This article discusses how many liters in a barrel of oil and how many gallons of gas in a barrel of oil exist. A barrel or bbl is a volume unit used to measure crude oil. Crude oil is a raw natural resource extracted from the earth and refined into products. It is obtained by drilling the ground close to other resources such as natural gas. The unit used to measure oil other than the barrel is cubic meters. Unlike a barrel, a cubic meter is a basic unit under the international system and used worldwide.
1. What is Crude Oil?
Crude oil is produced from dead remains of animals and plants and is a mixture of volatile liquid hydrocarbons. It is found in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid even under atmospheric pressure. It is a non-renewable resource which means that it can’t be replenished naturally and it is available in limited quantity. Fossil fuels like crude oil were first discovered during the industrial revolution. It is refined to produce lubricants, asphalt, ethane, propane, and various other alkanes. (See 4 Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution)
2. What are the Uses of Crude Oil?
There are various uses of crude oil other than gasoline acting as a fuel for cars. (See How the invention of cars affected the economy?)
- The refined crude oil products are ultra-low sulfur diesel, kerosene, jet fuel, hydrocarbon gas liquids, heating oil, and distillates.
- It plays an essential role in the cosmetics, pharma, and textiles industries.
- In ancient culture, crude oil was used as a substance for binding materials and waterproofing surfaces.
- Petrochemicals are used in manufacturing electronic devices like laptops, smartphones, etc.
- Petrochemicals are the primary ingredient in the making of plastics, ammonia & bubble gums.
3. Why is Barrel used to Measure Oil?
Initially, oil wasn’t stored in barrels but was kept in vessels and jars, which varied in size. So, traders could not measure the quantity properly, which affected their trade. Moreover, as the oil industry grew, they found the need to transport oil. Hence, traders took inspiration from the whiskey industry and adopted the method of transporting oil in wooden barrels. Though the standard size used for whiskey was 40 gallons, the traders added extra two gallons to cover the spillage expense of oil. (See What Happens When You Mix Bleach and Ammonia?)
4. How many Liters in a Barrel of Oil?
A barrel of oil is equivalent to 42 gallons of crude oil. And in terms of vehicle gasoline, it is about 19 to 20 gallons in one barrel. However, coming to the question of how many liters are there in a barrel of oil, the answer would be, 1 barrel is 159 liters of oil according to the U.S standard. Read below to find out how many gallons of gas in a barrel of oil are.
5. How many Gallons of Gas in a Barrel of Oil?
An oil barrel yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products on the whole. That’s how many gallons of gas in a barrel of oil exist.
- Theories reveal that a barrel in oil contains 4% of Jet fuel which is used to power turbines and engines. It is also used in lighting and heating.
- Distillate which is 12.5%, is used for internal combustion vehicles.
- Gasoline which makes up 19.4%, is the major consumable product used in vehicles, small aircraft, generators, and boats. (See 10 Facts About Plane Smoke)
- Residual fuel oil is 0.5% which is used for power backup.
- Hydrogen gas liquids which are 1.5%, provide power to liquid-propellant rockets.
- And other products cover about 6.5%.
6. Facts related to Crude Oil in the U.S.A.?
- The United States is the biggest consumer of crude oil in the world.
- The earliest oil pipeline was laid back in 1860 in the United States. Two cast iron pipes were constructed, screwed together in short segments. Oil was propelled through it using a single-cylinder which was steam-driven.
- Oil is often referred to as Texas tea or Black gold in Texas as it supports nearly 25% of the state economy.
- Theories reveal that around 100 million barrels are consumed per day in the USA.
- There have been around a dozen oil spills in the USA in the past 25 years.
- The barrel is not used to transport oil in the U. S. (Also read 9 Unique Properties of Chalk)
7. What are the Adverse Effects of Oil Combustion & Oil Spills?
Crude oil is a mixture of various hydrocarbons that causes adverse effects on mankind and other living forms.
- Because of the heavy reliance on crude oil, it became one of the reasons for global warming and greenhouse gases.
- Oil drilling, oil spills, and ocean acidification damage the ecosystem as they can change the pH level of water. This kills marine animals and aquatic plants.
- The refining process creates air pollution releasing toxic chemicals like benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene into the atmosphere.
- Petroleum-based synthetic fertilizers cause an increase in algal growth, which is responsible for massive die-offs in rivers. (See How Hot is Lava in Fahrenheit?)
Now, you know how many liters in a barrel of oil and how many gallons of gas in a barrel of oil there are.