Yellow sunflowers are seen everywhere but purple sunflowers are a rare sight. Most of you are aware of yellow sunflowers and you grow them in your gardens and backyards. But you will be surprised to know that you can grow purple sunflowers as well. In this article, you will get to know about how to grow purple Sunflowers.
1. Do Purple Sunflowers Exist?
Yes, just like sunflowers with yellow and white petals, purple sunflowers are also found. Sunflowers are available in many other colors like yellow, orange, red, purple, white, and dark yellow shades. Commonly purple sunflowers come from the Chianti hybrid variety of sunflowers. Their petals are deep dark red which looks similar to purple. Purple sunflowers symbolize wealth, glory, and royalty. The next segment will give you the answer to how to grow purple sunflowers. (See Where Do Black Olives Come From?)
2. How to Grow Purple Sunflowers at Home?
Yes, you can plant a purple sunflower at your home. Simply select the right seeds, plant them and look after them properly until the flowers bloom. You can easily get help from the local garden store or nursery assistants. You can also plant them in a pot but keep them in proper sunlight and make sure to use a big container. (See How to Make a Sunflower Garden?)
3. How to Plant a Purple Sunflower?
After buying the seeds from the market plant them in the soil and follow these things.
- Plant them after the frost season has passed.
- The ideal soil temperature for planting seeds is around 55 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Seeds should be planted 1 to 5 inches deep.
- Make sure there is a minimum distance of 6 feet between two seeds.
Now you know how to grow purple sunflowers, continue to read to know more about the soil, sunlight, and watering of the plants. (See Hydroponics: Plants That Grow In Water Only)
4. Which type of Soil is required?
Most varieties of sunflowers can easily grow in neutral to alkaline types of soils. Just make sure you maintain enough moisture in the soil. Fertilizers and pesticides should be added at the right growth stages of the plant. (See How Are Peanuts Made?)
5. How to Protect the new Seeds?
After planting the seeds, you may find some birds or other animals attempting to ruin the crop. You should take the necessary precautions before anything undesirable happens. Cover the area of newly planted seeds with a net or something similar that allows the sunlight to reach the soil but prevents animals from entering. (See How to Grow Tomatoes in Pots)
6. How much Water and Sunlight do they need?
Sunflowers can survive on less water once they mature, but in their germination phase, they require lots of water. Keep the soil moist as their roots can expand freely through the soft soil. Sunflowers have a deep root system that requires moist soil to expand downwards. During the germination phase of the plant, you should water the area near the root zone.
A sunflower plant needs sunlight for almost 6 to 8 hours. It is necessary for their healthy growth and it keeps them free from diseases and infections. These two factors are very important when you are thinking about how to grow purple sunflowers. (See Do Sunflowers Need Full Sun?)
7. How to Protect Purple Sunflowers Plants from Pests?
An easy solution to protect your purple sunflower plant from snails, slugs, and other pests is to apply repellant around the plant. Make sure not to water the leaves and branches to prevent diseases. Only the roots need water and moist soil. Roots provide necessary nutrients to the rest of the plant. (See How to Get Rid of Gnats without Apple Cider Vinegar?)
8. Do Purple Sunflowers Plants require Fertilizers?
Yes, purple sunflower plants do need fertilizer but not often.
- Get a slow-release fertilizer with a balanced NPK ratio of 14:14:14 and apply it once in mid-summer.
- Scatter the fertilizer on the soil but keep it away from the roots.
- Follow the instructions mentioned on the fertilizer pack and take help from local gardeners If any problem arises.
- Incorrect amounts of fertilizer can adversely affect the sunflower plant so check the recommended quality or ask your local gardeners for it before using it.
- Inappropriate use of fertilizers can make your plant weak. It will have a thin stem with fewer leaves and flowers. (See What is Golden Delicious Apples?)
9. Can High Winds affect them?
Generally, they have a deep root system and if your purple sunflower plant has it as well then there is no need to worry about high winds unless there are any sudden storms. You can get an idea about the depth of the roots by looking at the movement of your sunflowers during a windy day. If they are loosely moving from the root, then they have a weak root system. If they are moving but their lower half is firm to the ground then it means they have strong and deep roots. (See 8 Sand Storms Facts)
10. How to Use the Purple Sunflowers after they Bloom?
Your purple sunflower plant will come to full bloom during summer and the flowers will stay alive on the stem for one week. You can use these flowers as decors for making a bouquet, decorations or simply to make your garden more beautiful. They stand out and make a statement wherever they are. (See Meaning of Different Colour Roses)
11. What to do When the Sunflowers Wilt?
Sunflowers wilt after one week and by that time you have two options, one is to let them dry and let animals consume the flowers and seeds and the other option is that you can harvest the seeds and replant them next season. (See What’s the difference between annuals and perennials?)
12. How to Harvest the Purple Sunflowers Seeds?
Once you notice that the backs of their heads will start to turn yellow or purple, it is a sign that the plant is dying.
- Cut the flowers from the branch around 4 inches below the flower head. Keep these flowers inside a dry container with their heads facing down.
- To remove the seeds from the flower head, rub the flowers with your hand or something similar to loosen up the seeds for easy removal.
- Make sure that the flower is completely dried before you start the seed removal process. (See How many Seeds does a Strawberry have?)
Now you know everything about how to grow purple sunflowers. You also learned how to take care of them properly and what their uses are. (See 18 Purple Flowering Shrubs For Your Garden)