Features and Types of Bale

What are Baler and Bale? When was Baler Invented? What are its Types? What are Industrial Balers? What are the Benefits of Preparing your own Bales?
types of bale

Farming and agriculture are one of the most important occupations in the world. Earlier farming involved only manpower or animal power, like bulls being used to plow the fields. But with the advancement of time and technology, various machines have been developed to reduce the physical work of farmers. One such machine is the Bale. You will know more about different types of bale which includes mini round baler, mini hay baler, square baler, and also about the round bale. 

1. Define Bale and Baler

A compact and easy-to-move bundle of crops like hay, cotton, or wheat is known as the bale. The word bale is derived from an old French word that means rolled-up bundle. This bundle is used to feed livestock like your horses, cows, goats, and other herbivores.

A farm machine that is used to compress the raked crop into bales is known as a baler. A baler can wrap these bundles into different shapes and close them with a wire or twine. Also, check out how to change transmission fluid and filter?

2. Introduction to Baler

Rolling round bale: types of bale 2

There are many stages of the invention of the machine, Baler.

  • In 1860, with the introduction of mechanical devices, farmers were introduced to balers.
  • In 1872, the inventor, Charles Withington, invented a reaping device known as a knotted device to make bundles of hay.
  • Innes used an Appleby-version of John Deere grain binder to make the automatic baler. It uses twines to tie the bales.
  • Another inventor, Pilter showcased the first round baler in Paris in the 19th century.
  • In 1940, the balers were modified such that they were powered by tractors through a Power take-off or PTO. The power supply from the built-in internal combustion engine was removed. (See Who invented Paper and When?)

3. Types of Balers

Depending on the type of work being performed by the balers they can be of different types.

  • Vertical balers (a type of industrial baler) deal in compacting things that are less in density and volume.
  • Horizontal balers are bigger and take up more space, and it is one of the industrial balers.
  • Heavy-duty balers are used for heavy waste that requires a large amount of pressure. For example, truck tires or huge gallons are compressed in this baler. (See All Battery Sizes with Pictures)

4. Features of Mini Round Baler or Mini Hay Baler

Small round balers are known as mini round balers or roto balers. The bales produced by these balers are 20 to 22 inches in diameter and a width of about 20.5 to 28 inches (52 to 71 cm). Their weight can be between 188 and 25 kilograms (40-55 pounds). (See What are Coloured Glass Blocks?)

5. Features of Square Baler

The small rectangular baler is known as a square baler and types of bale produce square bales. It is used in small areas where large equipment cannot be effectively used. It produces bales that are used for small operations and in dimensions 38 cm by 46 cm by 102 cm (15 inches by 18 inches by 40 inches). The average weight of each bale can be 20 to 27 kilograms (45-60 pounds). The weight largely depends on the pressure applied and the types of crops. The bales are wrapped in two or three knotted twines. (See Vending Machine Deaths)

6. Features of Industrial Baler

types of bale 1

Paper, cardboard, foil, plastic, cans, and all other types of office waste are sent to recycling companies. This waste is compressed and converted into a compact version for easy transportation. Industrial balers produce these bales. This baler is made with steel and a hydraulic ram. (See How Is Gasoline Made From Oil?)

7. Types of Bale

The shape and type of bales depend upon the type of baler used to make them. The most common types of bales are round bales and square bales. Both of these shapes can be reversed, and you can get small round bales and large square bales. (See 8 Fuel Types For Cars)

8. Features of Small and Medium-Sized Bales

Round bales rolling: types of bale 3

Such bales are produced with a single-ram baler. Small and medium commodities like cans, boxes, etc are converted into bales with this baler. (See What is a Rube Goldberg Machine?)

9. Features of Large Rectangular Bales

Stack of square bale.

Hesston invented a large square baler that can convert hay into the types of bale that are large and compatible square pieces. This way, it was easy to stack them in a transportation vehicle. In the prairies, Canada, these balers are known as prairie raptors. The weight and dimension differ from each other, as mentioned below.

  • A bale with dimensions of 3 feet by 3 feet by 9 feet (0.91 m by 0.91 m by 2.74 m) or 3 feet by 4 feet by 9 feet (0.91 m by 1.22 m by 2.74 m) can weigh between 450 kilograms to 1000 grams (1000 to 2200 pounds).
  • The weight of the bale can be around 410 kilograms (900 pounds) if its dimension is 3 feet to 4 feet (0.91 m or 1.22 m). (See What is a Circle Degree Chart?)

10. Features of Round Balers produce Round Bales

A person baling.

The bales produced from this baler are round (cylindrical) with a thatched roof. This type of baler is the most common in industrialized countries. The grass, crop, or hay is rolled up using rubber belts. Netting or twine is used to wrap the bale, but sometimes balers use plastic sheets as the last layer of covering for the bales.
The types of bale produced by a round baler have a diameter of 72 inches (120 cm to 180 cm). The width can be up to 60 inches (150 cm) with an average weight of between 500 kilograms to 1000 kilograms (1100 to 220 pounds). (See How Does an X ray Machine Work?)

11. Benefits of Preparing Bales

If you can choose and make your own bales with the balers on your farm, then you have the following benefits.

  • The content of the bales can be of your choice.
  • It will be clean and nutritious according to your preferences and the needs of your livestock.
  • The size and density choices lie in your hands.
  • You will no longer be dependent on the manufacturers and suppliers. You can decide the time for preparing the bales.
  • If you have a small baler, you can easily access those small areas where the large balers were unable to reach.
  • You can earn some cash by selling your self-made high-quality hay. (See Morse Code Uses in Communication)

Today you got to know about the types of bale including mini round baler, mini hay baler, square baler, and round bale. Do share the article with your friends and your experience of making bales with us. (See How to Make a Sunflower Garden?)

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