What is Maslow's hierarchy of needs?


    What is Maslow's hierarchy of needs?

  • 1 The theory

    Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory which tries to accurately explain what motivates human beings, which things are prioritized and what are ultimate goals of all individuals. The author is American psychologist Abraham Maslow.

  • 2 Base level 1: Biological and physiological needs

    At the base level of people's needs are biological and physiological needs. Some of these are air, food, water, safe shelter, warmth, sleep, good health and others.

  • 3 Level 2: Safety

    Level 2 deals with the safety of one's being. Some of these are security, order, justice, stability and so on.

  • 4 Level 3: Love and belonging

    Level 3 is love and belonging. Some of these are friendship, intimacy, family, closeness, love and so on. It is worth noting that if this need is not satisfied it can replace level 1 needs at the base. People are well known to risk safety, biological and physiological needs in order to be loved.

  • 5 Level 4: Esteem

    Level 4 deals with the need for esteem. Some of these are self-confidence, private and career achievements, skills, independence, social status, prestige and so on.

  • 6 Level 5: Cognition

    Level 5 deals with cognition such as acquiring new knowledge about the self and the world outside it.

  • 7 Level 6: Aesthetic

    Level 6 deals with aesthetic needs. Some of these are aesthetic affinity, search for beauty in the form of music, art, photography, hobbies and so on.

  • 8 Level 7: Self-actualization

    Level 7 deals with the need for self-actualization which focuses on improving oneself and its maximum potential.

  • 9 Level 8: Transcendence

    Level 8 deals with the need to achieve transcendence. Some of these are empathy, altruism, spirituality, helping others fulfill their needs and so on.

  • 10 Can the pyramid model be improved?

    Yes, the 8 level pyramid can be reduced to only 3 most basic needs - existing, belonging, and seeking. Reducing the model can help determine more precisely what all people seek during their lifetime.

  • 11 Basic need for existing

    Existing deals with the need to exist before everything else. This need is satisfied through various channels which are described in Levels 1 and 2 of Maslow's pyramid.

  • 12 Basic need for belonging

    Belonging deals with the need to find a place for self in the vast universe and connect to someone in a meaningful way. This need is satisfied through various channels which are described in Levels 3 and 4 of Maslow's pyramid. Satisfying this can replace the need for existing in terms of priority.

  • 13 Basic need for seeking

    Seeking deals with the need to discover new things and great experiences about life and self and to see what is the maximum possible potential that can be achieved. This need is satisfied through various channels which are described in Levels 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Maslow's pyramid.

  • 14 Human needs are simple, channels are complicated

    As seen above, human needs are simple but numerous different channels through which these are achieved are what could look hardly comprehensible to someone not realizing what's going on beneath the surface (inside everybody's subconsciousness).