot depending on whom you’re with.
- You find it difficult to form and maintain strong friendships or partnerships.
- You act rashly and do things that may be harmful to you (such as binge-eating, using drugs, or driving dangerously).
- You are experiencing suicidal ideation.
- You attempt self-harm on a number of occasions.
- You have feelings of emptiness and loneliness.
- You become enraged and find it difficult to control your rage.
- You have a hard time trusting others.
- You have additional mental health issues in addition to BPD, such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
When you’re feeling very worried, you may:
- You may feel paranoid.
- You may experience psychic disturbances like hallucinating visions and sounds.
- You may feel numb or zoned out and have trouble remembering events after they’ve occurred (known as dissociation).
BPD is the most frequent personality disorder nowadays. There are further types of borderline personality disorder (BPD) due to the diversity it holds.
3. Histrionic Personality Disorder
Most individuals appreciate compliments and positive comments on one’s conduct. However, you may be diagnosed with a histrionic personality disorder if you place a high value on being recognized or seeking acceptance to the point that it interferes with your daily life. It is one of the types of personality disorder not many people know about. You may relate to the following:
- You may feel incredibly uncomfortable if you’re not the center of attention. (Also read Why are some people are attention seekers?)
- You have the impression that you must amuse others.
- You constantly seek or feel reliant on other people’s approval, making hasty judgments.
- You flirt or act/dress provocatively to keep the spotlight on you.
- You acquire a reputation for being overly theatrical and emotional.
- You allow people to sway you easily.
4. Narcissistic Personality Disorder
It’s in your nature to be conscious of your own needs, communicate them, and want people to be aware of your talents and accomplishments. These aren’t always undesirable characteristics. You may be diagnosed with a narcissistic personality disorder if your beliefs, feelings, and behaviors are extremely excessive and lead you to have trouble connecting to others. You might have the following thoughts:
- You think you are unique, superior, or more deserving than others for various reasons.
- You have a shaky sense of self-worth, relying on others to acknowledge your value and requirements.
- You become irritated when others neglect you and don’t give you what you believe you deserve.
- You resent other people’s accomplishments.
- You prioritize your needs over those of others and insist that they do the same. (Also read What Makes a Person a Narcissist?)
Personality disorders are normal in many people. Cultural influences, societal problems, upbringing, or any other issue with the mental state are the reasons for the different types of personality disorder. Seeking help for such problems is very normal. Share your stories in the comment section below if you were the one or have some acquaintance with these problems. (Also read 21 Most Satisfying Ways To Truly Pamper Yourself)