The Indian Civilization
The Indians created one of the earliest civilizations but then that civilization disappeared around 1750 BCE. The Aryans then moved to the Indo-Gangetic plain. The Aryans left behind one of the earliest religious texts called the Vedas.
The Vedas became the basis of Hinduism
The texts that Aryans left , the Vedas, became the basis of modern Hinduism.
The caste system
The caste system was a social stratification system which divided people into four different classes namely Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras.
Dharma is one’s purpose in life which is determined by one’s birth and caste. If a person became a warrior for example then his Dharma would be becoming a good warrior. The Dharma system ensures that each person is motivated to do his job.
What is Samsara
Samsara is the cycle of death and re-birth according to Hindu beliefs where a person who dies get reborn as a different person or animal. If the person fulfilled his dharma then his next birth would be better.
Being released from Samsara
Moksha is the case where a person gets release from Samsara , the cycle of birth and death, as a result of living a fulfilling life.
Buddhism began 6th century BCE
There was a price called Siddhartha who was locked by his father in the house because of a prophecy that said that if he left the family would be ruined. Siddhartha escaped and searched for enlightenment then he believed he found Nirvana ,or the state of enlightenment. (See Video Summary: Venice and the Ottoman Empire: Crash Course World History #19)
Siddhartha became Buddha
Siddhartha taught the 4 nobel truth which are 1) all life is suffering 2) the source of suffering is desire 3) to stop suffering you must reduce desire 4) you can reach that goal by following the 8 fold path.
How Buddhist monks live
buddhist monks deprive themselves from desire in order to achieve the goal of enlightenment. Only in china buddhism got connected with Kung Fu and other interesting rituals but at the core of buddhism lies the act of depriving onself from desires.
Why Buddhism appealed to people
Buddhism appealed to people because it gave them hope that they can get rid of suffering in this life before they even get to the next one. The game shoots and ladders has Buddhist origins were ladders Repsent the path to Moksha while snakes represent obstacles.
Ashoka was a Mauran warrior
During most of the Indian History India was hardly one unified place but India experienced political unity twice. The first was under the Mauran Dynasty and the second under the Gupta dynasty. Ashoka was a Mauran warrior who tried to expand the empire.
Ashoka’s empire declined
Ashoka embraced Buddhism but shortly his empire collapsed and Buddhism was brought near extinction.
Hinduism is a flexible religion
Hinduism is a flexible religion where it’s believed that God can have so many different incarnations. This is how Hinduism enveloped Buddha as some people believed that he is one form of incarnations of God. (See Video Summary: The Vikings – Crash Course World History 224)
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