The inventions of the Industrial Revolution remodeled the US and Great Britain during the 18th and 19th centuries. Tremendous advancements in science and technology helped Great Britain become the world’s dominant economic and political power. In the United States, it led to the young nation’s westward expansion and acquisition of immense fortunes. Read the most important inventions of the industrial revolution here.
1. The Electric Bulb
British innovations utilized its coal, steam, and water to help Great Britain dominate the textile market worldwide during the mid-1770s. While various advancements were made in different fields, including chemistry, marketing, and modes of transportation; it allowed the United States to expand and fund its economy globally.
The American Industrial Revolution started soon after the Civil war when the U.S began to improve its infrastructure. The inventions of railroads and steamboats helped in the expansion of trades. The invention of the electric bulb helped the country personally as well as in business. Despite all the inventions of that time, all work was still dependent on natural light until Albert Einstein invented the light bulb. This invention led to factories being illuminated even at night times. The shift hours increased along with the production rates. (See Who Discovered Electricity?)
2. Forms of Communication
As the population of both the US and the UK began to increase exponentially, it was necessary to invent modes of communication to keep up the growth pace. Inventing modes of communication was one of the most important inventions of the industrial revolution. One of the first industrial revolution inventions is the telegraph, which was later perfected by Samuel Morse. Morse introduced the Morse code, a series of dots and dashes that could be transmitted electrically. Although the Morse code had already been invented, it was not until 1844 that the telegraph service first opened between Baltimore and Washington DC.
As the rail framework extended in the U.S., the telegraph followed along, in a real sense. Rail terminals served as transmit stations, carrying news to the remote areas. Transmit signals started streaming across the United States. Furthermore, it expanded in the U.K in 1866 with Cyrus Field’s first-ever transatlantic telegraph line.
In the next decade, the Scottish inventor, Alexander Graham Bell, working in the U.S. with Thomas Watson, gained a patent for the phone in 1876. This was also one of the most important inventions of the industrial revolution. (Also read 9 Funny Prank Call Ideas)
Thomas Edison, who made various innovations and developments during the 1800s, added to the revolution in the communications field by designing the phonograph in 1876. The phonograph utilized paper cylinders that were covered with wax to record sound. Records were initially made out of metal and later shellac.
In Italy, Enrico Marconi made his first fruitful radio wave transmission in 1895, paving the path for the radio’s invention in the following century. This was one of the most important inventions of the industrial revolution.
3. Types of Transportation
Water had been utilized to control straightforward machines, for example, grain plants and material spinners. However, the Scottish creator, James Watt’s refinements to the steam motor in 1775 led to the launch of the revolution. Up until that point, such motors were unrefined, wasteful, and inconsistent. Watt’s first motors were utilized principally to siphon water and air in and out of mines. The advancement of remarkable, productive motors which would work under higher pressure factors and produce yield led to better types of transportation as well.
Robert Fulton was a designer and innovator who had gotten captivated with Watt’s motor while living in France at the turn of the nineteenth century. Following a rather long period of testing in Paris, he returned to the U.S. Later on, Fulton introduced the Clermont in 1807 on the Hudson Waterway in New York. It was the first industrially practical steamer line in the country making it one of the most important inventions of the industrial revolution.
As the country’s waterways started opening to route, business extended alongside the populace. Another new type of transportation, the railroad depended on steam to drive the trains. First in England and afterward in the U.S., rail lines started showing up during the 1820s. By 1869, the first-ever transcontinental rail line connected the coasts.
If the 19th century was for steam, the 20th century had a place with the inward burning motor. American innovator George Brayton created the principal fluid that energized interior ignition motor in 1872. During the following twenty years, German designers, including Karl Benz and Rudolf Diesel, made further advancements. When Henry Passage revealed his Model T vehicle in 1908, the interior ignition motor was ready to change the country’s transportation framework along with 20th-century ventures like oil and avionics. (See How the invention of cars affected the economy?)
4. Industry Reforms
In 1794, the American industrialist, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin which automated the process of eliminating seeds from cotton, something that was previously done by hand. In any case, what made Whitney’s creation especially exceptional was its interchangeable components. If one component broke, it could effortlessly be replaced by another economical duplicate. This made preparing cotton less expensive, and thus creating new business avenues. Thereby, making it one of the most important inventions of the industrial revolution.
Elijah McCoy, a mechanical engineer by profession, filed for more than 50 patents for many industrial revolution inventions.
Even though he didn’t create the sewing machine, Elias Howe’s refinements and patent in 1844 perfected the sewing machine. Working with Isaac Singer, Howe pitched the sewing machine to manufacturers and later customers. The sewing machine made it easier for the mass production of textiles and helped in expanding the industry. It also boasted of making housework much easier.
Apart from all of these inventions, the Wright brothers invented the first-ever airplane, and Nicholas Tesla invented the induction electric motor. These were also the most important inventions of the industrial revolution. (See How Does Hovercraft Work?)