Roller coasters are straight out of the promised land. They are thrilling rides that fill you with adrenaline. Being on the most famous roller coasters is a lifetime experience. But how do roller coasters work? In this article, you will find that out and also uncover the most famous roller coaster in the world.
1. What is the History of First Roller Coasters?
- Russians built the first roller coasters, initially called Russian Mountains. They made wooden ramps that will freeze during winters, these ice slides had been carefully made and positioned in and around Saint Petersburg, Russia. The Russian elite flocked to the slides, which were established in the 17th century. Catherine II of Russia was one such admirer of these rides and ordered a number of them to be built in her property.
- The exact time when the wheels were added to the roller coasters for regular use is still up for debate. Some accounts say James the 3rd ordered the construction of the first actual roller coaster.
- Some historians believe that the first roller coaster was manufactured by the French. In the year 1784, it was created in St. Petersburg’s Gardens of Oreinbaum.
- One of the first roller coasters, the Promenades Aeriennes had wheels that were safely linked to the track and give direction guides to keep them stable on the way and generate high speeds. You might wonder, how do roller coasters work? Let’s read about it in the next segment. (Also read Why Do People Skydive?)
2. How do Roller Coasters Work?
- Roller coasters work due to gravity due to which the coasters complete their track.
- There are a lot of things to understand how do roller coasters work. The main two kinds of energy involved in this process are potential and kinetic energy. Roller Coasters do not need engines to work. The accumulated energy in an object due to its location with respect to the other objects is known as potential energy. Kinetic energy is simply the force that results in the movement of objects. Also, check out the solution to how does a remote control work.
- To travel along the track, most rides convert potential energy to kinetic energy. As soon as the roller coaster reaches the top of the track, energy is discharged.
- When the roller coaster descends, it generates kinetic energy. Kinetic energy is directly proportional to the mass and speed of an object. So the kinetic energy reaches its maximum point when it arrives at the bottom of the track. Kinetic energy gets transformed into potential energy when the ride moves upward. (Also read Why Do People Climb Mount Everest?)
3. What were They earlier Used for?
Before it became a favorite of thrill-seekers, one of America’s first roller coasters carried coal. Mauch Chunk Railway was the railway that performed dual duties as the charcoal mover in the mornings and a joy ride throughout the afternoon. It was built in 1827 to transport coal between coalfields over a distance of nine miles.
Gravity dragged the one-and-a-half-ton coal cars down after unloading done by animals. It could travel at a speed of 50 miles per hour through the Lehigh valley even with so much weight. This sight attracted the tourists and they instinctively wanted to ride it after seeing the miraculous technology. Now roller coasters have evolved into adrenaline machines or even torture, depending on how you see it. (Also read 7 Facts About Dog Sled Teams)
4. Which are the Famous Roller Coaster Rides?
Engineers began tinkering with the roller coaster technology established in the early twentieth century to make them more thrilling and fast. In the last 100 years, the thrills have multiplied enormously. They set speed records and launch passengers into the sky, and some have been built to trick riders. Today they are exhilarating technical wonders, throwing you upside down 14 times, whizzing at 150 miles per hour, and making you shout by simply moving in their track. (See Best Role Playing Games in Roblox)
Here are some of the most famous roller coaster rides in the world;
- Formula Rossa at Ferrari World, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
- Kingda Ka at Six Flags Great Adventure, New Jersey
- Steel Dragon 2000 at Nagashima Spaland, Japan
- Top Thrill Dragster at Cedar Point, Ohio
- T Express at Everland, South Korea
- Goliath at Six Flags Great America, Illinois
- The Smiler at Alton Towers, United Kingdom
- Full Throttle at Six Flags Magic Mountain, California
- Takabisha at Fuji-Q Highland, Japan
5. Which is the tallest and Most Famous Roller Coaster in the World?
One of the tallest roller coasters in the world is Kingda Ka at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson, New Jersey. It takes the people to around 456 feet (139 m) vertically towards the sky before dropping and giving them a thrilling experience of a rapid dip. (See Why Do Some People like Camping?)
It goes from zero to as high as 128 miles per hour within a matter of 3.5 seconds in order to hold the 45 stories high rails cars. This ride can be a blur as it finishes in a mere 28 seconds. You can check out the tallest person in the World.
6. Which is the Fastest among the Most Famous Roller Coasters?
In Abu Dhabi at Ferrari World, the Formula Rossa is considered to be the world’s fastest roller coaster. It reaches an incredible speed of 149 miles per hour in a matter of 4.9 seconds, traveling to a height of 170 feet. The adrenaline rush is immense as riders can experience a possible 4.8 g (g-force) during the ride. Check out the fastest female runner in the World.
Now you understand the complex mechanisms behind how do roller coasters work. Give yourself a boost of adrenaline by trying some famous roller coaster rides. (Also read How Does a Digital Camera Work?)