Fall of Constantinople Effects

What was Constantinople? What is meant by the Fall of Constantinople? What were the Causes of the Fall? How did the Fall of Constantinople affect Christianity? How did the Fall of Constantinople affect Rome?
fall of Constantinople effects

History witnessed numerous incidents of the rising and fall of various kingdoms and royalties. But not every fall proved to be damaging and not every rise was beneficial. Today we are talking about one of the most important influential falls in history, the Fall of Constantinople. Do you know about the Fall of Constantinople effects? If not, no problem because today you will get to know about how did the Fall of Constantinople affect Christianity, and how did the Fall of Constantinople affect Rome.

1. What was Constantinople?

It was the capital of the ancient Roman Empire and later on, it became the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire. However, the city was named Lagos and Byzantine initially, but after the foundation of the city took place under the Roman Emperor Constantine I, it was renamed Konstantinoupolis, which means the city of Constantine (Constantinople). (See: Where is Turkey Situated?)

2. What is meant by the Fall of Constantinople?

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The imperial capital city of the Byzantine Empire was taken over by the Ottoman Empire. The event was termed the Conquest of Constantinople which also came to be known as the Fall of Constantinople. At that time, the city was under the rule of Constantinople XI, who became the last ruler of the Byzantine Empire. (See How would you Explain the Rise of Napoleon?)

3. Why was Constantinople important?

The population was a mix of Hungarians, Salvics, and Greeks. All of them were the followers of the patriarch of Constantinople. The city was the main trade route for European countries that also allowed access to the Black Sea. It also provided a route for transporting goods from the Silk Route. (See What is the Largest Saltwater Lake in the World?)

4. What were the Causes of the Fall?

Before moving to the Fall of Constantinople effects, take a look at the causes. The main reason behind the Fall of Constantinople was the inaccuracy of the ruling emperor in protecting the boundaries of the nation. The city was unable to guard itself which was one of the several reasons leading to its fall. Also, check out how Alexander the great defeated the Persians at Gaugamela?

5. Was the Ruler Careless?

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Photo by Engin Yapici on Unsplash

There was a wall surrounding Constantinople. It was built to protect the empire from all the enemies and invaders. The people and empire of Byzantine were all dependent on the wall for their safety and considered it their lifesaver. But this turned out to be the biggest mistake of the rulers to think so as the attack took place from both water and land. (See What were King Philip II of Spain Accomplishments?

6. How did the Low Population and Weak Preparations cause the Fall?

Most of the people of the nation were lost to the Black Plague and the Fourth Crusade. Therefore, the population of the empire was considerably less, leading to a small and weak army. Also, the preparations to fight the invaders were not accurate. The Turkish navy had only 26 ships to block the invasion from the sea while the Ottomans had a huge army and navy. (See How did Alliances lead to World War 1?)

7. Why did the Church not help?

The population of Constantinople was not the followers of the Holy Roman Church. At the time of the invasion, some help from the Church would have delayed the invasion somehow. But they preferred to turn a deaf ear to the empire.  (See Why Hitler hated Jews?)

8. How did the Fall of Constantinople affect Christianity?

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Raimond Klavins on Unsplash

One of the Fall of Constantinople effects was on Christianity. Ottomans were the followers of the Caliphate (Khalifa) of Holy Prophet Mohammad (May Peace Be Upon Him) of Islam. This led to a major shift in the religious state of the people. Hagia Sophia was initially a church that was converted into a mosque after the Ottomans took over. And soon Christianity reduced and Islam was prospering. (See What are the Various Branches of Christianity?)

9. Why was the Name changed?

After the Ottomans took over, they changed the name from Constantinople to Istanbul, which you know today. This was done to reflect the new emerging political and cultural changes in the country. Soon they took over the European countries under their empire. The name was derived from the Greek phrase eis tin Polin which means in to the city. (See Who Painted the Last Supper in the Sistine Chapel?)

10. How was the Trade one of the Fall of Constantinople Effects?

Constantinople was a major trade route, but the invasion affected the trade links between the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. Several European countries were dependent on the trade route to trade with the Eastern countries and China. Due to the Fall of Constantinople effects, they lost a lot of trade opportunities.  (Also read What were the Causes and Effects of the War of 1812?)

11. How did the Fall of Constantinople lead to the Renaissance?

The people of Constantinople were considered knowledgeable and cultural. Since there was a huge religious and cultural change in the country, many Greek Christians moved from Turkey to Italy. Here we can say that the Fall of Constantinople effects leads to immigration. They took their knowledge and culture with them and followed it there. This sparked the beginning of the Renaissance.  (See Why was Napoleon called The Little Corporal?

12. Was it the End of the Middle Ages?

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Photo by Raimond Klavins on Unsplash

The answer is yes. The Fall of Constantinople effects marked the beginning of a new time and era. The Silk Route was closed after the Fall of Constantinople. This proved to be a starting point for the Age of Discovery along with the end of the Middle Ages. This led to the rise of many explorers and voyagers who set on a journey to discover new places. It was only after this that the New World was discovered by John Cabot. Also, other explorers like Christopher Columbus founded the land of India along with several new trade routes. (See What Century are We Living in Now?)

13. How did the Fall of Constantinople affect Rome?

Constantinople was considered the Third Rome and was widely known as the Roman Empire. Therefore, the Fall of Constantinople was seen as the Fall of the Roman Empire. To prevent the conversion of their religion, many Greek Scholars ran away to Italy. Also, the Fall of Constantinople was one of the causes of the rise of the renaissance in Rome. Also, check out What are the 3 Types of History?

14. When did Ottomans fall?

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Photo by Ibrahim Uzun on Unsplash

The rule of the Ottomans ended in 1922 when an army officer Mustafa Kemal Atatürk declared Turkey independent. He also laid the foundation of the Independent Republic of Turkey on 29-October-1923. With this the title of Sultan was eliminated, leading to the Fall of the Ottoman Empire.  (See Why Alexander was called The Great?) 

So, among the Fall of Constantinople effects, you get to know that Constantinople is modern-day Istanbul. With the conversion of religion and religious sites, how did the Fall of Constantinople affect Christianity and how did the Fall of Constantinople affect Rome had led the way to the renaissance have been covered too. (Also read Who killed Lapu-Lapu?)

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