Source: Wikimedia Commons
1 What is Cinco de Mayo?
Cinco de Mayo is a Spanish word which is also called Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla. On the 4th of July, people in the U.S celebrate their country’s Independence Day. It is a holiday that is celebrated in various regions of Mexico and U.S in respect of a military win in 1862 over French Forces of Napoleon III.
2 What is the real meaning of Cinco de Mayo for Mexicans?
There are a lot of people who presume that Cinco de Mayo (May 5 in Spanish) is also a celebration of Mexico's Independence Day. But, the truth is that their Independence Day is on September 16. They also celebrate because of the victory at the Battle of Puebla.
3 The Battle of Puebla
It all started in 1861 when Mexico declared a temporary freeze at the repayment of foreign debts because of which English, Spanish and French troops captured the country.
Later in 1862, English and Spanish released their dominance. However, French was still overpowering it with the help of wealthy landowners so that they could establish a Monarchy under Maximilian of Austria and control the power of the U.S in North America.
4 How the Battle did begin?
On May 5, 1862, Lorentz gathered his army near the forts of Loreto and Guadalupe that was supported by heavy artillery defeated the French troops at the Battle of Puebla. This victory was an immense pride and encouragement for the Mexican Army.
The reason why they were honoured so much was that in the French army they had 8000 people on the contrary Mexican army comprised of only 4000 men. Therefore, it was one of the most significant histories of that time.
5 How long did the Battle last?
The Battle began in daybreak and lasted till early evening. The nice thing was that the French army retreated when they lost around 500 soldiers. On the other hand, less than 100 Mexican men were killed in the war. (See Why is Mexico a developing country?)
6 Victory short-lived
It was a considerable achievement, yet it was for a minimal time as the French still had much more power to capture the country within just a year. The benefit of this victory was that it represented unity and pride in the country, which gave them the motivation to take a step ahead.
7 Cinco de Mayo in Mexico
Well, it is not celebrated much in Mexico but it a big buzz in the state of Puebla. Although other parts of the country also take part in it but majorly it is celebrated in Pueblo as Zaragoza's victory occurred there. For Mexican people there Independence Day is September 16 which they celebrate with full zeal.
8 Which other countries celebrate it?
It is also celebrated in the U.S., especially in the areas of the country with massive Mexican-American population, like Portland, Chicago and Denver, where they keep huge festivals to celebrate this day. Various people celebrate this day by parades, parties and by playing traditional Mexican music and dancing.
As per the research, it has been observed that around 150 location in the U.S celebrates Cinco de Mayo officially every year. (See Why Do We Celebrate Memorial Day?)