Growing plants in your garden or backyard is an amazing hobby and interest. But have you ever thought of growing such plants which are beneficial for your health too? It’s a good practice to adore your house balcony or verandah with beautiful house plants, some indoor and some outdoor, some big and some small. Among them, you can also take care of your family members by planting medicinal plants. And today, we will tell you all about 30+ medicinal plants worth your garden space.
Medicinal Plants & Their Benefits
Medicinal plants include various types of plants that are rich in medicinal properties. They are mostly used in herbology or herbal medicine. Traditionally, during the early periods, people used seeds, roots, leaves, flowers, fruits, and other parts of a plant that possess healing properties. Planting trees is beneficial in itself and having medicinal plants in your place is much more advantageous.
- These plants will not only improve the air around you but also be helpful in home remedies.
- Having medicinal plants can help you learn new ways to use natural remedies to better your health, rather than being dependent upon medicines.
- You can create your own beauty secret recipes created with these medicinal plants to help you achieve your healthy skin goals.
- Medicinal plants are used for treating both humans and animals.
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is a medicinal plant with lots of promising health benefits. Nowadays, aloe vera gel is easily available on the market, but planting it at home will save you from the hassle, and you will have an all-time supply of your skin’s best friend. Aloe Vera has soothing, cooling, and moisturizing properties. Therefore, you can use it if you have sunburns, rashes, acne, etc. It can also help soothe the digestive tract and improve the digestive system. (See Types of Ivy Plants and Facts)
2. Asiatic Pennywort (Centella asiatica)
Pennywort (aka Gotu Kola) is used as a culinary vegetable and as a medicinal herb. Out of other medicinal plants worth your garden space, Gotu Kola has various medicinal benefits that you can aid from if you plant this plant at home. Their main aim is to work on the various phases of the connective tissues to speed up the healing and development process.
- Pennywort helps in healing ulcers, skin injuries.
- It can decrease capillary fragility and stimulate lipids and protein to enhance skin health. You can also treat those open pores with crushed leaves.
- This plant can also help in the treatment of leprosy, venous insufficiency and improve brain and nervous system functioning. (See How to Grow Tomatoes in Pots)
3. Grey Knicker (Bonduc Nut)
The plant is rich in therapeutic properties and is also used in culinary dishes. The root, bark, and leaves of this plant have medicinal properties and are used in treating several health conditions. Bonduc nut is also known as Guilandina bonduc, Fever Nut, and Sagargota that can be used as an antibiotic.
- The roots are used in the treatment of dysentery and diabetes. (See 9 Diseases caused by Obesity)
- Leaves of the bonduc nut plant can be used in the condition Emmenagogue (increased menstrual blood flow).
- The seeds are used as abortifacients which can be useful as an anti-malaria drug and tonic.
- Overall, the plant can help you in the treatment of jaundice, asthma, and skin eruptions.
4. Bryophyllum (Kalanchoe sect. Bryophyllum)
In our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space, makes its way is this plant which is native to Madagascar, mostly grown in gardens as an ornamental plant. This plant is also known as the Life plant, miracle plant, Filipino (Katakataka), Goethe plant, Panfuti, and the air plant.
- Rhizomes of bryophyllum can be used in the treatment of kidney & gallbladder stones. The rhizomes can be mixed with candy sugar and used in treating cold, asthma, and cough.
- Roots can be used in the treatment of hepatitis, and it also helps protect the liver.
- You can also use the leaves extract because it is useful in treating roundworms.
- The juice from the leaves can be beneficial in treating stomach and ear pain. The juice of the leaves can be taken for diabetes. You can apply the leave paste to stop the bleeding wound, and it also speeds up the healing of the wound.
- Sciatica and rheumatic pains can be relieved by applying the oil boiled with leaf paste. (See 10 Rose Apple Benefits)
Calendula is similar in appearance to that of marigold, and it may be because both plants belong to the same genus. You need to look at the flower petals to identify them. The marigold flower petals are rectangular and a bit conical. The calendula flowers are flat in appearance and the petals are kind of oval. Calendula has lots of medicinal benefits, and it is well known as a remedy for skin problems, making it a welcome addition to our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space.
- You may apply the flowers externally to bites, stings, wounds, sore eyes, and varicose veins.
- It is used to treat fever and chronic infections.
- You can have a cup of tea made with flower petals. This tea will ease your varicose veins and improve blood circulation. (Also read What are the health benefits of drinking Green Tea?)
6. Carom Seeds (Trachyspermum Ammi)
If you have not heard of this herb plant, then you must have heard other names of it, like Ajwain, bishop’s weed, or carom. It is an annual herb that you can grow in your garden. The leaves and seeds are consumed in culinary dishes, but they also have some notable medicinal benefits.
- Carom seeds with lukewarm water may do wonders for you in curing digestive problems, stomachache, and acidity.
- The mildly heated seeds can also help in relieving headaches, colds, and cough.
- This herb is very aromatic and thus, when mixed with mustard oil, it can act as a mosquito repellent. (Read 8 Fruits that have No Seeds)
7. Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla)
Chamomile is a flowering plant belonging to the daisy family and thus resembles daisies a lot. The flowers of this plant are loaded with antioxidant properties and have several medicinal benefits. The flowers are small white with a yellow center. The reasons it made it to our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space are as follows:
- The rich level of antioxidants helps in lowering the risk of various diseases like heart diseases.
- Benefits from chamomile include improving your sleep and digestion.
- These flowers are edible and often used in making tea, which helps relieve anxiety and tension.
- According to the reports of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), chamomile can be the best herb for children in curing various health issues in children like nervous stress, stomach disorders, colic, and infections. (See What do Cherry Blossoms Symbolize?)
8. Chinese Chaste Tree (Vitex Negundo)
This is a five-leaved plant commonly known as chaste tree, nisinda, or horseshoe vitex. This shrub is very aromatic with rose-colored flowers. The leaves are bitter, and the fruits are small but possess various medicinal properties. This plant has anti-inflammatory, antifungal, and antibacterial properties.
- You can use this plant in the form of oil made from its seeds and leaves. You can use it as an ointment or in powder form.
- Because of its antibiotic and other properties, this plant can be used in treating skin infections and sores.
- The plant also provides relief to joint pains and muscle aches. You can also use the plant as a muscle relaxant.
- You can also get relief from digestive problems, headaches, arthritis, and inflammation.
- The plant also possesses the properties of antihistamines. (See Hydroponics: Plants That Grow In Water Only)
9. Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya)
The plant produces potato-like tubers on the leaf axils along with underground tubers making it worth including in medicinal plants worth your garden space. You can enjoy various medicinal benefits from these tubers and other plant parts. The plant is rich in potassium and other compounds.
- Potassium content found in Chinese Yam helps improve digestion.
- The presence of allantois provides speedy healing from ulcers, boils, and other skin problems.
- It can also relieve a person from respiratory issues, cough, and bronchial infection.
- It can also help in the treatment of weight loss, chronic diarrhea, and uncontrollable urination.
- It is also beneficial in regulating diabetes and emotional instability.
- The leaves are used in the treatment of snake and scorpion bites. (Also read How Do Snake Fangs Work?)
10. Coneflower or Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea)
It is a herbaceous flowering plant from the family of daisies and is known as an important medicinal plant. Flowers, leaves, and roots are medicinal parts and can provide numerous health benefits. The plant is rich in nutrients like vitamin C, flavonoids, and zinc.
- Native Americans used to apply it to insect bites, snakebites, and stings.
- This plant helps in increasing the resistance towards various types of bacterial and viral infections. It also improves and stimulates the immune system.
- Having antibiotic properties, these plants help relieve allergies.
- You can use the roots in the treatment of burns, sores, and wounds. (See 27 Other Things You Can do with Toothpaste)
- It supports oral health, improves cell health, and reduces cell damage.
- It helps in reducing redness and swelling due to allergies. Also, it can improve your skin health too.
11. Costus (Saussurea costus)
It is a widely known medicinal plant and is used in various indigenous medicinal systems to treat several ailments. This one of the medicinal plants worth your garden space is known as the insulin plant in India. Having so many healing properties, this plant is very attractive and stunning because of its flowers.
- Being called the insulin plant has its reasons because consuming leaves of the costus plant may lower blood glucose levels. Diabetic people have reported that their blood glucose levels dropped after consuming the leaves. To control blood glucose levels, a person has to chew leaves of costus two times a day for one week. And after one week, the person needs to chew only 1 leaf twice a day for 1 month and see the difference in the levels.
- The oil made from the leaves extracts or flowers may be used in the treatment of severe intestinal diseases, cholera, cough, and asthma. The oil can be consumed as a tonic also as a digestive stimulant. You can use the oil in culinary dishes for its medicinal benefits and fragrance.
- The root contains a worm-killing natural chemical. (Read What is a Toadstool?)
12. Fenugreek or Methi (Trigonella foenum-graecum)
The leaves and seeds of this plant are used for culinary and medicinal purposes. The seeds have a taste similar to that of maple syrup. Reasons for it being on our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space are:
- It can help in treating diarrhea, inflammation, ulcers (stomach and intestines), and other digestive problems.
- Consuming fenugreek may help in lowering blood cholesterol levels and regulating diabetes.
- It can also help in restoring a sense of taste, and it can give you a fresh breath.
- Helps in reducing pain during menstruation, labor pain, and improves lactation.
- Applying a paste of methi on the scalp will improve hair health and enhance hair growth. (See 17 Ways to make your Hair Grow Faster)
13. French Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus)
The flowers before they bloom are considered edible in this plant. French or Globe Artichoke is used in culinary dishes, but it possesses medicinal properties too. This plant is perennial and bitter. The cardoon (artichoke thistle) is harvested before the flower blooms.
- Improves the secretion of digestive juices to enhance digestive health.
- It can help in treating chronic diseases related to the liver and gall bladder. In this way, it improves the functioning of the liver and gall bladder.
- It helps regulate blood sugar levels and reduces blood cholesterol levels. (See 20 Amazing Health Benefits of Bananas)
- It can also be helpful in the treatment of jaundice, hepatitis, and arteriosclerosis.
14. Great Burdock (Arctium lappa)
This plant is known as a natural diuretic (water pill) and the roots of burdock have been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times. The roots are also used as a vegetable. It is popularly known as edible burdock, thorny burr, lappa, gobo, happy major, or beggar’s buttons in different regions. As one of the medicinal plants worth your garden space, you can find its benefits in the following points:
- The roots are beneficial in terms of detoxification and are very famous in Chinese and Western herbal medicines.
- The plant can also be used to treat skin diseases, snakebites, fevers, and burns.
- Various other problems arising from toxic overloads in the body, like throat infection and skin diseases, can be treated with the roots.
- For bruises, ulcers, sores, and burns, you can crush the leaves and seeds then apply them on them.
Moreover, you can sprout the seeds to use them as buttons. Cool, right? (Read Are Sea Anemones Plants or Animals?)
15. Holy Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil, also known as Tulsi, is the queen of herbs and has amazing healing properties. You can enjoy tulsi in your tea, dressing for your salad, garnishing leaves for your drinks and foods.
- Oil extracted from the leaves is beneficial for killing bacteria and insects.
- The juice made from the leaves gives you relief from fever, bronchitis, cold, and cough. Overall, it is an effective remedy for SARS.
- Tulsi helps in the treatment of malaria and its oil is used as ear drops.
- It also gives relief from hysteria, headaches, cholera, and insomnia.
- Basil can also be helpful if you have the problem of lack of appetite and stomach gas. (See How Acidic Is Stomach Acid?)
16. Lavender (Lavandula)
You must be aware of lavender, its fragrance, and essential oils, but this plant has various medicinal benefits also. This plant is native to the Mediterranean and the following are a few of many reasons for it to make its way into our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space:
- The essential oils extracted through the distillation of flowers are used to relieve stress and anxiety.
- The oil extracted from it has antifungal and antibacterial effects. It can also reduce inflammation caused by certain skin allergies.
- It can also treat insomnia, depression, restlessness, and elevate mood.
- Several skin care products also use the oil to treat chronic conditions like eczema, acne, and psoriasis.
- Dried flowers can be used in making an herbal heating pad or eye pillow. (See 27 Types of Green Apples)
17. Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)
The plant is a member of the mint family and is popularly known as a calming herb. Even during the Middle Ages, it was used to treat anxiety, stress, ease pain, and other health issues. It is called lemon balm because of the minty scent of the leaves.
- You can crush the leaves to use them for the treatment of sores, herpes, insect bites, gout and use it as mosquito repellent.
- Leaves are consumed with water for treating cold, fevers, hyperthyroidism, mild insomnia, depression, and headaches.
- It can also be used in treating indigestion caused by tension and digestive problems in children.
- It also protects brain cell health, regulates blood sugar levels and keeps them low, and also sharpens memory. (See Are Nootropics Safe?)
18. Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon)
The plant has the scent of lemon, but the taste is sweet. You can call it by other names, like oily heads, barbed wire grass, fever grass, or citronella grass. Despite being aromatic, this plant has various medicinal benefits, and it is also an insect repellent plant. (See How to Identify Bugs in My Garden)
- Lemongrass tea can relieve congestion, digestive disorders, abdominal pain, stomachaches, and digestive tract spasms.
- It helps in alleviating respiratory conditions like sore throats and laryngitis.
- It has antipyretic properties which makes it beneficial in reducing high fevers.
- The plant can control bacteria and yeast growth.
- It is also beneficial for relieving conditions related to stress and nervousness.
- You can use lemongrass to ease various types of pain like joint pain, muscle pain, muscle cramps, and other pains.
- It can also act as an agent for lowering cholesterol levels that can help in weight loss.
- It also enhances the functioning of the kidney and improves hair health.
19. Marigold (Tagetes)
It is a herbaceous flowering plant belonging to the sunflower family. They can be both perennial and annual, making them the perfect addition to medicinal plants worth your garden space. These plants bear flowers in bright yellow to orange colors that can bring colorful happiness to you indoors and in the garden. Apart from being beautiful, these flowers also have medicinal benefits. Skin rashes, acne, and blisters are treated with an ointment made from this plant. Marigold flower tea is beneficial in reducing menstrual cramps and stomach cramps. It can also improve the digestive system. (Read What’s the Difference between Annuals and Perennials?)
20. Marsh Mallow (Althaea Officinalis)
This plant may be the name of our favorite confectionery item, but it is also a source of various health benefits. The leaves and roots of the plant are used in culinary dishes as a flavoring agent.
- As one of the medicinal plants worth your garden space and eventually, health, it can be used as a herbal remedy for treating bronchitis, whooping cough, and other respiratory problems. Roots and leaves help treat dry cough.
- Leaves are edible and are added to salads, can be boiled, and fried also.
- It can also be used in the treatment of stomach ulcers, constipation, urinary tract infection (UTI), and inflammation in the stomach lining. It also helps in controlling excess stomach acid, peptic ulceration, and gastritis.
- It also treats skin issues like skin ulcers, rashes, and burns. The roots are also used in making ointments and creams for treating skin problems.
- Mouthwash prepared from the roots helps treat irritation of teething infants. (See Why my teeth hurt after waking up?)
21. Mint or Spearmint (Mentha)
It is an aromatic plant from the family of the mint family. The leaves with their thin stems are used in culinary dishes, sauces, and salads for their scent and flavor. The leaves are also used for medicinal purposes. Reasons for it being one of the medicinal plants worth your garden space are as follows:
- Chewing the leaves can improve respiratory health and help in curing a common cold.
- The highly fiber-rich leaves are useful in improving the digestive system and circulation of blood.
- Maintains hormonal levels in the body and can relieve stress.
- Applied to insect bites for the cooling effect and a painkiller. It can also help in the treatment of ulcers.
- Mint leaves are considered good for lactating mothers. (Read How many children did Demeter have?)
It is a herb that is used in food and beverages as a garnish which can be the perfect addition to the medicinal plants worth your garden space and eventually, health, the leaves are also used to add flavor, color, and fragrance to the food and beverages. While serving us in our culinary dishes, this plant also provides us with various medicinal benefits that can be drawn from its leaves, seeds, and roots. It is rich in various nutrients like vitamins and antioxidants which are beneficial for health.
- It helps in fighting kidney stones, Urinary tract infection (UTI), and gallbladder infections.
- It helps in curing toothaches and improves bone health.
- It can also help treat insect bites, bruises, and rough skin.
- It is beneficial in improving digestive health and also improves immunity. (See 14 Disastrous Health Effects of Smoking)
23. Peppermint (Mentha × Piperita)
This plant is regarded as the oldest medicinal herb as it is naturally rich in vitamins (A and C) and manganese. Peppermint oil is used for various medicinal purposes and its leaves give out a spicy fragrance. Leaves of the plant can be used in the treatment of fevers, flatulence, and upset stomach. It also reduces spastic colon and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The oils can be used as an energy booster. It can also improve skin and hair health. (See How Do You Get Chiggers Out of Your Yard?)
24. Rosemary Plant (Salvia rosmarinus)
This is a perennial medicinal plant with needle-like leaves with a pungent smell. It is an evergreen plant and bears brilliant blue flowers. Leaves of rosemary are used in culinary dishes, but they have various medicinal uses also. As one of the medicinal plants worth your garden space, you can find more about it in the following points:
- The extract from the leaves can be used to improve brain health, memory, and cognition.
- The leaves extract reduces muscle pain and induces a soothing effect.
- The leaves are known to boost the immune system, blood circulation, and digestion. Improved blood circulation also leads to better hair health.
Additionally, you can use it as a substitute for caffeine. (See Why is Coffee Called a Cup of Joe?)
25. Rui or Giant calotrope (Calotropis gigantean)
This plant is also known as a crown flower and is commonly known as Aak in the Hindu religion. The plant is available in two varieties, which are white-flowered and purple-flowered, while the white flowers are used for medicinal purposes. The following points are the reason why it is a great addition to our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space:
- Milky discharge can be used for treating asthma, skin diseases, and leprosy. (See How to Breathe through Both Nostrils?)
- Root bark powder can be used in treating dysentery and diarrhea.
- Leaves of purple and white flower plants can be used for fomentation to painful joints.
- In infants, fomentation of leaves after the application of castor oil can relieve stomach pain.
26. Sage (Salvia officinalis)
The plant is an evergreen woody subshrub with grayish leaves. The plant bears purple leaves and belongs to the mint family. Salvia is the Latin name for Sage, which means to heal. There are various ways by which you can enjoy the medicinal benefits of the plant-like by chewing leaves, inhalation, making ointments and paste.
- Consuming sage is known to improve the memory and cognitive power of the brain.
- As one of the medicinal plants worth your garden space, it can help in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease as it improves concentration and memory.
- It has antioxidant properties which are beneficial in reducing inflammation that is the root cause of other diseases. (Read why green tea makes me feel sick?)
- Various dangerous diseases are related to the heart, brain, joints, and other organs. The immune system and bone health can also be improved with it.
- Applying it externally can benefit in treating various infections like mouth, skin, throat, and gum infections.
27. Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae)
This deciduous plant is also known as a sallow thorn, seaberry, and sand thorn and is one of the valuable medicinal plants worth your garden space and eventually, health. the plant is rich in vitamins, flavonoids, and antioxidant chemicals that make it good for medicinal uses.
- Leaves and flowers are used in treating gastrointestinal ulcers, skin rashes caused by measles, arthritis, and gout.
- The tea made from leaves helps in the regulation of blood pressure and lowers cholesterol levels.
- Eyesight improvement and protection from infection are enjoyed by consuming berries.
- The oil from the seeds treats heart disorders and asthma.
- Barks and leaves treat diarrhea, dermatological disorders, and compressions for rheumatoid arthritis.
- Flowers are used as skin softeners.
- Fresh berry juice should be consumed to treat or relieve fever, colds, metabolic disorders, peptic ulcers, inflammation, trachoma, and other problems. (See What is Tapioca?)
28. Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus)
This is an adaptogen herb which means it can help prepare the body during stressful circumstances, cold, infections, extreme heat, or trauma. It is majorly used for recovering from heavy exercise and mental exertion.
- It increases lymphocytes and enhances the immune system proving to be one of the great medicinal Plants Worth Your Garden Space and Eventually, Health,
- Ginseng serves various purposes like radiological, immunogenic, anti-inflammatory, and chemoprotective purposes.
- Helps in treating bone marrow suppression caused by chemotherapy or radiation.
- It also treats hypercholesterolemia and neurasthenia along with headaches. It improves memory, reduces insomnia, and improves appetite. Learn how to grow Ginseng at your home.
The plant is considered a natural sweetener because it has 300 times more sweetness than sugar. It is also known as a sweet herb. The sweet leaves of the plant are non-calorific and can be used in food, beverages, and medicines. You can use it to cure stomach problems and burns. Diabetic people can use it instead of regular sugar because it is low in carbohydrates. (See Why is Agriculture Important?)
30. Tea tree or Narrow-leaved paperback (Melaleuca alternifolia)
It is a tree or a tall shrub with various medicinal benefits. The leaves, twigs, and oil extracted from the plant are used for medicinal purposes. Chewing tea leaves can relieve headaches. The oil has antifungal, antibacterial, and antiseptic properties. The oil can be used to treat chronic fatigue syndrome, acne, athlete’s foot, warts, insect bites, cold sores, cystitis, minor burns, and glandular fever. The oil also has properties that improve skin health. (Read How long does it take for Wounds with stitches to heal?)
31. Yellow Gentian (Gentiana lutea)
This herbal plant is bitter to taste and is a perennial plant. The roots and rhizome have medicinal benefits. Following are the reasons why this majestic plant is on our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space and eventually, health. It can treat exhaustion resulting from chronic diseases. Treats digestive disorders, indigestion, and gastric infections. It also helps in treating anorexia. This plant is used in treating heartburn and vomiting. (See What Is Mustard Made Of?)
32. Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
Thyme is a medicinal herb that is used in culinary dishes because of its medicinal properties, and it also adds a floral aroma to the dishes. The leaves and stems of thyme have various medicinal properties and are known as natural antiseptics. You can grow thyme indoors, but make sure to keep it full during the day. They thrive in well-drained soil and can be easily grown in pots. Thyme is a great addition to our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space and eventually, health due to the following reasons:
- Thyme leaves contain the compound thymol which gives them antibacterial properties. This helps in reducing fungal growth in infected areas. You can apply crushed or whole leaves to the infected area.
- Rich with antioxidant properties, thyme can help rejuvenate by removing chemicals and free radicals from the body, thus slowing the aging process.
- The iron content in thymes makes it beneficial in improving blood circulation & hemoglobin levels.
- You can enjoy a healthy heart because of the minerals and vitamins present in thyme. Thyme can also help in treating congestion, stomach gas, diarrhea, and other digestive issues.
- It is also helpful with whooping cough, sore throat, cough, arthritis, and bronchitis. (Read How to treat a Bad Cough?)
33. Vetiver Grass or Khus (Chrysopogon zizanioides)
It is a perennial bunchgrass and is closely related to sorghum. It has cooling, anti-inflammatory, antiemetic, antiseptic properties. Following are some of the points which make Khus a must while talking about medicinal plants worth your garden space:
- It helps in reducing hypertension, insomnia, and blood sugar.
- In medicinal plants worth your garden space, the juice from the roots of this plant elevates the feeling of nausea and refreshes the body.
- Reduces inflammation in the nervous and circulatory system.
- The extracted oil helps in treating anxiety, epilepsy, hysteria attacks, restlessness, nervousness, and anger. (See The Body Language of Anxiety)
34. Winter Cherry or Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
This is an annual nightshade evergreen shrub. The roots and leaves are beneficial for various medicinal purposes making it one of the all-rounders among medicinal plants worth your garden space. It can boost brain functioning, immunity, and lower blood sugar levels. Fights the symptoms of anxiety, depression, and cortisol. It can enhance stamina and balance thyroid hormones. It has antiepileptic and antitumor properties. It provides relief from pain and aids in sleeping. Acts like a heart tonic and improves eye health. (See What is Huckleberry?)
This ends our list of medicinal plants worth your garden space. We publish quality content regularly on our site so don’t forget to bookmark us. Feel free to send us your suggestions and feedback regarding this article in the comment section below.