How many Biomes are there in Africa?

What is a Biome? What Biomes are in Africa? What are the 4 Main Biomes in Africa? What are the two largest Biomes in Africa?
how many biomes are there in Africa
Photo by Jeremy Bezanger on Unsplash

Have you ever heard of the term biome? If not, never worry. It is easy to understand. Biome is the classification of the environment based on a few factors and the need for species living in that environment. There are many biomes in the world. Then, you might wonder how many biomes are in Africa. Continue reading to clarify all your doubts regarding how many biomes are there in Africa along with 4 biomes in Africa, and the major types of biomes in the world.

1. What is a Biome?

Several factors define the survival of a living organism. Its internal mechanism is influenced by the external environment. That’s why specific species are found in different locations depending on their internal mechanism. This categorization of locations depending on some factors and needs of species is called a biome. The biomes are places classified according to the species living in that area and vegetation on a global scale. Specific factors influence their survival, e.g., temperature, altitude, humidity, light, soil type, water availability, etc. (See What are Physical Resources?)

2. List the Five Major Types of Biomes and their Characteristics

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Photo by Jeremy Bezanger on Unsplash

Biomes are the areas characterized by soil types, nature, light, vegetation, temperature, etc.

There are 5 types of biomes:

  • Aquatic: Aquatic biomes include marine and freshwater biomes. Freshwater biomes are the bodies of water enclosed by land: ponds and lakes. Their salt concentration is less than 1%. Oceans, estuaries, and coral reefs are included in marine biomes.
  • Grassland: These are the areas with a dry and warm climate. These are open areas with excess grass fields. There are two types of grassland, i.e., tropical and temperate grasslands. Tropical grasslands are found in Africa, India, Australia, and South America. These are the areas with scattered trees and are found near the Equator. Temperate grasslands are away from the Equator and are found in countries like South Africa, Hungary, Uruguay, Argentina, North America, and Russia. There is less precipitation in temperate forests as compared to tropical.
  • Forest: Forest covers one-third of the Earth. It is dominated by trees. It is a major source of biodiversity. There are three types of forests: tropical, temperate, and boreal.
  • Desert: Areas with rainfall of fewer than 20 inches per year are called deserts. There is not much biodiversity in the deserts because of the non-availability of water, sandy soil, and high temperatures. (See Hottest Desert in the World)
  • Tundra: These are the extreme areas with very less temperature, −35 to 12 degrees Celsius. There is a short span for summers, very low precipitation, and the nutrient content of the soil is very low. (See 20 Largest Zoo in the World)

3. How many Biomes are there in the World?

There is a total of 14 types of biomes across the world. Depending on the areas’ environmental conditions and species’ needs, different areas have distinct diversity. Different biomes are found on different continents. The diversity of an area depends on the factors available for the necessities. Also, check out what is the largest island in Asia?

4. How many Biomes are in Africa? What Biomes are in Africa?

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Photo by Ryan Cheng on Unsplash

Africa is rich in biodiversity. It is bisected by the Equator, which provides a good intermix of seasons. It also has a high diversity of birds and animals. Africa has been a great source of biodiversity in the world. There are nine biomes in Africa out of fourteen biomes across the globe.

The nine types of biomes found in Africa are:

  • Mediterranean Forest biome,
  • Deserts (e.g., the Sahara, Kalahari),
  • Tropical and subtropical grasslands,
  • Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests,
  • Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests,
  • Flooded grasslands and Savannas,
  • Afro-Alpine grasslands,
  • Mangroves, and
  • Shrublands. (See What are Physical Features in Geography?)

5. What are the 4 Main Biomes in Africa?

After knowing how many biomes are there in Africa, let us look into the 4 biomes in Africa, which are:

  • Deserts (e.g., the Sahara, Kalahari),
  • Tropical and subtropical grasslands,
  • Savannas and shrublands, and
  • Tropical and subtropical forests. (See Why can’t We go to Antarctica?)

6. What are the Two Largest Biomes in Africa?

We know how many biomes are in Africa. But what are the largest biomes? Diversity is found in large amounts in the African continent. There are nine biomes in Africa out of 14 totals in the world. The two largest biomes in Africa are:

7. Discuss North Africa Biome and Climate

North Africa is mainly covered by desert regions. The Sahara desert in the northern part of Africa is the hottest and largest desert in the world. The climatic conditions are humid in the North African region. (See What is the Smallest Island in the World?)

8. How many Biomes are in South Africa?

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Image by ronbd from Pixabay

There are nine biomes in South Africa, namely:

9. What are the 3 Aquatic Biomes?

The biomes are located in water; freshwater or marine are surrounded by land. For example, ponds and lakes.

The three aquatic biomes are:

10. What Biome is located only at the Equator?

Tropical rainforests are found near the Equator. This type of terrestrial biome is found only at the Equator. (Also read How are Earthquakes Distributed on the Map?)

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